Explain what is meant by ‘Global Culture’.
People in different
countries sharing the same norms/values/attitudes/products.
People in different countries liking the same type of music, movie, book, fast-food restaurant.
People in different countries having the same ethnicity/colour.
Identify two characteristics of folk culture.
Something traditional and authentic.
Something exiting and mainstream.
Something necessary and associated with pre-industrial societies.
Explain what is meant by the ‘nuclear’ family.
A pseudo-family made up of non-blood related people in the aftermath of a nuclear event.
A parent and children.
A family known for having aggressive members.
Explain what is meant by ‘Dependency Culture’.
A set of values and
beliefs centered on preferring to live on welfare benefits.
A set of values and beliefs centered on relying on acts of God.
A set of values and beliefs centered on using narcotics to function.
Suggest two functions of poverty.
Supplies criminals to the underworld and increases religious membership.
Provides a mechanism of social control and keeps wages down.
Reduces the victims of fraudsters and teaches people to be careful with their money.
Suggest two reasons for the fall in the infant mortality rate.
Better knowledge of hygiene/child health issues and better nutrition.
Super babies and stronger immune system.
Radiation neutralizing bacteria and improved medical knowledge.
Suggest two ways in which an individual’s leisure choices may be affected by their
Financial resources, physical demands of work.
Height, hair colour.
Car speed, penmanship.
Explain what is meant by the ‘matrifocal family’.
A family with a mattress as the head of family.
A family with a mother as the head of family.
A family with a father as the head of the family.
Explain what is meant by the ‘medicalisation’ of childbirth.
Treating childbirth as an illness.
Treating childbirth as medicine, helping women get over depression.
Treating childbirth as a medical condition.
Explain what is meant by the ‘operationalisation’ of sociological concepts.
Defining sociological concepts in such a way that they can be operated.
Defining sociological concepts in such a way that they can be studied.
Acting on social concepts you come up with.
Explain what is meant by a ‘subculture’.
A group that have their own norms and values that differ from mainstream society.
A group that have their own norms and values that revolve around the fast food chain Subway.
A group that constantly substitutes their own norms and values with that of different cultures.
Explain what is meant by the ‘dual burden’.
When a person is being burdened by more than one person.
A person has paid work but is also responsible for domestic labour.
A person who does work equivalent to that of two people.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘meritocracy’.
A system in which rewards are based on achievement/ability or similar.
A system in which rewards are based on wealth/ancestry or something similar.
A system in which rewards are based on ethnicity/religion or something similar.
Suggest two problems of covert participant observation.
Deceiving research subjects, lack of informed consent from research subjects.
Workers becoming hostile once cover is blown, attacking observer. Observer not being able to handle what he sees.
Observer defecting to the research subjects, revealing observation. Not reliable.
Suggest two reasons why leisure choices may vary across different age groups.
Different levels of mental development, different physical capabilities.
Different levels of income, social expectations.
Different emotions, different childhood.
Explain the difference between income and wealth.
Wealth is a stock of assets. Income is the amount of money one receives on a regular basis.
Wealth is the amount of money you earn. Income is the amount of money made in a lifetime.
Wealth is the total amount of an individual's spending power. Income is the money a person has accumulated in their lifetime.
Identify and briefly explain three characteristics of religious fundamentalism.
A belief in the literal truth of texts, resistance to change, a detestation of modernity.
A belief that theirs is the only true vision of the world, tolerance, can adapt to changes in society.
Belief in the face of a smiling God, extraterrestrials, and a reliance on guardians of tradition.
Explain what is meant by ‘net migration’.
The difference between the numbers emigrating and those immigrating.
The number of people emigrating being more than that of people immigrating.
The number of people immigrating being more than the number of people emigrating.
Explain what is meant by ‘primary’ data.
Data that sociologists gather for themselves/for their own purposes.
Data acquired by sociologists from documents.
A conclusion made by sociologists after observing a research subject.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘vocational’ education.
Relating to a career or specific work roles.
Relating to social roles during vacation.
Relating to a professional career.
Explain what is meant by ‘status’.
Position in society.
A video game character's various stats and current state of health.
The current state of a person or thing.
Identify two stereotypes that have been attached to people with disabilities.
Are independent, can play sports well.
Seen as dependent, non-sexual.
Other senses enhanced, contributes to society.
Suggest three sources from which ethnic groups may construct their identity.
History, religion, language.
Skill, strength, intelligence.
Geographical origin, experience, knowledge.
Explain what is meant by ‘serial monogamy’.
Having several long term partners in the course of one's life.
Having a lot of different partners while in a relationship.
A relationship between 2 people.
Explain what is meant by a ‘deprivation index’.
A list of items, with the lack of some being an indication of poverty.
A list of attributes, the lack of some indicating moral corruption.
A list of beliefs, a lack of some or all indicating that a person is an atheist, or agnostic.