Health Class spring 2014 chapter 4 test

Question 1 of 57

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1. Which of the following will occur when you establish a program of regular aerobic exercise?

Select one of the following:

  • You will lengthen your life.

  • Your heart and lungs will become stronger.

  • Your body will become more attractive.

  • Your sense of well-being will improve.

Question 2 of 57

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2. The fitness dimension that is considered basic to whole-body fitness is

Select one of the following:

  • flexibility

  • Muscular strength

  • Muscular endurance.

  • Cardiorespiratory endurance

Question 3 of 57

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3. Which of the following, when performed regularly, can most effectively increase the efficiency of
your cardiovascular system, improve your circulation, and strengthen your resistance to disease?

Select one of the following:

  • Napping

  • Meditation

  • Weight lifting

  • Jogging or brisk walking

Question 4 of 57

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4. Physical fitness as defined in your text is

Select one of the following:

  • The ability to engage in vigorous tasks and leisure activities

  • Full functionality of all parts of the body.

  • The ability to exercise without pain most days of the week.

  • A set of attributes that relates to the ability to perform physical activity.

Question 5 of 57

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5. Which of the following is TRUE regarding cardiorespiratory endurance? It is

Select one of the following:

  • Produced by short bursts of intense movement at regular intervals.

  • The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles.

  • The ability to perform repeated muscle contractions without fatigue.

  • The body’s alternative means of energy production when there is insufficient oxygen.

Question 6 of 57

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6. When you exercise to the point that the oxygen demands of the muscles cannot be met, your body
is using

Select one of the following:

  • The overload state.

  • Cardiorespiratory endurance.

  • Aerobic energy production.

  • Anaerobic energy production.

Question 7 of 57

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7. After oxygen deprivation occurs, to continue the activity, your body must use energy

Select one of the following:

  • static

  • Aerobic

  • Anaerobic

  • Pulmonary

Question 8 of 57

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8. Anaerobic literally means

Select one of the following:

  • Without strength.

  • Without oxygen.

  • Exhaustion.

  • Empty.

Question 9 of 57

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9. Which of the following is the BEST example of anaerobic activity?

Select one of the following:

  • Jogging

  • Walking

  • Sprinting

  • Bicycle touring

Question 10 of 57

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10. Which of the following BEST explains why a veteran distance runner can go farther and at a
faster pace than a beginning runner? The

Select one of the following:

  • Veteran runner has stronger muscles.

  • Beginning runner’s cardiorespiratory system is not as developed as the veteran runner’s.

  • Veteran runner has received more specialized training.

  • beg-inning runner has a less efficient distribution of body weight.

Question 11 of 57

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11. Your ability to maintain posture, lift, push, and pull are examples of

Select one of the following:

  • Muscular fitness.

  • Aerobic fitness.

  • flexibility fitness.

  • Agility fitness.

Question 12 of 57

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12. Gradually increasing the resistance that muscles have become accustomed to is the basis for the

Select one of the following:

  • Inertia

  • Overload

  • Anaerobic

  • Specificity

Question 13 of 57

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13. The strength-building exercise method that involves exerting force against immovable objects is

Select one of the following:

  • Isotension.

  • Isokinetic.

  • isometric.

  • Isotonic.

Question 14 of 57

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14. Cybex, Mini-Gym, and Biodex are machines used in which form of resistance training’!

Select one of the following:

  • isometric

  • Isotonic

  • Isostatic

  • Isokinetic

Question 15 of 57

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15. Dumbbells and barbells are used in which form of strength training?

Select one of the following:

  • Isotonic

  • Ballistic

  • Isokinetic

  • Isometric

Question 16 of 57

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16. Muscular endurance is BEST developed by increasing

Select one of the following:

  • Variety.

  • Resistance.

  • Repetitions.

  • Range of motion.

Question 17 of 57

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17. One advantage of isokinetic exercise is that

Select one of the following:

  • It encourages the user to work at maintaining balance while exercising.

  • The sound and feel of the exercise projects a “tough” image

  • Muscles are overloaded through the entire range of motion.

  • It is inexpensive and many individuals can participate

Question 18 of 57

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18. Carolina can move her shoulder joint through her natural range of motion. She has

Select one of the following:

  • A highly developed cardiorespiratory system.

  • flexibility at that particular joint.

  • Good muscular strength.

  • Muscular endurance at that joint.

Question 19 of 57

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19. The BEST combination of effectiveness and low risk for maintaining flexibility is a regular
program of

Select one of the following:

  • Static stretching.

  • Ballistic stretching.

  • Running and walking.

  • Tai chi chuan or similar discipline.

Question 20 of 57

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20. Body composition is an important concern because

Select one of the following:

  • The information helps to identify people who do not exercise.

  • Of the high incidence of obesity in the United States.

  • Without body composition data, certain exercises may do more harm than good.

  • A body composition assessment should accompany all exercise programs.

Question 21 of 57

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21. Cardiorespiratory endurance can best be achieved through all of the following EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Rollerblading.

  • Cross-country skiing.

  • Skating.

  • Golf

Question 22 of 57

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22. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations for achieving
cardiorespiratory fitness, the mode of activity should be

Select one of the following:

  • Intermittent and use mostly small muscles.

  • Anaerobic in nature and regular intervals.

  • Activities that develop flexibility.

  • Any continuous physical activity that uses large muscles

Question 23 of 57

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23. According to the ACSM, which activity would NOT meet the requirement for developing cardiorespiratory fitness?

Select one of the following:

  • Cycling

  • Softball

  • Dancing

  • Step training

Question 24 of 57

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24. One of the recommendations for helping you to continue with an exercise program is to

Select one of the following:

  • Make all components as consistent as possible.

  • Train in silence to help you concentrate.

  • Make it enjoyable.

  • Train alone.

Question 25 of 57

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25. To improve your cardiorespiratory fitness, you should exercise at least _ times per week.

Select one of the following:

  • two to four

  • Three to five

  • four to seven

  • One to five

Question 26 of 57

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26. Twenty-year-old Roger wants to begin an exercise program. As a young adult in good health
With no weight problems, to achieve significant aerobic conditioning benefits he should try to bring his
Heart rate during exercise to a sustained level of about beats per minute.

Select one of the following:

  • 220

  • 200

  • 160

  • 130

Question 27 of 57

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27. The ACSM recommends that a healthy adult exercise at an intensity level of

Select one of the following:

  • 50 percent of his maximum heart rate.

  • Between 55 and 80 percent of his maximum heart rate.

  • Between 40 and 75 percent of his maximum heart rate.

  • Between 64 and 91 percent of his maximum heart rate.

Question 28 of 57

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28. The phenomenon by which aerobic exercise strengthens the heart, lungs, and blood vessels is

Select one of the following:

  • Maximum heart rate.

  • The training effect.

  • The target heart rate.

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness.

Question 29 of 57

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29. To achieve a training effect, one must exercise at which one of the following intensity levels?

Select one of the following:

  • Target heart rate

  • Maximum heart rate

  • Minimum heart rate

  • 50 percent of maximum heart rate

Question 30 of 57

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30. Training at a level above your target heart rate will probably

Select one of the following:

  • Endanger your health.

  • Significantly raise your maximum heart rate

  • Produce fatigue before much cardiorespiratory benefit occurs.

  • Reduce the time needed to improve cardiorespiratory fitness.

Question 31 of 57

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31. Which of the following statements about training at a level below your target heart rate is MOST
Accurate? It will

Select one of the following:

  • Burn some extra calories.

  • Produce no health benefits.

  • Lower your target heart rate.

  • Lengthen the time needed to achieve a training effect.

Question 32 of 57

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32. Sean is exercising aerobically and wants to determine if he is training in his target heart rate
Range. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Select one of the following:

  • He should find an easily accessible artery, such as the carotid, to determine heart rate.

  • He should feel for his pulse on the inside of his wrist, just above the base of his pinky.

  • He should count the number of beats he feels in a fifteen—second period.

  • He should wear a heart rate monitor.

Question 33 of 57

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33. The ACSM recommends that exercise periods should last at least minutes.

Select one of the following:

  • 20-90

  • 15-30

  • 10-45

  • 40-60

Question 34 of 57

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34. The American College of Sports Medicine recognizes resistance training in its fitness guidelines As

Select one of the following:

  • Not being recommended for most people.

  • Important for strengthening the limbs.

  • Not being important to overall fitness.

  • Important to achieving overall fitness.

Question 35 of 57

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35. According to the ACSM, the goal of resistance training is to

Select one of the following:

  • Improve cardiorespiratory endurance.

  • Improve overall muscle strength and muscle endurance.

  • Allow an individual to become a competitive lifter.

  • Improve overall joint flexibility.

Question 36 of 57

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36. Robyn wants to increase her flexibility. What recommendation should she follow during stretching? She should

Select one of the following:

  • Bounce during each stretch to increase her range of motion.

  • Hold her breath, then exhale slowly through the stretch.

  • Warm up with slow, rhythmic movements prior to stretching.

  • Stretch beyond the point of pain to allow for greater flexibility.

Question 37 of 57

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37. Stretching should occur

Select one of the following:

  • Before warming up.

  • Before cooling down.

  • After warming up and after cooling down.

  • Before warming up and before cooling down.

Question 38 of 57

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38. One of the main benefits of a cool down period after exercise is to

Select one of the following:

  • Permit the heart to return to a resting state more rapidly.

  • Reduce the risk of sore muscles.

  • Reduce the risk of heart attack.

  • Reduce sweating.

Question 39 of 57

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39. Which of the following is TRUE regarding low back pain?

Select one of the following:

  • It tends to happen to many adults.

  • It is usually caused by postural problems.

  • It usually requires medical intervention.

  • It usually is an uncommon occurrence among adults.

Question 40 of 57

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40. People between the ages of 45 and 64 most commonly experience which of the following
Physical changes?

Select one of the following:

  • Significant immune suppression issues

  • Loss of some cognitive functions

  • Gradual degeneration in joint cartilage

  • An inability to maintain an activity at one's target heart rate

Question 41 of 57

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41. Which of the following conditions should Sue, who is postmenopausal, be most concerned about?

Select one of the following:

  • A decrease in adipose tissue

  • Loss of calcium from the bone

  • An unsatisfying sexual relationship with her partner

  • Trouble remembering what day it is

Question 42 of 57

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42. Which of the following is TRUE regarding women and calcium

Select one of the following:

  • Women tend to consume a sufficient amount of calcium.

  • Premenopausal women should take the recommended amount of 1,000-1,300 mg of calcium per

  • Postmenopausal women need to take between 800 and 1,000 mg of calcium per day.

  • Along with calcium, women need adequate vitamin E to aid in the absorption of calcium.

Question 43 of 57

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43. Although the exact mechanism is unknown, osteoporosis occurs when

Select one of the following:

  • The bones lose calcium.

  • Women experience menopause.

  • Undetected fractures spread to other sites in the bone.

  • Vitamin D is drawn from the bones for use elsewhere in the body.

Question 44 of 57

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44. How does exercise help to prevent osteoporosis? It

Select one of the following:

  • Maintains flexibility, the loss of which leads to osteoporosis.

  • Triggers the appetite for calcium-containing foods.

  • Increases the body’s output of estrogen

  • Helps to increase calcium deposition in bone.

Question 45 of 57

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45. Women who exercise regularly and whose diets include the recommended amounts of calcium
And vitamin D will have fewer problems with BLANK

Select one of the following:

  • Arthritis

  • Menopause

  • Osteoporosis

  • Joint Degeneration

Question 46 of 57

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46. Osteoarthritis

Select one of the following:

  • Is a form of arthritis that develops as we age

  • Is a form of osteoporosis that occurs mainly in men.

  • Occurs most often in the shoulder and wrist.

  • Has no genetic predisposition.

Question 47 of 57

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47. Scientists now believe that most people’s problems with osteoarthritis are caused by

Select one of the following:

  • Improper stretching and warm-up prior to exercise.

  • Injuries that were never allowed to heal properly.

  • Congenital joint defects.

  • Inherited tendencies.

Question 48 of 57

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48. Your knee begins to ache periodically from arthritis. If you seek medical treatment for it, the
doctor‘s main goal will be to

Select one of the following:

  • Make you more comfortable.

  • Eliminate the cause of the knee pain.

  • Repair any damage the arthritis has caused.

  • Prevent the arthritis from spreading to other joints.

Question 49 of 57

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49. A lifelong jogger has developed osteoarthritis in his hips. Which of the following is his doctor
MOST likely to recommend as initial treatment?

Select one of the following:

  • Hip replacement surgery

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs and continued activity

  • Painkillers and immobilizing the legs for one to two weeks

  • anti-inflammatory drugs and stopping all running and most walking

Question 50 of 57

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50. A reduction in the size of muscle fibers, related to the aging process is called

Select one of the following:

  • Isokinetic.

  • Regression.

  • Sarcopenia

  • isometric.

Question 51 of 57

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51. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services‘policy on physical
Activity, which of the following statements is the most true?

Select one of the following:

  • At least 100 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week can produce major health

  • An equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous physical activity can be used to achieve
    Significant health benefits.

  • Fifty minutes of vigorous physical activity per week can produce major health benefits.

  • There is no such thing as too much physical activity.

Question 52 of 57

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52. What recommendation should Tom, who is 56 years old, follow when beginning an exercise

Select one of the following:

  • He should train at the higher end of his target heart rate.

  • He should have a complete physical exam that includes a stress test.

  • He should begin to exercise by himself after reading a “how to” exercise book.

  • His exercise program should focus on physical conditioning.

Question 53 of 57

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53. Which of the following fitness programs would be LEAST appropriate for older adults?

Select one of the following:

  • Bicycling

  • Water aerobics

  • Golf

  • full-court basketball

Question 54 of 57

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54. You should always see a doctor before starting a new exercise program if you

Select one of the following:

  • Have a chronic disease.

  • Are over 35.

  • Have not exercised in two years.

  • Previously suffered an exercise—induced injury.

Question 55 of 57

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55. Max enjoys jogging five days per week, but now he often has pain in his knees, despite several
Shoe changes. He wants to reduce the pain and still stay in good shape. Which of the following is the
BEST option for Max now?

Select one of the following:

  • Rest for one week and then continue as before.

  • Eliminate the jogging and take up new forms of exercise.

  • Cut the number of weekly runs from five to three.

  • Replace some of his runs with low—impact activities.

Question 56 of 57

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56. Sports drinks might be preferred to water for fluid replacement during a prolonged and intense
fitness activity because they

Select one of the following:

  • Are absorbed by the system more quickly than water.

  • Also supply electrolytes and carbohydrates.

  • Satisfy thirst more effectively than water.

  • Stay fresh longer than water.

Question 57 of 57

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57. The improvement of your aerobic fitness capacity has been associated with a decreased risk of
Developing which types of cancer?

Select one of the following:

  • Pancreatic and lung

  • Breast and lung

  • Breast and colon

  • Breast and bone marrow


Health Class spring 2014 chapter 4 test

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Quiz on Health Class spring 2014 chapter 4 test, created by karlamcrae on 03/16/2014.

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