What are two different types of grafts?
What are 3 types of bio prosthetic valves?
What are 3 types of mechanical valves?
Self to self (graft)
What two ways can you do a Auto- graft?
What is it called when a band that is placed on the PV?
Can a Fascia Lata also be used as a bioprosthetic valve?
Are fascia Lata commonly used?
This is a type of graft that is made from thigh muscle covering
This type of graft is used from human to human
Where do we get a homograft valve from?
Are the durability of the homograft vales as comparable to the porcine and bovine tissue valves?
This is a valve that goes from animal to human?
What type of graft uses pigs trileaflet AOV?
What are two types of heterografts?
Can porcine valves be stented or unstented?
What are 3 other names for a procine graft?
This graft utilizes a cows pericardium and prepares a trileaflet valve mounted on stents and sewing ring?
What are some common names for Bovine?
Is a Lonescu-Shiley graft still used in the US?
List some complications of a Bioprosthetic valve?
Are all valves inherently stenotic?
What does the stenotic degree depend on?
What should you use to calculate the level of stenosis?
These are commonly found trapped on stents or leaflets, and can cause a total obstruction or stenosis?
Are thrombus common on Bioprosthetic valves?
Is it common to find regurgitation, and what is considered normal?
Leaking around the bioprosthetic valve
Why can there be leaking around a bioprosthetic valve?
What is it called when there is a rocking of the valve, and why does it occur?
What does a Dehiscence generally cause?
What are 3 types of Mechanical Valves?
This mechanical valve is a ball within a cage
What is the most common brand of ball and cage valve?
True/ Fase: It is possible for a ball and cage valve to function for 20 yrs?
This mechanical valve is a single tilting disc that creates a major and minor orifice
What is a common brand name for a tilting disc valve, and what are some other brands?
Are Bjork Shiley valves still used in the US? Why?
This mechanical valve is two discs creating 3 orifices?
What is a benefit of a bileaflet titling disc?
What is the least Stenotic mechanical valve?
What is the most common brands for a bileaflet tilting disc?
List some complications of a mechanical Valve?
A fibrous ingrowth of tissue that can lead to regurgitation and stenosis?
What does a Pannus result in?
What is the etiology of mechanical/ Bioprosthetic valves?
What are some common names of MV valve repairs?
What pts are likely to recieve a Mechanical valve?
Why are women who are in child bearing years not given mechanical valves?
What pts are likely to recieve a Bioprosthetic valve?
What do you do when you are evaluating a Bioprosthetic valve?
True/ False: A TEE is not useful when evaluating for vegetations and thrombi
List some complications you want to rule out when evaluating a Bioprosthetic valve?
When you are looking at a mechnical valve in echo, what do you evaluate for?
Why is 2D evaluation of a mechanical valve limited?
What complications can you have with a mechanical valve?
What is a good way to distinguish between mechanical and prosthetic valves?
This is a highly refelctive artifact that creates bright lines shining down from the valve
What is m-mode used for when looking at a replaced valve?
What do you use doppler for when evaluating a replaced valve?
What are some treatments for valve replacements?
What is a type of anticoagulation medicine?