In the Northern Hemisphere, an object traveling from west to east will initially be deflected to the ______ by the Coriolis force.
Which of the following pressure cells are located near 60° N in the Pacific Ocean?
the Aleutian Low
the Icelandic Low
the Bermuda High
the Hawaiian High
both the Bermuda High AND the Icelandic Low
According to the mountain-valley breeze cycle, which of the following times would be best to take a bicycle trip up a canyon, assuming you want the wind at your back?
very early in the morning
in the afternoon
very late at night
any time high pressure dominates over the mountains
none of these
Which of the following is correctly matched?
low pressure; sinking air in the Southern Hemisphere
high pressure; sinking air in the Northern Hemisphere
low pressure; counter-clockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere
low pressure; counter-clockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere
both low pressure; counter-clockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere AND high pressure; sinking air in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Coriolis force is strongest
near the poles
in the Southern Hemisphere
wherever there is a lot of friction
in the Northern Hemisphere
at the equator
Circulation around a high pressure center is termed
A regional ocean current that is flowing from the equator towards a pole is most likely
a thermohaline current
a warm current
a cool current
an upwelling current
The land-sea breeze and mountain-valley breeze cycles are controlled by shifting thermal high and low pressure systems.
Air flowing fromt he subtropical highs to the subpolar lows produces which of the following global wind belts?
the trade winds
the polar easterlies
What is the extensive, flat layer of clouds that has formed at low altitudes?
the ITCZ and the subtropical highs
the ITCZ and the subpolar lows
the subpolar lows and the subtropical highs
the subpolar lows and the polar highs
Which of the following is affected most strongly by the Coriolis force?
winds near earth's surface
winds in the upper atmosphere
winds near the equator
Regional-scale ocean currents or "gyres" in the Northern Hemisphere typically flow
across the equator
consistently toward the North Pole
The Intertropical Convergence Zone is an example of which of the following?
a thermal low-pressure zone
a westerly wind belt
a thermal high-pressure zone
a dynamic high-pressure zone
At the surface of the earth, air flows
from high pressure to low pressure
from high pressure to high pressure
from low pressure to high pressure
from low pressure to low pressure
Which global wind belt is most common in the contiguous 48 United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii)?
Wind-generated energy resources are currently the fastest-growing energy technology in terms of new capacity.
Which of the following statements about the Coriolis force is true?
It makes toilets flush clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere
It only affects objects moving north to south
It helps to produce counterclockwise rotation of air around a low-pressure center in the Northern Hemisphere
Its effects are enhanced by friction
all of these.
Which of the following relationships between pressure and temperature is usually true?
low pressure, cool, sinking air
high pressure, warm, rising air
low pressure, warm, rising air
high pressure, cool, sinking air
both low pressure, warm, rising air AND high pressure, cool, sinking air
Areas that experience monsoons are characterized by _________ summers and _______ winters.
The Gulf Stream current along the east coast of the United States is an example of
a saline current
According to the land-sea breeze cycle, what type of wind should a person expect when visiting a coastal beach during the day?
blowing from sea toward land
blowing along the coast, from north to south
no wind at all
blowing from land toward sea
both low pressure; counter-clockwise rotation the Northern Hemisphere AND high pressure; sinking air in the Northern Hemisphere
In which of the following locations would one be most likely to find warm, dry, descending air?
the subtropical highs
the subpolar front
the polar highs
none of the above
Which of the following is an example of a cold local wind?