The articular margin between the acetabulum and the femoral head should be parallel.
One sign of hip dysplasia is a flattened region on the femoral head in the area of the fovea capitis.
At least how much of the femoral head should be covered by the acetabulum?
All of the femoral head should be covered by the acetabulum
The femoral neck should be __________ than the femoral head and have a __________ margin.
Which of these is/are indicative of hip dysplasia? (select all that apply)
less than normal acetabular coverage of the femur
non-parallel articular margin between the acetabulum and the femoral head
signs of degenerative joint disease
flattened region on the femoral head in the area of the fovea capitis
What is a "morgan line"? (select all that apply)
a roentgen sign associated with hip dysplasia
a caudal curvilinear enthesophyte
an early indicator of osteoarthrosis secondary to coxofemoral joint laxity
Which of the following are roentgen signs of hip dysplasia? (select all that apply)
subluxation of the coxofemoral joint
flattening of the region on the femoral head in the area of the fovea capitis
flattening of the acetabulum
thickening of the femoral head and neck secondary to osteophytosis
osteophytosis of the cranial and/or caudal acetabular rim
In an OFA system, who can acquire the radiographs?
Only veterinarians who have taken the OFA course and been approved
Submission to OFA is mandatory.
Which of the following is required for an OFA? (select all that apply)
extended leg VD
How old must a dog be in order to be certified using the OFA system?
The OFA system has a subjective grading system with seven categories that range from excellent to severe.
The PennHIP method requires mandatory submission.
Who can acquire PennHIP iimages?
Only veterinarians who have taken the PennHIP course and have been approved with 5 trial submissions
At what age can a PennHIP be preformed on a dog?
What is required for a PennHIP? (select all that apply)
Which provides more information on joint laxity?
Neither provides information on joint laxity
Legg-Calve Perthes is: (select all that apply)
a synonym for aseptic necrosis
a synonym for avascular necrosis of the femoral head
a loss of blood supply to the proximal epiphysis
bilateral more than 50% of the time
Which of the following is an EARLY sign of Legg-Calve Perthes disease?
increased radiolucency of the femoral head
increased joint space width
flattening/collapse of femoral head
shortening and widening of the femoral neck
Which of the following is/are possible signs of cranial cruciate ruptures?
avulsion fragment in the joint space
____________ luxation of the patella is more common in small breed dogs and is usually of a _______________ origin.