Health

Question 1 of 119

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1. As opposed to rehabilitation, remediation of a loss of physical function means to

Select one of the following:

  • restore the original function

  • maintain what function remains.

  • correct the problem through alternative means.

  • accept the loss of one function but strengthen those that remain.

Question 2 of 119

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The term morbidity refers to

Select one of the following:

  • high risk behaviors

  • the incidence of unhealthy though patterns.

  • the process of death

  • illness and disease

Question 3 of 119

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The traditional American approach to health care is

Select one of the following:

  • multidimensional.

  • preventive.

  • holistic

  • episodic

Question 4 of 119

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4. Which of the following BEST illustrates the traditional American approach to health care?

Select one of the following:

  • an emphasis on disease prevention

  • Seeing doctors only when sick or injured

  • Eliminating high-risk behaviors from your lifestyle

  • taking advantage of your school or company’s fitness center

Question 5 of 119

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5. The goal of preventive medicine is to

Select one of the following:

  • identify and reduce risk factors in the patient’s life.

  • promote managed health care over traditional insurance.

  • prevent people from having to visit doctors

  • treat illness.

Question 6 of 119

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6. Of the following, which is not one of the central goals proposed by Healthy People 2020?

Select one of the following:

  • Promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life.

  • An increasing acceptance of integrative forms of health care including reflexology and herbal-ism.

  • Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups.

  • Eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death.

Question 7 of 119

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7. Which term BEST describes the process in which individuals or groups gain increasing control
over their health?

Select one of the following:

  • wellness

  • holistic health

  • empowerment

  • health promotion

Question 8 of 119

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8. Which of the following BEST illustrates group-oriented health promotion as described in your
text?

Select one of the following:

  • A small rural town attracts a new physicians’ clinic.

  • A city receives federal funding to establish an AIDS awareness campaign.

  • A new neighborhood is designed so that parks, stores, and medical clinics are easilyreached by walking or by bus

  • An inner-city neighborhood creates Volunteer groups to clean up parks, Organize a crime watch program, and offer youth sports leagues.

Question 9 of 119

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9. During which of Prochaska’s Stages of Change would an individual think about making a change
in behavior but have no actual intention of stopping in the next few months?

Select one of the following:

  • Preparation Stage

  • Precontemplation Stage

  • Contemplation Stage

  • Termination Stage

Question 10 of 119

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10. According to the text, to define health,

Select one of the following:

  • one must first understand the dynamics of illness and death.

  • it is important to focus on illness prevention and the postponement of death.

  • it is important to look past illness prevention and the postponement of death.

  • none of these is correct.

Question 11 of 119

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11. Rodney has been in his first job only two months, but already some of his colleagues dislike
He doesn't mean any harm; he just says what’s on his mind. In which of the following areas does
Rodney need improvement?

Select one of the following:

  • independence

  • responsibility

  • social skills

  • intimacy

Question 12 of 119

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12. Unlike most other concepts of health, holistic health considers (Blank) to be part of overall health

Select one of the following:

  • tolerance for risk

  • your attitudes about your health

  • others’ perceptions of your health

  • Intellectual and spiritual dimensions

Question 13 of 119

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13. Your body weight, visual ability, strength, and level of susceptibility to disease are components
of which dimension of health

Select one of the following:

  • physical

  • emotional

  • social

  • occupational

Question 14 of 119

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14. Your ability to cope with stress, remain flexible, and compromise to resolve conflict encompasses
which dimension of health?

Select one of the following:

  • intellectual

  • emotional

  • spiritual

  • social

Question 15 of 119

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15. People who have good emotional health tend to

Select one of the following:

  • be more dominant in social situations

  • accept rejection without complaint.

  • enjoy life more

  • enjoy conflict

Question 16 of 119

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16. Your ability to process information, clarify values and beliefs, and exercise decision-making
ability lies primarily in which dimension of health?

Select one of the following:

  • social

  • spiritual

  • physical

  • intellectual

Question 17 of 119

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17. The dimension of health that focuses on your relation to others, the nature of human behavior,
and your willingness to serve others is the (Blank) dimension

Select one of the following:

  • social

  • spiritual

  • physical

  • intellectual

Question 18 of 119

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18. This dimension of health encompasses the ability to interact comfortably in diverse settings.

Select one of the following:

  • social

  • physical

  • intellectual

  • spiritual

Question 19 of 119

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19. The significant contribution that the occupational dimension makes to the wellness movement is
that it

Select one of the following:

  • affords many people material needs

  • Defines for many importance of the workplace to their sense of well being

  • allows many people to fill their days without boredom

  • adds to the gross national product of the united states

Question 20 of 119

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1. Which of the following is the BEST indication of an emotionally healthy person?

Select one of the following:

  • a tendency to respond to every situation, good or bad, with humor

  • an ability to remain calm and in control of one’s emotions in every situation

  • a tendency to show a range of emotions that reflect life's “ups and downs”

  • a tendency to restrain one’s happiness, knowing that bad experiences can happen at any time

Question 21 of 119

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2. Which of the following examples of humor MOST clearly signifies emotional wellness?

Select one of the following:

  • when it is only used to poke fun at others

  • when you can recognize the humor in everyday life

  • when it is restrained and carefully considered

  • when it is only used to poke fun at oneself

Question 22 of 119

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3. April feels shy and often lonely when she attends parties. She should

Select one of the following:

  • develop her communication skills.

  • attend the party with people she is acquainted with

  • have one or two drinks to make herself feel better.

  • only attend a party if she knows the people who will be there

Question 23 of 119

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4. How are communication skills related to emotional health?

Select one of the following:

  • Good communication skills are indicators of good social interactions.

  • Emotionally healthy people must excel at communication.

  • Communication skills are based on emotional health.

  • There is no correlation between the two.

Question 24 of 119

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5. Which of the following is FALSE regarding nonverbal communication?

Select one of the following:

  • it is what is communicated by facial expression and body posture

  • the way in which you breathe is a form of nonverbal communication.

  • it is not a powerful means of communication

  • It is the more important aspect of the message being communicated.

Question 25 of 119

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6. Which of the following is an important principle for effective verbal communication?

Select one of the following:

  • Speak quickly to give your message more impact.

  • If your argument is weak, raise your voice

  • Provide as many details as possible.

  • Start on a positive note.

Question 26 of 119

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7. When you have important message to communicate, it is most essential that you

Select one of the following:

  • Take the time to think before speaking

  • forceful

  • seek feedback.

  • adopt a conversational tone.

Question 27 of 119

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8. Which of the following would NOT be included in nonverbal communication‘?

Select one of the following:

  • facial cues

  • the environment

  • body posture

  • eye contact

Question 28 of 119

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9. Which of the following has been cited as one of the MOST important sources of nonverbal
communication‘?

Select one of the following:

  • body posture

  • personal space

  • eye contact

  • facial expressions

Question 29 of 119

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10. Seth was upset at John’s lack of consideration regarding a shared project at work. Seth wanted to
share his feelings about the situation with John. As they talked, Seth realized that the conversation was
becoming volatile and heated. What conflict management technique should Seth use?

Select one of the following:

  • Seth should acknowledge John’s feelings.

  • Seth should watch his body posture.

  • Seth and John should agree to discuss this matter at another time

  • Seth should use assertive communication.

Question 30 of 119

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11. Abraham Maslow proposed that emotional growth occurs as one’s(blank) are satisfied.

Select one of the following:

  • emotions

  • metaneeds

  • basic needs

  • long-range goals

Question 31 of 119

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12. In Maslow’s concept of emotional growth, the highest level of growth is

Select one of the following:

  • self- denial.

  • self- realization.

  • Self- actualization

  • self- determination.

Question 32 of 119

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13. The first requirement in Maslow’s hierarchy to be met is

Select one of the following:

  • safety needs.

  • self-esteem needs.

  • belonging and love.

  • physiological needs.

Question 33 of 119

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14. According to Maslow, spirituality, creativity, and curiosity are considered

Select one of the following:

  • metaneeds.

  • basic needs.

  • essential needs.

  • fundamental needs.

Question 34 of 119

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15. Your friend Walter recently lost his job and his apartment. He is living temporarily with his
parents and seems quite cynical. According to Maslow’s theory, what would be the best way you could
help him start to rebuild his self-esteem?

Select one of the following:

  • Help Walter find a job and a place to live

  • Direct Walter’s attention to transcendent things

  • Take Walter out to dinner so that he can forget his troubles

  • Introduce Walter to a young woman you think would find him attractive

Question 35 of 119

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16. According to the authors, which of the following is seen as one of the MOST important traits of a
creative person?

Select one of the following:

  • nonconformity

  • persistence

  • independence

  • curiosity

Question 36 of 119

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17. People who are creative tend to possess which of the following characteristics

Select one of the following:

  • confidence.

  • persistence.

  • humor.

  • spirituality.

Question 37 of 119

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18. Which of the following people is MOST likely to be labeled creative? One who

Select one of the following:

  • is not detail oriented.

  • is always very well organized.

  • likes to solve problems.

  • likes to be in charge.

Question 38 of 119

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19. An important benefit of spirituality is that it

Select one of the following:

  • keeps you humble.

  • discourages the use of drugs.

  • has been found to increase your psychological wellness.

  • provides a basis on which to judge the behavior of others.

Question 39 of 119

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20. People with spiritual health

Select one of the following:

  • tend to be self-absorbed

  • seek meaning and purpose in their lives

  • tend to be anxious individuals

  • tend to be egocentric

Question 40 of 119

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21. One of the benefits of mindfulness is that it enables you to

Select one of the following:

  • plan your day without interruptions.

  • accept yourself and your experience

  • complete a simple chore.

  • concentrate on your breathing.

Question 41 of 119

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22. Pessimism and low self-esteem tend to result from

Select one of the following:

  • personalization.

  • permanence.

  • pervasiveness.

  • learned helplessness.

Question 42 of 119

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23. When an individual views a task as being hard, anticipates failing at that task, and subsequently
performs poorly, they are experiencing which of the following

Select one of the following:

  • permanence

  • pessimism

  • low self-esteem

  • learned helplessness

Question 43 of 119

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24. When you personalize events, you

Select one of the following:

  • blame oneself and have an internal explanatory style for negative events.

  • blame others and have an external explanatory style for negative events.

  • see yourself the way others see you.

  • change how you view the world.

Question 44 of 119

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25. Which of the following chemicals is said to be deficient in people with depression?

Select one of the following:

  • melatonin

  • ACTH

  • beta endorphins

  • serotonin

Question 45 of 119

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26. Your roommate Celine is normally an active person, but over the last two weeks she has
remained in the apartment for several days. She won't talk to her friends when they call, and she seems to have no appetite. Celine is most likely suffering from

Select one of the following:

  • schizophrenia

  • bipolar disorder

  • clinical depression

  • general anxiety disorder.

Question 46 of 119

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27. The drug Prozac is

Select one of the following:

  • most commonly used to treat bipolar disorder.

  • highly effective, but also known for its many side effects.

  • a highly effective antidepressant.

  • being replaced in most cases by newer, more effective medications.

Question 47 of 119

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28. Ellen is always moody and tired most days between late December and early April. She is most
likely suffering from

Select one of the following:

  • seasonal affective disorder.

  • primary depression.

  • major depression.

  • dysthymia.

Question 48 of 119

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29. Common symptoms of seasonal affective disorder include which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • increased sex drive

  • fatigue

  • weight loss

  • insomnia

Question 49 of 119

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30. Which of the following is TRUE regarding suicide?

Select one of the following:

  • Suicide is the leading cause of death for young adults 15-to-24 years old.

  • Asian Americans are the highest risk group to complete suicide.

  • Women tend to use more lethal methods to commit suicide than men

  • Suicide occurs more often among middle-aged Americans.

Question 50 of 119

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31. Bipolar disorder was previously known as

Select one of the following:

  • Major depression

  • manic depression

  • dysthymic depression.

  • obsessive- compulsive disorder.

Question 51 of 119

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32. Mel was recently found on a rooftop claiming that he could fly. The next time you saw him, he
did not even get out of bed, claiming he was worthless and would be better off dead. Several days later,
police catch Mel driving at high speeds in the wrong direction on a freeway. Mel’s behavior is most
characteristic of

Select one of the following:

  • bipolar disorder

  • ma]or depression

  • general anxiety disorder.

  • obsessive compulsive disorder.

Question 52 of 119

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33. Which of the following statements about suicide in the United States is MOST accurate?

Select one of the following:

  • Suicide is more a problem of the elderly than of young people.

  • Suicidal tendencies are distinctly different from other emotional disorders.

  • suicidal symptoms include feelings of depression and helplessness

  • Suicidal symptoms are hard to identify because they are usually well hidden.

Question 53 of 119

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34. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor associated with suicidal behavior?

Select one of the following:

  • having little or no support system

  • possessing a firearm

  • having a problem with drugs or alcohol

  • being easily distracted and irritated

Question 54 of 119

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35. Bipolar disorder is MOST commonly treated with

Select one of the following:

  • drug therapy and psychotherapy.

  • shock therapy and lithium.

  • counseling only.

  • family and group therapy.

Question 55 of 119

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36. Your friend Sue is talking about committing suicide. Which intervention strategy should you use
to help her? You should

Select one of the following:

  • assume she is not serious and change the topic of discussion.

  • avoid the subject completely because it might upset her more.

  • stay with her until you can get further assistance.

  • argue with her that things are not that bad.

Question 56 of 119

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37. Charlyce is always tired, tense, overreacts, and is always fearful things will go wrong. Her
behavior is most characteristic of

Select one of the following:

  • acrophobia.

  • bipolar disorder.

  • a panic disorder.

  • generalized anxiety disorder.

Question 57 of 119

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38. Which of the following statements about generalized anxiety disorder is MOST accurate?

Select one of the following:

  • People with this disorder can easily mask their symptoms.

  • People with this disorder tend to be lethargic and unresponsive to others.

  • People with this disorder appear to worry all the time about everything

  • People treated for this disorder are typically cured

Question 58 of 119

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39. Carey has experienced intense and frequent bouts of excessive worrying over everything for the past six months. She is an individual with

Select one of the following:

  • panic disorder.

  • generalized anxiety disorder.

  • agoraphobia.

  • post- traumatic stress disorder.

Question 59 of 119

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40. An emotional episode that features rapid pulse, heavy sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, and
the feeling of being out of control is probably a(n)

Select one of the following:

  • panic attack.

  • defense reaction

  • obsessive-compulsive episode.

  • endogenous-depression episode.

Question 60 of 119

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41. Which of the following is FALSE regarding panic disorders?

Select one of the following:

  • Many panic disorder sufferers feel as if they are about to die or are losing control.

  • A panic attack could last a few minutes or a few hours.

  • symptoms of a panic attack can mirror that of a heart attack.

  • sufferers generally perform repetitive behavior to reduce the panic attack

Question 61 of 119

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42. The MOST effective treatment for panic disorders is

Select one of the following:

  • drug therapy.

  • counseling.

  • stress management techniques.

  • all of the above choices.

Question 62 of 119

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43. A person who does unreasonable things like constantly washing his hands or constantly checking
locks is MOST likely showing signs of

Select one of the following:

  • major depression.

  • suicidal tendencies.

  • dysthymic depression.

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder

Question 63 of 119

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44. Aleesha was suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder, but recently has been doing much
better. Which of the following is MOST likely? She

Select one of the following:

  • underwent microsurgery.

  • underwent shock therapy.

  • was removed from her old environment.

  • is receiving behavioral and drug therapy

Question 64 of 119

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45. Michael believes he was kidnapped by aliens. He said he reported his kidnapping to the FBI, but
they ignored him. Much of his conversation is impossible to understand. Michael is MOST likely
suffering from

Select one of the following:

  • schizophrenia.

  • panic disorder.

  • general anxiety disorder.

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Question 65 of 119

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46. One of the defining characteristics of schizophrenia is

Select one of the following:

  • the repetition of meaningless behaviors.

  • profound distortions in one’s personality.

  • a tendency to argue with everyone.

  • suicidal impulses.

Question 66 of 119

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47. Which of the following statements about the treatment of schizophrenia is MOST accurate?

Select one of the following:

  • New techniques in psychotherapy have made treatments very effective.

  • Recent advances in drug therapy have made treatments very effective.

  • Most forms of the disorder respond to treatment similarly.

  • there is no cure for schizophrenia

Question 67 of 119

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48. Unlike other mental health professionals, psychiatrists are

Select one of the following:

  • medical doctors.

  • holders of doctorate degrees.

  • qualified to practice psychotherapy

  • grouped according to their sub-specialties.

Question 68 of 119

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49. Biological and medical interventions are used by

Select one of the following:

  • counselors.

  • psychiatrists.

  • psychologists.

  • psychiatric social workers.

Question 69 of 119

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50. Which of the following mental health care providers has a doctoral-level degree in counseling or
clinical psychology?

Select one of the following:

  • counselor

  • psychiatrist

  • psychologist

  • social worker

Question 70 of 119

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51. Which of the following is TRUE regarding counselors? They

Select one of the following:

  • can write prescriptions for their patients.

  • treat psychological disorders using behavioral therapy.

  • tend to focus less on talking about a patient‘s problem.

  • can specialize in areas such as substance abuse treatment, marriage and family therapy, andvocational rehabilitation.

Question 71 of 119

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52. Psycho-dynamic therapy is based upon the belief that

Select one of the following:

  • faulty thinking patterns are the root of all problems.

  • treatment must focus on changing an individual’s thoughts.

  • effective treatment must focus on psychological forces underlying a patient’s problems.

  • effective treatment is based upon the learned optimism paradigm.

Question 72 of 119

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53. The therapy that is based upon the belief that people, left to their own devices, will naturally grow
in positive and constructive ways is termed

Select one of the following:

  • humanistic therapy

  • solution-based therapy.

  • cognitive therapy.

  • naturalistic therapy.

Question 73 of 119

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54. Which of the following is TRUE regarding behavior therapy?

Select one of the following:

  • The therapy sessions are very expensive.

  • It focuses on the person’s childhood years only.

  • It is a form of client-centered therapy.

  • It focuses on behavior modification rather than one’s thoughts.

Question 74 of 119

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55. Which form of therapy is especially effective in treating anxiety, eating, and mood disorders?

Select one of the following:

  • behavioral therapy

  • cognitive-behavioral therapy

  • dynamic therapy

  • group therapy

Question 75 of 119

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56. Which of the following BEST describes cognitive-behavioral therapy? It

57. In which type of therapy are clients encouraged to envision a future in which their problems are
no longer a dominant force in their lives?

A) dynamic
B) supportive
C) behavioral
D) solution—focused

58. Which of the following statements about group therapy is MOST accurate? It

A) is less effective than 0ne—on-one types of therapy.
B) is not a technique in itself, only an alternative to individual therapy.
C) is an effective approach for group members to understand one another’s experiences and support one another
D) is least effective in treating problems such as chemical dependency and eating disorders.

Select one of the following:

  • focuses on changing thoughts in order to change a behavior

  • features probing the unconscious mind for solutions to problems.

  • uses peer education to help discover solutions to problems.

  • features “acting out" one’s emotions to dispel them.

Question 76 of 119

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57. In which type of therapy are clients encouraged to envision a future in which their problems are
no longer a dominant force in their lives?

Select one of the following:

  • supportive

  • behavioral

  • solution—focused

  • Dynamic

Question 77 of 119

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58. Which of the following statements about group therapy is MOST accurate? It

Select one of the following:

  • is less effective than 0ne—on-one types of therapy.

  • is not a technique in itself, only an alternative to individual therapy.

  • is an effective approach for group members to understand one another’s experiences and support one another

  • is least effective in treating problems such as chemical dependency and eating disorders.

Question 78 of 119

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1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding stress’?

Select one of the following:

  • it refers to physiological and emotional responses to an insignificant change or disruption

  • Patients suffering from it have varied and unexpected symptoms.

  • It is almost always a response to a negative event.

  • It is a physiological or psychological response to a significant or unexpected change or disruption in one’s life.

Question 79 of 119

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2. The sequence involving the alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages of the stress response is
referred to as the

Select one of the following:

  • general stress response.

  • general adaptation syndrome

  • general response syndrome

  • toxic shock syndrome.

Question 80 of 119

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3. The biggest factor in determining whether you experience stress as positive or negative is

Select one of the following:

  • how you respond to it

  • whether you were expecting it.

  • whether it involves physical pain.

  • whether the stressor is physical or emotional.

Question 81 of 119

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4. Selye used the term eustress to describe

Select one of the following:

  • the most unpleasant form of stress

  • the first stage in the stress reaction

  • stress resulting from pleasant events in one life

  • stress whose onset is delayed following exposure to a stressor.

Question 82 of 119

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5. Long-lasting stress or experiencing multiple stressors simultaneously

Select one of the following:

  • enhances the body’s immune system.

  • has little effect on overall health.

  • increases 0ne’s quality of life.

  • compromises the immune system.

Question 83 of 119

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6. Selye’s term for stress resulting from unpleasant events or conditions is called

Select one of the following:

  • terminal stress.

  • constress.

  • anastress.

  • distress.

Question 84 of 119

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7. Which of the following is TRUE?

Select one of the following:

  • Negative stressors weaken body systems, while positive stressors do not.

  • Positive stressors have cardiovascular benefits, while negative stressors do not.

  • The heart rate is more elevated when a stressor is negative than when it is positive.

  • the physiological reaction to stress is similar whether a stressor is positive or negative

Question 85 of 119

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8. At its most basic, the purpose of the stress response is to enable the body to deal with

Select one of the following:

  • unanticipated conflicts only.

  • perceived threats and dangers.

  • other people’s problems

  • personal responsibilities.

Question 86 of 119

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9. The fight or flight response occurs during which stage of Selye’s general adaptation syndrome?

Select one of the following:

  • alarm

  • recovery

  • resistance

  • exhaustion

Question 87 of 119

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10. Juwan always gets sweaty palms and a rapid heartbeat before a wrestling match, even though he
loves wrestling. Which of the following BEST explains his physical reactions?

Select one of the following:

  • Juwan's subconscious is telling him not to wrestle

  • his body is preparing for the fight or flight response

  • His reactions are abnonnal for a veteran wrestler; he should see a physician.

  • Juwan’s body is automatically preparing for the match.

Question 88 of 119

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11. At what point in the stress response is something perceived as a stressor?

Select one of the following:

  • when the brain decides that it is a stressor

  • when the endocrine system releases epinephrine

  • when it is first detected by the central nervous system

  • when the heart rate has increased 50 percent over the resting heart rate

Question 89 of 119

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12. Which of the following is needed by the body to free up energy stores in response to stress?

Select one of the following:

  • epinephrine

  • ACTH

  • cortisol

  • adrenaline

Question 90 of 119

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13. Selye’s general adaptation syndrome refers to

Select one of the following:

  • how the body typically reacts to stressors

  • the bodys tendency to fatigue upon continued exposure to a stressor.

  • a condition in which the body is no longer able to respond to stressors.

  • the body’s response to repeated negative stressors.

Question 91 of 119

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14. The body‘s attempt to reestablish internal equilibrium occurs in which stage of Selye‘s general
adaptation syndrome?

Select one of the following:

  • alarm

  • recovery

  • resistance

  • exhaustion

Question 92 of 119

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15. The three stages of Selye’s general adaptation syndrome, in order, are

Select one of the following:

  • alarm, resistance, recovery

  • alarm, reception, resistance

  • alarm, resistance, exhaustion

  • reception, resistance, recovery

Question 93 of 119

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16. The purpose of the second stage in Selye’s general adaptation syndrome is to

Select one of the following:

  • explain how prolonged stress eventually causes body systems to break down.

  • lower the intensity of the body’s initial reaction to the stressor.

  • increase hormonal and nervous system functions.

  • prepare the body for the fight or flight response.

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17. What is the name of the body structure that initiates the stress response for the hormonal and
nervous systems?

Select one of the following:

  • adrenal gland

  • hypothalamus

  • pituitary gland

  • cerebral cortex

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18. The hormone that prepares the body for the stress response by increasing metabolic rate, heart
rate, and muscular tension, is called

Select one of the following:

  • ACTH.

  • glycogen

  • epinephrine.

  • pituitary hormone.

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19. The basic role of the alarm stage in the stress response is to

Select one of the following:

  • prevent the onset of exhaustion.

  • trigger the fight-or-flight response.

  • restore equilibrium as soon as possible.

  • protect the body from chronic stress.

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20. Epinephrine is secreted from the

Select one of the following:

  • cerebral cortex.

  • pituitary gland.

  • adrenal glands.

  • hypothalamus.

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21. Which of the following is the BEST example of a stressor?

Select one of the following:

  • John breaking into a sweat after a bad scare

  • Tomas pulling his hand away from a hot stove

  • Margo starting a new job

  • Seymore tapping his pencil nervously during an important test

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22. Tina had a hard first week in her stressful job. In subsequent weeks, she learned to cope with the
pressure; now, however, she has begun to suffer from stress-related illnesses. According to Selye's
general adaptation syndrome, why is this happening to Tina?

Select one of the following:

  • Selye’s model does not address this situation.

  • Tina never actually learned to cope with the pressure.

  • Tina’s body’s ability to cope with the pressure is getting exhausted

  • The illnesses began during the first week, but the symptoms were masked.

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23. Which of the following is TRUE about stress and immune system function?

Select one of the following:

  • Prolonged stress diminishes the immune response.

  • Early in the stress response, white blood cell activity is suppressed.

  • Frequent exposure to stressors can strengthen the immune system.

  • Frequent exposure to stressors builds an immunity to stress.

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24. Of the following, which is NOT a problem commonly associated with stress?

Select one of the following:

  • Cardiovascular problems

  • Gastrointestinal problems

  • Jaw problems

  • Joint pain

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25. What role does negative stress play in disease process? Stress

Select one of the following:

  • does not cause disease, it simply makes disease symptoms worse

  • weakens the body, making it more susceptible to disease

  • stimulates the proliferation of viruses in a host.

  • has no role in disease transmission

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26. Clare has been under stress for the last three weeks. Which of the following Is she Likely to
experience?

Select one of the following:

  • nasal drip

  • difficulty sleeping

  • rapid digestion

  • excess salivation

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27. Which of the following is TRUE regarding how stress impacts the physical aspect of the body?

Select one of the following:

  • Stress impacts your psychological health more than your physical health.

  • The more stressed you are, the better physically you are able to cope with stress

  • Stress can cause your immune system to be compromised.

  • Constant exposure to stress causes the stress reaction to occur less often.

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28. A moderate level of stress in our lives

Select one of the following:

  • would still produce stress related illnesses.

  • is positive and beneficial.

  • would increase absenteeism in the workplace.

  • would cause industrial accidents to increase.

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29. The bell-shaped curve demonstrating that there is an optimal level of stress for peak performance
is the

Select one of the following:

  • Yerkes-Dodson Law

  • Performance Stressor Curve.

  • Youngly-Starr Law.

  • Kelly-Smith Law.

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30. Janie has been away at school for a month and is beginning to feel homesick. What strategy can she use to combat this feeling? She should

Select one of the following:

  • go home every weekend.

  • decide that living away is not for her and move home.

  • get involved with social activities at her school.

  • take a more vested interest in academic work to help pass the time.

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31. Alicia has a child and is trying to balance school, work, and her child. What advice do the authors suggest for her? She

Select one of the following:

  • should drop out of school until her child is old enough to start preschool

  • needs to manage her time well and have a strong support system.

  • should cut back on her classes she takes at school.

  • should ask her employer for a raise to cover day care expenses so she will have more time for her other responsibilities.

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32. You have studied for the test and feel you are prepared. You look at the first question and suddenly your mind goes blank. The harder you try to think, the more stressed you get. You are experiencing

Select one of the following:

  • sudden cognitive stress syndrome.

  • academic paralysis of analysis.

  • test anxiety

  • poor test preparation anxiety.

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33. Your professor has assigned an oral presentation that is a significant proportion of your grade.
Although you must present it at the end of the semester, you are already getting anxious. What should you do to help cope with your speech anxiety?

Select one of the following:

  • Wait to the last minute to prepare; that way, you don’t have to worry about it now.

  • Volunteer to go last; that way, maybe your professor will cut you a break.

  • Tell the professor ion have a fear of public speaking.

  • practice frequently in front of a mirror and in front of friends

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34. Joshua recently graduated from college, but has been unable to find a job. He currently lives at home with his parents and siblings. His father was recently laid off, and the family has been unable to keep up on their expenses. Things are tense around the house. What is the major source of stress for Joshua and his family?

Select one of the following:

  • relationship problems

  • academics

  • the economy

  • technology

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35. One of the procedures your text recommends for managing your time is to

Select one of the following:

  • get out of bed earlier.

  • analyze how you are spending your time.

  • Divide your time into five-minute blocks.

  • try to get a start on several new activities daily.

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36. Keith fits his studies into whatever time slots are open in a day. He is not happy with his grades.
What must he do FIRST to improve his studies? He must

Select one of the following:

  • ask his instructor for help.

  • cut back on recreation.

  • determine how much time he really spends studying.

  • group his current study periods into fewer, larger blocks.

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37. An individual procrastinates because he or she

Select one of the following:

  • is lazy and unmotivated. '

  • has too much time on his or her hands.

  • is able to performing better on a task if he or she waits.

  • is delaying the task because he or she dreads doing it. ,

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38. Which of the following is FALSE regarding perfectionists? They

Select one of the following:

  • tend to be stressed individuals.

  • tend to be their own worse critics

  • focus on what they have accomplished

  • Have difficulty with criticism or negative feedback.

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39. The goal of coping with techniques is to

Select one of the following:

  • resolve your problems and alleviate stress

  • eliminate stressors.

  • reduce the body’s reactions to stressors.

  • change negative stressors to positive stressors.

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40. Which of the following is TRUE regarding sleep and stress?

Select one of the following:

  • Sleeping too much is an effective stress management technique.

  • Getting too little sleep has virtually no effect on stress.

  • Normal circadian rhythms are important aspects to effective stress management.

  • Sleeping 12-14 hours significantly reduces the amount of stress you have.

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41. Which of the following best describes why exercise is an effective stress management technique?

Select one of the following:

  • Exercise allows you to exert maximum effort that reduces stress.

  • Exercise can alleviate stress through the release of endorphin's.

  • Aerobic exercise requires shallow breathing, which is the key to stress management.

  • Exercise increases the amount of adrenalin released that reduces the stress response.

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42. Which of the following coping techniques is based on detecting the difference between contracted and relaxed muscles?

Select one of the following:

  • quieting

  • self-hypnosis

  • the relaxation response

  • progressive muscle relaxation

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