What were the main causes of revolution between 1820 and 1821?
Middle Class discontent with censorship and limited freedom of speech
King Ferdinand's Actions
Victor Emmanuel's reactionary rule
External Factors ie Spanish revolution 1820
Inspiration from Pope Pius IX
Liberals wanted to persuade their rulers to grant constitutions in Modena and Parma in which years?
Inspiration from the Pope influenced who?
Rulers of Tuscany and Piedmont
Victor Emmanuel I
Was the Church a major factor in bringing about revolution in 1831-32?
Discontentment of liberals and nationalists led to revolution in 1848 -49. What were the common demands of these two groups?
Some degree of independence from Austria
Unification of individual states into 'Italy'
For Italy to become a Republic
For the Pope to become the leader of Italy
For Mazzini to be the leader of Italy
Mazzini's coups in the 1830s were successful
The failed harvests of 1846-47 affected the majority of the Italian population
The revolution in Venetia led to the downfall of the Austrain Chancellor Metternich
The revolution in Vienna was an influence of revolution in 1848-49