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What is true regarding cross-sectional studies?
At least one variable is manipulated.
It takes place at a single point in time.
It is known as causal research.
Data is usually gathered through self-administered questionnaires.
In an interrogation study the researcher inspects the activities of subjects without attempting to elicit responses from anyone.
Statement I: "Case studies are designed for breadth rather than depth."
Statement II: "In case studies hypotheses are usually tested quantitatively."
Statement I is true and statement II is false.
Statement I is false and statement II is true.
Both statements are true.
Both statements are false.
Possible methods of qualitative research are:
"A price increase results in fewer unit sales."
What kind of relationship between the variables do we have here?
A symmetrical relationship.
A reciprocal relationship.
An asymmetrical relationship.
None of the above.
A population, about we wish to make some inferences, consists of 8000 employees of a dutch company. A census study would obtain information from ...
... 4000 of these employees.
... 8000 of these employees.
... 2000 of these employees.
... at least 75% of these employees.
Identify the non-probability sampling designs.
Statement I: "Cluster sampling divides the population into few sub-groups, each with many elements in it."
Statement II: "Stratified sampling tries to secure homogeneity within sub-groups and heterogeneity between sub-groups."
Statement I is true and Statement II is false.
Statement I is false and Statement II is true.
What is a disadvantage of web-based surveys?
Illustrations cannot be used.
Follow-up is labour-intensive.
Cannot be long or complex.
What was the name of the guest lecturer?
Identify secondary data sources.
What is deception?
Participants are told only part of the truth.
Two variables are manipulated.
The sponsor's right to privacy is violated.
Falsification of results.
The variable "gender" has two attributes. What is the right level of measurement here?
Height and weight are examples for the following measurement scale:
A bathroom scale overweigh you by 3 pounds every day.
The bathroom scale is not reliable and not valid.
The bathroom scale is reliable but not valid.
The bathroom scale is reliable and valid.
The bathroom scale is not reliable but it is valid.
I am fat.
If the data-collection instrument adequatly covers the topics that have been defined as the relative dimensions, we conclude that the instrument has ...
... good content validity.
... good construct validity.
... good subject validity.
... good criterion-related validity.
Practicality has been defined as ...
... economy, convenience and interpretability.
... research results are applicable immediately.
Statement I: "Consensus scales are constructed from inter-correlations of items from other studies."
Statement II: "Arbitrary scales are custom-designed to measure a property or indicant."
Statement I is true, Statement II is false.
Statement I is false, Statement II is true.
Both statements are false.
The semantic differential scale ...
... measures the psychological meanings of an attitude object.
... offers two mutually exclusive response choices.
... offers multiple options for the rater but only one answer is sought.
... consists of statements that express either a favourable or unfavourable attitude towards the object of interest.
The equal-appearing interval scale refers to ...
... arbitrary scales.
... consensus scales.
... cumulative scales.
... factor scales.
A systematic bias that the rater introduces by carrying over a generalized impression of the subject from one rating to another.
error of leniency
Cronbach's alpha is a widely used indicator to test ...
... how well different scales form one questionnaire.
... how well different items form one scale.
... how well different constructs form one item.
none of the above
What kind of questions reveal the specific pieces of information that managers feel they need to know in order to answer the research question.
Identify the following hypothesis: "Member states of the EU are experiencing budget difficulties."
Identify the following hypothesis: "Foreign cars are perceived by japanese customers to be better quality than domestic cars."
... is concluded because it is believed that it has significant contributory on the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable.
... is a generally accepted collection of meanings or characteristics associated with certain events, objects, conditions or situations.
Interpretivism does not attach great importance to generalizability of findings.