Dissonance Theory

Question 1 of 11

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In particular, what type of dissonance was Festinger (1957) interested in?

Select one of the following:

  • One cognition refers to own behaviour and the other the value of that behaviour

  • One cognition refers to own attitude and the other the value of that attitude

  • One cognition refers to own behaviour and the other an attitude

  • One cognition refers to an attitude and the other an incongruent behaviour

Question 2 of 11

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Two cognitions can be (a) these feel (b), but they can also be (c) and feel (d)

Select one of the following:

  • (a) consonant, (b) good, (c) dissonant, (d) bad

  • (a) consonant, (b) bad, (c) dissonant, (d) good

  • (a) consonant, (b) good, (c) dissonant, (d) good

  • (a) consonant, (b) bad, (c) dissonant, (d) bad

Question 3 of 11

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What are the two main ways to reduce dissonance?

Select one of the following:

  • (1) Change one of the dissonant cognitions
    (2) Add new consonant cognitions

  • (1) Change one of the dissonant cognitions
    (2) Engage in other behaviours to distract self from dissonance

  • (1) Change both dissonant cognitions
    (2) Add new consonant cognitions

  • (1) Change both dissonant cognitions
    (2) Engage in other behaviours to distract self from dissonance

Question 4 of 11

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What are the 3 main research paradigms used to study dissonance?

Select one of the following:

  • (1) Induced Compliance Paradigm
    (2) Effort Justification Paradigm
    (3) Free Choice Paradigm

  • (1) The Dissonance Paradigm
    (2) Effort Justification Paradigm
    (3) Free Choice Paradigm

  • (1) Induced Compliance Paradigm
    (2) Alternate Cognitions Paradigm
    (3) Free Choice Paradigm

  • (1) The Dissonance Paradigm
    (2) Alternate Cognitions Paradigm
    (3) Free Choice Paradigm

Question 5 of 11

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What is the main factor of the Induced Compliance Paradigm?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants asked to do something counterattitudinal and are induced to comply with experimenters request

  • Participants asked to do something proattitudinal and are induced to comply with experimenters request

  • Participants asked to do something counterattitudinal and are induced to agree with experimenter's views

  • Participants asked to do something proattitudinal and are induced to agree with experimenter's views

Question 6 of 11

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What do results of experiments using the Induced Compliance Paradigm usually find?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants asked to perform counterattitudinal behaviour will feel dissonance unless there is strong justification for their actions

  • Participants asked to perform counterattitudinal behaviour will feel dissonance despite whether there is strong justification for their actions

  • Participants asked to perform proattitudinal behaviour will feel dissonance unless there is strong justification for their actions

  • Participants asked to perform proattitudinal behaviour will feel dissonance despite whether there is strong justification for their actions

Question 7 of 11

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An example of the Induced Compliance Paradigm is Festinger and Mills (1959). (a) What did they do? and (b) what did they find?

Select one of the following:

  • (a) Participants did a boring task and were told to tell other participants it was fun. They were paid nothing, $1 or $20.
    (b) Those paid $1 rated the boring task as more enjoyable

  • (a) Participants did a boring task and were told to tell other participants it was fun. They were paid nothing, $1 or $20.
    (b) Those paid $20 rated the boring task as more enjoyable

  • (a) Participants did a fun task and were told to tell other participants it was fun. They were paid nothing, $1 or $20.
    (b) Those paid $1 rated the fun task as less enjoyable

  • (a) Participants did a fun task and were told to tell other participants it was fun. They were paid nothing, $1 or $20.
    (b) Those paid $20 rated the fun task as less enjoyable

Question 8 of 11

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What is usually the main finding in experiments using the Effort Justification Paradigm?

Select one of the following:

  • Dissonance is experienced when individual makes considerable effort to achieve goal that may not be worthwhile

  • Dissonance is experienced when an individual does not make effort to achieve a goal that may be worthwhile

  • Dissonance is experienced when an individual does not make effort to achieve a goal that may not be worthwhile

  • Dissonance is experienced when individual makes considerable effort to achieve goal that may be worthwhile

Question 9 of 11

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Arson and Mills (1959) did an experiment using the Effort Justification Paradigm. (a) What did they do? and (b) What did they find?

Select one of the following:

  • (a) Sexual discussion, stage 1 severe, mild or control, stage 2 boring discussion on animal sex
    (b) Those in severe condition rated boring discussion as more enjoyable

  • (a) Sexual discussion, stage 1 severe, mild or control, stage 2 boring discussion on animal sex
    (b) Those in severe condition rated boring discussion as less enjoyable

  • (a) Sexual discussion, stage 1 severe, mild or control, stage 2 interesting discussion on animal sex
    (b) Those in severe condition rated interesting discussion as more enjoyable

  • (a) Sexual discussion, stage 1 severe, mild or control, stage 2 interesting discussion on animal sex
    (b) Those in severe condition rated interesting discussion as less enjoyable

Question 10 of 11

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What is the main finding usually found in experiments using the Free Choice Paradigm?

Select one of the following:

  • After making decision individuals almost always experience dissonance: The chosen option has some negatives and the rejected option some positives. This leads to Post Decisional Spreading of Alternatives - rating chosen higher and rejected lower.

  • After making decision individuals almost always experience dissonance: The chosen option has some negatives and the rejected option some positives. This leads to Post Decisional Spreading of Alternatives - rating chosen lower and rejected higher.

  • After making decision individuals almost always experience dissonance: The chosen option has more positives and the rejected more negatives. This leads to Post Decisional Spreading of Alternatives - rating chosen lower and rejected higher.

  • After making decision individuals almost always experience dissonance: The chosen option has more positives and the rejected more negatives. This leads to Post Decisional Spreading of Alternatives - rating chosen higher and rejected lower.

Question 11 of 11

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Zanna and Cooper (1974) devised a clever experiment to study role of arousal in dissonance effects. (a) What did they do? and (b) What did they find?

Select one of the following:

  • (a) Gave participants pills that were told to arouse, relax or do nothing. Participants had to write counterattitudinal essay under "high" or "low" choice conditions. Then rated favourablility of essay topic
    (b) Arousal pill, attitudes did not change, Relax pill attitude changed under "high" choice.

  • (a) Gave participants pills that were told to arouse, relax or do nothing. Participants had to write counterattitudinal essay under "high" or "low" choice conditions. Then rated favourablility of essay topic
    (b) Arousal pill, attitudes did not change, Relax pill attitude changed under "low" choice.

  • (a) Gave participants pills that were told to arouse, relax or do nothing. Participants had to write counterattitudinal essay under "high" or "low" choice conditions. Then rated favourablility of essay topic
    (b) Arousal pill, attitudes became more favourable, Relax pill attitude changed under "high" choice.

  • (a) Gave participants pills that were told to arouse, relax or do nothing. Participants had to write counterattitudinal essay under "high" or "low" choice conditions. Then rated favourablility of essay topic
    (b) Arousal pill, attitudes became more favourable, Relax pill attitude changed under "low" choice.

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Dissonance Theory

c_somers08
Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

BSc PS407 Social Psychology (Persuasion and Attitude Change (Chapter 6)) Quiz on Dissonance Theory, created by c_somers08 on 23/03/2014.

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