H.I - Any infection acquired from a hospital or related setup
What's the different between a Community Infection and a Nosocomial Infection?
The first is acquired from a community setup (i.e a sports centre) the second shows symptoms within 24 hours of hospitalisation
The second is acquired from a community setup (i.e a sports centre) the first shows symptoms within 24 hours of hospitalisation
Which pathogens make up 25% of H.I Infections?
Which of the following does NOT make up 50% of H.I infections?
Coagulase -ve Staph.
In H.Is, the infecting species are not usually associated with human infection
What % of all H.Is are multidrug resistant?
What is the main source of HIs?
Who would be part of the infection control committee?
Antibiotic Poilicy- Which AnBis should be used and when to keep costs down
What is the difference between positive and negative pressure rooms?
+ve- keep all air inside the room to prevent pathogens leaving
-ve keep all air out of the room to protect the immunocompromised
-ve- keep all air inside the room to prevent pathogens leaving
+ve keep all air out of the room to protect the immunocompromised
What do infection control policies usually cover?
Surveillance/general measures i.e. cleaning
How are Catheter Associated Bloodstream Infections classified?
The presence of biofilms on the catheter
The presence of actively dividing bacteria in the blood
The presence of actively dividing bacteria at the exquipment site
The most common cause of Catheter Ass. Blood. Infections is Coagulase -ve Staph.
How do the bacteria usually enter the blood?
From biofilms on equipment
I couldn't think of anything else
The main complication with Cath. Ass. Blood. Infections is that the bacteria 'metastasise' and spread to organs/deep tissue
Which of the following are important in preventing Cass. Ass. Blood. Infections
Daily line review
Maximum barrier precaution on insertion
Rubbing dirt in the wound
Name two differences between Catheter Ass. Bloodstream Infections and Catheter Ass. UTIs
Cutoff for UTI infection is lower
In UTIs, local symptoms are not as pronounced
Cutoff for Blood. infection is lower
In Blood Infections, local symptoms are not as pronounced
The most common agent for Cath. Ass. UTIs is Antibiotic resistant E.coli
Which of the following as a major complication in Cath. Ass. UTIs
Developing drug resistance
Which of the following (along with those from Cath. Ass. Blood. Inf.) is a precaution in Cath. Ass. UTIs?
Use Catheter as little as possible
Clean insertion site thoroughly
Check for bacterial infection daily