What are the three most common problems with equine anaesthesia?
what may cause a horse to hypoventilate on anaesthesia?
how can the horses CO2 be assessed?
what does sever hyper capneia cause?
why is mild hyper capnea benifitial?
what is good hyper capnea?
How should hyper capneia be treated?
Why is IPPV dangerous in hoses?
What are the two ways to measure hypoxia in a horse and how do they differ?
How is spO2 and PaO2 measured?
what are the values where they are considered hypoxic?
what are the causes of hypoxia?
what are the two most likely causes o hypopoxia in a horse during anaestetic?
Why arent the whole of the lungs per-fused during anesthetic?
how should VQ miss-mach be treated?
what is PEEP
what does hypoxia cause?
what is hypotension?
How is man atrial pressure calculated?
what are e side effects of anticholinergics?
when should anticholinegics be used in an anesthetic?
what are the two anticholenergics available for use?
what is stroke volume directly effaced by?
what causes a reduction in pre load?
what decreases contractility?
what causes a decrease to the after load?
what drugs increase the after load?
what is the worry if after load is increased too much?
how should hypotnsion be treated?
what factors may make the horses recovery more dangerous?
what are the desired factors of an equine recovery room?
What may be complications of recovery?
how man anesthetic deaths is myopathy responsible for?
how does compartmental syndrome occur?
what are the signs of myopathy?
what horses are at risk of myopathies?
how are post anesthetic myopathies teated?
How are peripheral neuropathies caused?
How should peripheral neuropathies be treated?
what central neuropathies may occur in the horse post anaesthetic?
what are the re disposing factors to central myopathies in the horse post anesthetic?
what factors may increase the likely hood of nasal oedema?
how may the horses larynx be damaged on anesthetic?
How should laryngeal problems be treated in the horse?
what can be done to increase he chances of a smooth recovery?
how long should recovery take in a hose?