How is the medical model of abnormality used to diagnose mental illness?
Why is this approach (diagnosis of mental illness) controversial in reference to the anti-psychiatry movement?
What did Foucoult (1961) believe about mental illness?
What did Laing (1960) believe?
What did Szasz (1960) argue?
What question did Rosenhan raise due to the influence of Szasz, Laing and Foucault?
What evidence did he provide for us not being able to tell normal from abnormal?
What did Rosehan aim to investigate?
How did he propose to go about doing this?
Who were the pseudo patients in Study 1?
How many hospitals did ppts from study 1 attempt to gain access to?
How did each of the pseudo patients present symptoms to hospitals in study 1?
How did the ppts behave in hospital?
How did ppts make notes and did they follow ward routine?
What were the reports from the nurses of them like?
What was the condition in the study about getting discharged?
What did another hospital claim after the results for study 1 was published? How did Rosenhan respond to this and how did this affect hospital routine?
What did the mini study Rosenhan did consist of?
What were all but one of the pseudo patients diagnosed with and what do these results show?
What was found about staff-patient contact?
What was the most common response from the staff in study 3?
What doe the behaviour of the staff towards the patients show?
What was the result with the control with the woman approaching?
How were the drugs/tablets a source of depersonalization?
What were the results of study 2?
What did the psychiatrists in study 1 do and why did they do this?
What did the hospital staff in study 2 do and why?
What was frightening about Rosenhan's conclusion about study 2?
What method did Rosenhan use and why is it an advantage?
What did the participant observation ensure?
What kind of data was gained from the method?
How was internal validity decreased by the harshness of the method? What aspect of the psychiatrist's behaviour is understandable when taking this into consideration?
How was the reliability of the 2nd study different to the first?
How does the range of hospitals Rosenhan used allow generalisability?
How does the field experiment increase generalisability?
Why are the results from the study startling when considering the participant?
How were ethics dealt with in terms of consent and confidentiality?Justification?
What did Lauren Slater (2004) find?
How does Slater (2004) support Rosenhan?
What did Spitzer (1976) find that contradicts Rosenhan's research?
How does Spitzer's findings contradict rosenhan?
What did Loring and Powell (1988) find?
How do Loring and Powell's findings develop Rosenhan?
What did Langwieler and Linden (1993) find?
How does Langwieler and Linden's research support and develop Rosenhan?