What is the function of the kidney?
What capsule surrounds the kidney?
What are the two major regions in the kidney?
What two parts form the cortex of the kidney?
Which part of the nephron are in the cortical labyrinth of the cortex?
What parts of the nephron are in the medullary rays of the cortex?
True or false: the countercurrent exchange system is held in the medulla of the kidney.
Where are caps of cortical tissue found in the medulla?
What does the renal artery branch into?
When the arteries are between the medulla and the cortex what are they called?
What is the difference in vasculature in cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons (specifically the laters part of the vasculature)?
What is the nephron? What is it responsible for?
What makes up the renal corpuscle?
What is the glomerulus?
What percentage of the fenestrated capillaries of the glomerulus do pores occupy?
What is the layer of epithelial cells called that coats the blood vessels in the bowmans capsule (coats the glomerulus)? What are their main features?
What makes up the filtration membrane of the glomerulus?
What cannot be filtered by the glomerulus?
What is the function of intraglomerular mesangial cells?
What is the name given to extraglomerular mesangial cells?
True or false: the tubular and collecting systems in the kidney are made up of more than just a single layer of epithelial cells.
Which part of the nephron is the major site of resorption?What kind of epithelia lines this part of the nephron?
What are some of the special features of the PCT to allow it to perform resorption of substances?
What is reabsorbed in the PCT?
What does the permeability of the thick and thin parts of the loop of henle depend on?
What kind of epithelial cells line the thin limb of the loop of hence?
What kind of epithelial cells line the thick segments of the L of H?
What three things make up the distal tubules of the nephron in the kidney?
What kind of epithelial cells line the DCT? What are some of the special characteristic of the DCT to assist its function?
Which part of the kidney is the main site of resorption of Na?
What are the two types of cells in the collecting duct?
What three types of cells form the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
What are macula densa cells sensitive to? What is the difference in their epithelia?
Where would you find juxtaglomerular cells and how are they modified?
Where are lacis cells found?
What are the two types of cells in the collecting duct? What are their functions.
Once urine has been transported through the collecting ducts where does it flow in to?
What kind of epithelium is found in extra renal tubes? How it is specialised for its function?