Premedication and Sedation

Question 1 of 50

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Which requires the largest dose (mg/kg) of premedication?

Select one of the following:

  • A friendly, 50 kg Great Dane

  • An aggressive, 40 kg German Shepard

  • A friendly, 7 kg westie

  • An aggressive, 1 kg chihuahua

Question 2 of 50

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Premedication is unneeded when an IV catheter is in place.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a reason why premedication is used.

Select one of the following:

  • calm, sedate, or tranquilize

  • smooth induction/recover period

  • provide analgesia

  • increase muscle relaxation

  • increase airway secretions

  • induce vomiting

Question 4 of 50

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Which of the following is an anticholinergic?

Select one of the following:

  • Benzodiazepine

  • Glycopyrrolate

  • Phenothiazine

  • guaifenesin

Question 5 of 50

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Anticholinergics has a reversible mechanism of action.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a use for anticholinergics?

Select one of the following:

  • decrease salivation

  • decrease respiratory secretions

  • prevent bradycardia

  • antihistamine

  • all of the above are uses for anticholinergics

Question 7 of 50

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Which of the following is an effect of atropine?

Select one of the following:

  • brachycardia

  • bronchoconstriction

  • midriasis

  • increases GI motility

Question 8 of 50

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The duration of atropine is 60-90 minutes.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 50

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Atrophine is metabolized in the liver.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 50

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Glycopyrrolate crosses the blood brain barrier but not the placenta.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 50

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Glycopyrrolate has similar effects to atropine but has a longer onset and duration.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 50

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Anticholingergics should not be used in patients with preexisting tachycardia.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a use of acepromazine?

Select one of the following:

  • Sedation

  • antiemetic

  • antiarrhythmic

  • antihistamine

  • All are uses of acepromazine

Question 14 of 50

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Acepromazine blocks all of the follow EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • The action of serotonin

  • Apla-1 receptors

  • Beta-2 receptors

  • Dopamine receptors in CNS

Question 15 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT true about acepromazine?

Select one of the following:

  • Acepromazine is a vasodialator

  • Decreases myocardial sensitization

  • Decreases PCV, total protein and platelet aggregation

  • Decreases tachycardia

Question 16 of 50

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Acepromazine has minimal respiratory effects.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 50

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Acepromazine causes CNS depression and sedation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 50

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Acepromazine provides excellent analgesia.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 50

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Acepromazine is contradicted with opioids.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 50

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Acepromazine has a long half-life and long duration.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 50

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Acepromazine is an antiemetic and should be given 30 minutes before.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 22 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a contradiction of acepromazine.

Select one of the following:

  • severe liver disease

  • Hypervolemia

  • Anemia

  • Shock

Question 23 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a DISADVANTAGE of acepromazine?

Select one of the following:

  • Irreversible

  • Long lasting

  • Expensive

  • It doesn't cause analgesia

Question 24 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a use of benzodiazepines?

Select one of the following:

  • Anticonvulsant

  • Anxiolysis

  • Deep sedation

  • Muscle relaxation

Question 25 of 50

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What is the mechanism of action for benzodiazepine?

Select one of the following:

  • Competitive antagonist of ACh at the muscarinic cholinergic receptors

  • Block serotonin

  • Block Alpha-1 receptors

  • Block Alpha-2 receptors

  • Block dopamine

  • Binds to GABA A receptors to increase affinity of GABA

Question 26 of 50

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Diazepam has minimal cardiovascular and respiratory effects.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 27 of 50

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Which drug may cause paradoxical excitement?

Select one of the following:

  • Atropine

  • Acepromazine

  • Diazepam

  • Flumazenil

Question 28 of 50

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Which benzodiazepines are lipid soluble? (check all that apply)

Select one or more of the following:

  • diazepam

  • midazolam

  • zolazepam

Question 29 of 50

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Zolazepam is only used in a 12:1 mixture with Tiletamine

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 50

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Midazolam has a longer duration of action than diazepam.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 50

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Metabolism in cats is slower for zolazepam.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 50

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Which of the following is FALSE regarding flumazenil?

Select one of the following:

  • It is a benzodiazepine antagonist.

  • It is short acting.

  • It is inexpensive.

  • No acute anxiety of evidence of abrupt reversal.

Question 33 of 50

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Which are antiarrhythmic?

Select one of the following:

  • Phenothiazines

  • Benzodiazepines

Question 34 of 50

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Which are nonreversible?

Select one of the following:

  • Phenothiazines

  • Benzodiazepines

Question 35 of 50

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Which decrease anesthetic requirements?

Select one of the following:

  • phenothiazines

  • benzodiazepines

Question 36 of 50

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Which cause muscle relaxation?

Select one of the following:

  • phenothiazines

  • benzodiazepines

Question 37 of 50

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Which have minimal cardiopulmonary effects?

Select one of the following:

  • phenothiazines

  • benzodiazepines

Question 38 of 50

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Which cause Hypotension and Vasodilation?

Select one of the following:

  • Phenothiazines

  • Benzodiazepines

Question 39 of 50

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Alpha-2 receptor agnoists bind to ____________ receptors to _____________ release of norepinephrine.

Select one of the following:

  • presynaptic, increase

  • presynaptic, decrease

  • postsynaptic, increase

  • postsynaptic, decrease

Question 40 of 50

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Which of the following is FALSE regarding Alpha-2 agonists?

Select one of the following:

  • provide sedation

  • provide analgesia

  • provide muscle relaxation

  • cause anxiety

Question 41 of 50

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Which of the following is TRUE regarding Alpha-2 receptor agonist cardiovascular effects?

Select one of the following:

  • Can cause AV blocks

  • Causes tachycardia

  • causes vasodilation

  • increases cardiac output

Question 42 of 50

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Which of the following is FALSE regarding Alpha-2 agonist respiratory effects?

Select one of the following:

  • causes peripheral venous desaturation

  • increases respiratory rate

  • may decrease tidal volume

  • has signiscant effects when combined with other sedatives

Question 43 of 50

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Which of the following are FALSE regarding Alpha-2 receptor agnoist CNS effects?

Select one of the following:

  • can cause personality changes

  • causes muscle relaxation

  • dose-independent sedation

  • provides analgesia

Question 44 of 50

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Alpha-2 receptor agonists can cause hyperglycemia.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 45 of 50

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Alpha-2 agonists increase GI motility.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 46 of 50

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Alpha-2 receptor agonists are antiemetics.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 47 of 50

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Alpha-2 receptor agonists decrease urine production.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 48 of 50

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Alpha-2 agonists cause nasal congestion.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 49 of 50

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Alpha-2 agonists decrease thermoregulation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 50 of 50

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Alpha-2 agonists increase uterine tone.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Premedication and Sedation

lniehaus
Quiz by , created almost 3 years ago

Quiz on Premedication and Sedation, created by lniehaus on 26/02/2014.

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Created by lniehaus almost 3 years ago
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