What is EWT?
What are the 3 stages of EW memory?
How do memory distortions affect the complete truth?
What does the Innocence project claim?
How are leading questions an explanation of inaccuracies of EWT?
Why might leading Qs affect EW's ability to judge speed of vehicles?
What was surprising about what Marshal (1969) found about Air Force personnel?Give an explanation for these surprising results
What did Filmore (1971) say about differential rates of movement and how these led the listener to assume different consequences of impact?
What did L+P aim to investigate with their leading questions?
What were the aims of the first and second questions?
How many students were there in the exp 1 and what were they shown?
What happened to the participants after each clip?
What was the critical question?
How many students in exp 2 and what were they shown?
What were group 1, 2 and 3 asked?
What happened in part 2 of the experiment and what was the point of it?
What values were calculated for exp 1?
What were the estimates for the following words:collided, bumped and hit
What were these findings attributed to?
What were the findings for part 1 of exp 2?
What were the findings for part 2 for the following words: smashed, hit
What explanation was proposed about the critical word by L+P for these findings?
What was the point of the 2nd exp?
What happened in the "smashed" condition that makes it appear so severe?
What do the findings of exp 2 suggest about leading Qs?
How do these findings link to verbal labels?
What does the use of a lab exp allow in this study?
What do the standardised procedures in this exp suggest about replicability and reliability? - give an example..
What may the mean score be unreliable or invalid?
How do demand characteristics play a part?
Why does this experiment have low population and ecological validity?
How were consent and deception an issue in this exp and what justifies the issue in this exp?
Was there any harm caused to the participants?
What were the conclusions of Loftus and Zanni's (1975) exp and how does this address a criticism of L+P's exp?
How do Loftus and Zanni's exp support L+P?
What were Loftus's (1979) findings?
How do Loftus's (1979) contradict L+P's research?
What did Yullie and Cutshall find?
How are Yullie and Cutshall's exp and improvement over L+P's research and how do their findings contradict L+P's research?
What were Braun et al (2002) findings?
How do braun et al's research develop L+P's?