What are the functions of the golgi apparatus?
What is the main purpose of pinocytosis?
What is the evidence that genes are not lost from cells during development?
The nuclei of differentiated cells are totipotent. What does this mean?
What happens in the nucleolus?
What molecule has the lowest mutation rate known and what is it?
What experiments showed that there is no specific base pair recognition by histones and that their role in all species is a structural one?
What is the function of importins?
How was the secretory pathway discovered?
How do proteins get into the rER?
What is the function of the sER?
What are the functions of the rough endoplasmic reticulum?
What is the function of adaptin?
What is the function of Hsc70?
what is the function of clathrin?
What is the purpose of dynamin?
I cell disease is caused by the deficiency of what enzyme?
What checkpoint occurs at G1 ?
What checkpoint occurs at G2?
What checkpoint occurs just before the M phase?
What does checkpoint failure lead to?
What is the reason for these specific checkpoints?
What is the difference between necrosis and apoptosis?
Define cancer 'in-situ'
Define invasive cancer
Define metastatic cancer.
What is an oncogene and give an example?
What is a tumour suppressor and give and example?
What is a tumour promoter?
Which specific factor allows the transition from G2 to M phase?
To ensure proliferation of only cell suitable for division- how many checkpoints are there in the cell cycle?
Which factor controls the initiation of the transition from G1-S in yeast?
What is a temperature sensitive mutation?
What molecule triggers movement through the cell cycle?
What is the signal initiating exocytosis?
Do we have pumps that transport chloride on its own?
Where are tight junctions found?
What is the role of tight junctions?
Name two examples of places where you find tight tight junctions.
Name two places where you might find leaky tight junctions.
How are tight junctions regulated?
What is the purpose of gap junctions?
How are the channels at gap junctions formed?
Which type of muscle has NO gap junctions and thus cells are completely electrically isolated from one another?
How can we assess electrical coupling between cells?
How are gap junctions controlled?
What is the crucial protein channel linking Ca²⁺ signals to ATP production?