Practice Exam 1

Question 1 of 23

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The notion that health is governed by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors is referred to as the:

Select one of the following:

  • Medical Model

  • Multifactoral Model

  • Biopsychosocial Model

  • Interactive Model

Question 2 of 23

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Which of the following is not a method for practicing focus and flow?

Select one of the following:

  • Meditation

  • Mindfulness

  • Imagery

  • Analysis

  • Refocusing Plan

Question 3 of 23

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What percentage of psychology majors do not go into a psychology-related career?

Select one of the following:

  • 10-20%

  • 40-50%

  • 60-70%

  • 80-90%

Question 4 of 23

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As a sports psychologist, what would you suggest to a client who is having trouble with "choking" during his baseball games?

Select one of the following:

  • Think ahead and balance what is happening at the moment with what may happen later on

  • Analyze and evaluate mistakes

  • Practice Mindfulness-Acceptance Commitment

  • Practice Zone-Commitment exercises

  • Question the trustworthiness of his automatic reactions

Question 5 of 23

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Stereotypes:

Select one of the following:

  • Are widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group

  • Reflect normal cognitive processes that frequently are automatic

  • Tend to be broad overgeneralizations that ignore the diversity within social groups

  • All of the above

Question 6 of 23

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Ron Swanson tells Leslie Knope that the best place to get a flat tire is on a country road as compared to a highway. This advice relates to the psychological idea of

Select one of the following:

  • groupthink because she is put into danger by the large crowd of a highway

  • bystander effect because she is less likely to get help on the highway full of people

  • polarization because the drivers on a highway will be less likely to help her

  • observational learning because a driver on an empty country road is more likely to notice her

Question 7 of 23

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A father suggests that his son's low marks in school are due to the child's laziness. The father has made __________ attribution.

Select one of the following:

  • an external

  • an internal

  • a situational

  • a high consensus

  • a judgemental

Question 8 of 23

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The fundamental attribution error refers to the tendency of

Select one of the following:

  • observers to favor external attributions in explaining the behavior of others

  • observers to favor internal attributions in explaining the behavior of others

  • actors to favor external attributions in explaining the behavior of others

  • actors to favor internal attributions in explaining their behavior

Question 9 of 23

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Harry Potter wants very badly to ask Cho Chang for a date, but he is afraid to risk rejection. He is experiencing:

Select one of the following:

  • an approach-avoidance conflict

  • an avoidance-avoidance conflict

  • optimized arousal

  • conformity pressure

Question 10 of 23

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The four principal types of stress are

Select one of the following:

  • frustration, conflict, pressure, and anxiety

  • frustration, anger, pressure, and change

  • anger, anxiety, depression, and annoyance

  • frustration, conflict, pressure, and change

  • annoyance, change, anxiety, conflict, anger

Question 11 of 23

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The Kitty Genovese murder was infamous because 39 neighbors saw the brutal attack, and yet no one came to her aid or called the police. This is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • groupthink

  • bystander effect

  • conformity

  • obedience

Question 12 of 23

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Which of the following is not a strategy for performing at your peak?

Select one of the following:

  • Goal-setting

  • Imagery/Stimulation

  • Sufficient amount of distractions

  • Automatic coping skills

  • Thought control strategies

Question 13 of 23

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All of the following are differences between psychologists and therapists/counselors except

Select one of the following:

  • Salary

  • Experience and training

  • Ability to prescribe medicines

  • Employability and demand

  • Psychological testing

Question 14 of 23

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The results of Milgram's study imply that

Select one of the following:

  • in the real world, most people will refuse to follow orders to inflict harm on a stranger.

  • many people will obey an authority figure even if innocent people get hurt.

  • most people are willing to give obviously wrong answers when ordered to do so.

  • most people stick to their own judgment, even when group members unanimously agree.

Question 15 of 23

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Cathy is an average freshman at UNC and is getting stressed about rushing sororities, but she can't seem to be cheerful at the events because of the distress over her and her boyfriend's breakup. She turns to alcohol and hardcore partying with friends to cope; she also thinks it will help her to win a bid if she seems like a fun partyer. She is most likely to head down the pathway of

Select one of the following:

  • Anger-Dependence

  • Deviance-Proneness

  • Stress-Negative

  • Anxiety-Negative

  • Pressure-Acceptance

Question 16 of 23

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Which of the following variables does not tend to facilitate persuasion?

Select one of the following:

  • Source credibility

  • Source trustworthiness

  • Forewarning of the receiver

  • A two-sided argument

Question 17 of 23

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Miley Sirus had too much fun and too much to drink at the house party tonight. She is having trouble walking, experiencing disorientation, and couldn't feel it when she ran into the cab car. She is most likely has a BAC level of

Select one of the following:

  • .08

  • .13-.15

  • .16-.19

  • .21

Question 18 of 23

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Cognitive dissonance theory predicts that after people engage in behavior that contradicts their true feelings, they will:

Select one of the following:

  • convince themselves they didn't really perform the behavior

  • change their attitude to make it more consistent with their behavior

  • change their attitude to make it less consistent with their behavior

  • do nothing

  • eat a bucket of cookie dough ice cream and cry

Question 19 of 23

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Groupthink occurs when members of a cohesive group

Select one of the following:

  • are initially unanimous about an issue

  • stress the importance of caution in group decision making

  • emphasize the occurrence at the expense of critical thinking in arriving at a decision

  • shift toward a less extreme position after group discussion

  • All of the above

Question 20 of 23

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Lord Tyrion really dislikes Little Finger. After a late night discussion with some female "companions" who also dislike him, the group has deepened their hate for the former Master of Coin even further. This an example of

Select one of the following:

  • groupthink

  • group polarization

  • group cohesiveness

  • bystander effect

Question 21 of 23

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The natural yielding to social pressure was exhibited by the

Select one of the following:

  • Asch Experiment

  • Milgram Experiment

  • Marshall Erikson Experiment

  • Olds and Milner Experiment

  • Freud Experiment

Question 22 of 23

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Which of the following is not an example of a common DSM-IV Symptom?

Select one of the following:

  • Tolerance

  • Alcohol use despite social problems

  • Drinking more and longer than intended

  • Withdraw

Question 23 of 23

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Daryl's dad is a violent alcoholic, and his mother died when he was young. A freshman in high school, Daryl began skipping classes to hang out with his new group of friends who are very into underage drinking and smoking. He has been failing his classes, but his father is too much of a wreck to care. Which pathway is Daryl headed down?

Select one of the following:

  • Stress-Negative

  • Deviance-Proneness

  • Apathy-Learned

  • Relation-Positive

  • Pressure-Proneness

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Practice Exam 1

mjheg
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

Psych 101 Quiz on Practice Exam 1, created by mjheg on 02/05/2013.

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