Environmental Health Quiz!

Question 1 of 48

Medal-premium 1

WHO states that Air Pollution is...

Select one of the following:

  • The contamination of indoor/outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere

  • The contamination of the outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere

  • The contamination of the indoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere

  • The contamination of indoor/outdoor environment by chemical agents that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere

Question 2 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following do WHO (2013) describe as sources or air pollution?

Select one or more of the following:

  • opening tins of baked beans

  • household combustion devices

  • motor vehicles

  • electric wheelchairs

  • industrial facilities

  • forest fires

Question 3 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following pollutants of major public health concern as described by WHO (2013)?

Select one or more of the following:

  • particulate matter 40 and particulate matter 10

  • particulate matter 10 and particulate matter 2.5

  • carbon monoxide

  • carbon dioxide

  • nitrogen dioxide

  • sulphur dioxide

  • ozone

Question 4 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Climate change, acid rain and ozone layer damage are consequences of air pollution because

Select one of the following:

  • air pollution is transboundary

  • air pollution stops abides by country air space laws creating environmental problems for only that country

Question 5 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What two principles are embedded into The Rio Convention, Agenda 21, The Air Quality Framework Directive (EU), The Kyoto Protocol and The Montreal Protocol?

Select one of the following:

  • The Preemptive Principle and the Polluter Plays Principle

  • The Precautionary Principle and the Polluter Pays Principle

  • The Precautionary Principle and the Principle of Non-contradiction

  • The Precautionary Principle and the Isle of Man College Principal, Ronald Barr

Question 6 of 48

Medal-premium 1

"A property or situation that in particular circumstances could lead to harm"
What does this describe?

Select one of the following:

  • Chelsea winger, Eden Hazard

  • Hazard Community and Technical College, Kentucky

  • A Hazard

Question 7 of 48

Medal-premium 1

A risk defines:

Select one of the following:

  • the probability that a good situation could occur in a give period of time

  • the joint between your hand and arm

  • the probability that and adverse situation could occur in a give period of time

Question 8 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Risk Assessment is defined as a study of decisions to uncertain consequences. It involves which 5 stages out of the following...

Select one or more of the following:

  • identification of outcomes

  • estimation of probability of outcomes

  • informing public health

  • identification of risks

  • assessing the significance of risk

  • estimation of magnitude of consequences

Question 9 of 48

Medal-premium 1

"linking risk estimation and evaluation to implementation of decisions to minimise risk" describes what?

Select one of the following:

  • Risk Management

  • Risk Aversion

  • Risky Business

  • Risk Quotiant

Question 10 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What does the Food Safety Act (1990) say to not do which three of the following?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Render food injurious to health

  • Sell food which is not of the nature/substance/quality expected

  • Sell food without a best before date

  • Sell food not complying with food safety requirements

  • Sell alcohol with ingredients listed on the container

Question 11 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The Food Safety Authority inspect and enforce the Food Safety Act (1990) through their three groups; the Food Safety Policy Group, the Enforcement and Food Standards Group and the Corporate Resources and Strategy Group. True or False?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 12 of 48

Medal-premium 1

An activity which involves obtaining information about EMPLOYEES health and which helps protect employees from health risks describes what feature of environmental health?

Select one of the following:

  • Health Surveillance

  • Screening

  • Health Promotion

Question 13 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which 3 of the following best describe the goals of Health Surveillance?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Protecting the health of employers by early detection of adverse changes or disease

  • Collecting data for detecting or evaluating health hazards

  • To look out for industrial diseases employers may be responsible for.

  • Protecting the health of employees by early detection of adverse changes or disease

  • Evaluating control measures.

Question 14 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The assumptions of public health are:
1. there is a disease associated with the substance in use (e.g. Asthma, Dermatitis, Cancers);
2. it is possible to detect the disease or adverse change and reduce the risk of further harm;
3. the conditions in the workplace make it likely that the disease will appear.
...True or False?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 15 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What involves studying of factors and influences of the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes?

Select one of the following:

  • Ethology

  • Epidemiology

  • Edaphology

Question 16 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What is "an event, characteristic or condition that precedes a disease without which the disease or condition would not have occurred"?

Select one of the following:

  • Cause

  • Risk

  • Consequence

Question 17 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What is "attribute or circumstance that effects the liability of an individual to be exposed or when exposed to develop the disease or condition"?

Select one of the following:

  • A Variable

  • A Determinant

  • A Risk

Question 18 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What is "a factor significantly associated both with the cause and disease in the population, but not the cause itself e.g. smoking/cancer"?

Select one of the following:

  • Risk

  • Cause

  • Confounding Variable

Question 19 of 48

Medal-premium 1

An Absolute Risk can be described as "incidence of disease within a defined population"; True or False?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 20 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The difference between incidence rates in exposed and non-exposed groups is known as...

Select one of the following:

  • A Risk

  • An Attributable Risk

Question 21 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Do Descriptive Studies "Demonstrates patterns of disease and associations within a population. They can track mortality or morbidity over time and compare incidence/prevalence between regions or groups with different characteristics e.g. occupation"?

Select one of the following:

  • No

  • Yes

Question 22 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Read the following:
"Data can be analysed from data that is routinely collected, however specific studies are sometime required to obtain data using surveys, as routine data collection might not be in a usable format, have variations in diagnostic criteria and have gaps or inconsistencies.

Designed studies must be aware of error and bias, including subject variation, observer variation and limitations of the surveying methodologies including sample size, validity and randomness."
Does this best describe pros and cons of:

Select one of the following:

  • Descriptive Studies

  • Illustrative Studies

Question 23 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What does the following best describe:
"Longitudinal study where a group/population is identified as being possibly exposed to an agent under investigation. It may take many years and aims to identify the characteristics of those who develop the disease?"

Select one of the following:

  • Cohort Study

  • Case-Control Study

Question 24 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What does the following best describe:
"Longitudinal study where a group/population is identified as being possibly exposed to an agent under investigation. It may take many years and aims to identify the characteristics of those who develop the disease?"

Select one of the following:

  • Cohort Study

  • Case-control Study

Question 25 of 48

Medal-premium 1

There are four main pieces of legislation/directives associated with food safety. Select four.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Food Act (1997)

  • Food Hygiene Regulations (2007)

  • The Food Law (2012)

  • Foodstuffs Directive (89/397/ECC)

  • The "Scoffing Omnomnom" Directive (09/121/ECC)

  • Food Standards Act (1999)

Question 26 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Involved in product specific management, what does this describe:
"Identification and control of microbiological, chemical and physical food safety hazards during product development"?

Select one of the following:

  • CCP

  • HACCP

  • HAZMAT

Question 27 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following are the 7 principles of HACCP?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Establish corrective actions to be taken if a CCP is not under control;

  • Establish procedures to monitor the CCPs;

  • Establish documents and records to demonstrate the effective application of the above measures

  • Establish a communication with public health and the media in case of the need to recall a product

  • Establish procedures to verify whether the above procedures are working effectively

  • Identify any hazards that must be prevented eliminated or reduced;

  • Identify the critical control points (CCPs) at the steps at which control is essential;

  • Establish critical limits at CCPs

Question 28 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Three of the microbiological hazards that may contaminate meat during production might include...

Select one or more of the following:

  • Salmonella

  • E. coli 0157

  • Musa acuminata

  • Campylobacter

  • Mellivora capensis

Question 29 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Why are meat-borne pathogens potentially risky to consumers?

Select one or more of the following:

  • They are the same colour as the meat?

  • They are too small to be seen

  • They make the meat taste nicer

  • They have no odour

Question 30 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What is the risk in the following?
"Although thorough cooking kills most bacteria, meat may be handled by lots of people before it is cooked..."

Select one of the following:

  • the bacteria will stay on plates even after washing

  • the bacteria will spread to other foods

  • the people will wipe of all the bacteria onto their hands while they handle the meat

Question 31 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Extraction
Storage
Screening
Coagulation
Floculation
Sedimentation
Filtration
Disinfection
are the eight step involved in...

Select one of the following:

  • sewage treatment

  • air purification

  • water treatment

Question 32 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The Six Steps of Wastewater Treatment include...

Select one or more of the following:

  • Screening

  • Grit removal

  • Sedimentation

  • Activated sludge

  • Bacteria beds

  • Odour identification

  • Tertiary filtration

  • Deactivated sludge

Question 33 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Monitoring water involves looking for nitrates, pesticides and cryptosporidium. True or False?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 34 of 48

Medal-premium 1

In addition to monitoring nitrates, pesticides and cryptosporidium, monitoring river water includes looking at suspended solids, biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). True or false?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 35 of 48

Medal-premium 1

What works on the Isle of Man was influenced by the Water Bathing Directive and UK Blue Flag Scheme?

Select one of the following:

  • The works at the Pulrose/Peel Road traffic lights?

  • The addition of a steam turbine at Pulrose Power Station

  • The IRIS Scheme

  • Jurby Sewage Treatment Works

Question 36 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following EU Directives are NOT concerned with water

Select one of the following:

  • Drinking water directive (98/83/EC)

  • Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC)

  • Exploitation & marketing of natural mineral water Directive (2009/54/EC)

  • Drinking water abstraction directive (75/440/EEC)

Question 37 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The basic principle of managing the
hydrological cycle, through supply, distribution and waste control.

Intregrated water management involves the basic principle of managing the
hydrological cycle, through supply, distribution and waste control. Areas of control DOES NOT include:

Select one of the following:

  • catchment areas

  • rivers systems

  • domestic leaks

  • estuarine environments

Question 38 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which three departments/bodies are involved in the provision of safe and secure drinking water?

Select one or more of the following:

  • OFSTED

  • OFWAT

  • DWI

  • Environment Agency

Question 39 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Making waste work (1995), and the Waste Strategy 2000 had 4 main points:

Select one or more of the following:

  • reduction biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) 75% by 2010

  • recycle or compost 17% household waste by 2004

  • increase overall household waste

  • reduce levels of industrial waste going to landfill by 85% of 1998 levels by 2005

  • to recover 40% of municipal waste by 2005, 45% by 2010 and 67% by 2015

Question 40 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which three of the following best describe waste?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Any substance that constitutes scrap material or effluent or other unwanted surplus substance arising from the application of any process

  • Any substance or article which requires to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled

  • It can be divided into sub-areas household, controlled, industrial, commercial municipal and hazardous.

  • Those items not accepted by an amenity site or charity shop

Question 41 of 48

Medal-premium 1

minimise the amount of waste produced, make best use of remaining waste and minimise pollution from waste are the objectives of what?

Select one of the following:

  • Watewater Management Planning

  • Waste Management Planning

  • Waist Management Planning

Question 42 of 48

Medal-premium 1

"Sustainable Development: The UK Strategy, 1994" was produced after...

Select one of the following:

  • The Great London Smog of 1952

  • The Earth Summit in Rio in 1992

  • McDonald's opening its first restaurant in the UK in Woolwich in south London, in October 1974.

Question 43 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The waste management hierarchy is made up of 5 components. Which of the following is NOT part of the waste management hierarchy

Select one of the following:

  • Reduce

  • Recycle

  • Reuse

  • Transport

  • Energy recovery

  • Dispose

Question 44 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Local Authorities and Environmental Health have 5 key joint duties.
• refuse collection,
• disposal sites, allocation planning & monitoring,
• hazardous & clinical waste
• monitoring of street cleaning & litter
• education
True or False?

Select one of the following:

  • True

  • False

Question 45 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following documents do not relate to waste management

Select one of the following:

  • Controlled Waste Regulations (1992)

  • Making waste work: A strategy for sustainable waste management in
    England and Wales (1995),

  • EU Waste Incineration Directive 2000/76/EC

  • EU Landfill Directive 2002

  • Hazardous Waste Directive 91/689/EEC

  • DETR Report of Composting Development Group (1999)

  • The Waste Incineration (England and Wales) Regulations 2002.

  • Waste Strategy 2000

  • Landfill Regulations 2002

  • Tobacco Advertising Directive (IP/02/1788)

Question 46 of 48

Medal-premium 1

The WHO (2013) definition of environmental health includes which of the following?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, & all the related factors impacting behaviours

  • Excludes behaviour not related to environment, as well as behaviour related to the social and cultural environment, and genetics.

  • It no longer excludes the health of animals and pets

  • It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health.

  • It includes not only the health of those in the environment, but the health of the environment itself

  • It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments.

Question 47 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Royal Commission for Environmental Health are targets and frameworks for delivery by 2020 and are to include:

Select one or more of the following:

  • democracy, information, integration and sustainable development

  • holistic approaches, quality of life, inequality, lifestyle and globalisation

  • cost effective, evidence based, job creation and global enforcement

Question 48 of 48

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following describe the six principles of environmental health?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Environmental health issues are international

  • Sustainable development: policy integration, partnership and appropriate scale

  • Co-operation & partnership

  • The maintenance and improvement of human condition is at the centre of all environmental action.

  • Disadvantaged groups within society are often live in the worst housing, have the most dangerous jobs and limited food.

  • Health of the environment, not just the people who live in it

  • Effective management comes from adopting democratic principles

Icon_fullscreen

Environmental Health Quiz!

Sami-Jaine
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

BSc (Hons) Environmental Health Quiz on Environmental Health Quiz!, created by Sami-Jaine on 03/05/2013.

Eye 1607
Pin 1
Balloon-left 0
Tags
Sami-Jaine
Created by Sami-Jaine over 3 years ago
Close