What provides movement at joints and helps to maintain posture?
What five vital jobs does the skeleton do?
Name two tissues the skeleton has.
What kind of activities improve the health of bones and what happens?
Name the two main kinds of joint, with two examples of each.
There are 7 parts to a diagram of a knee capsule. Name all of them.
Describe the tendon.
Describe the ligaments.
Describe the cartilage.
Describe synovial fluid.
Describe the synovial membrane.
Muscles work opposite one another at joints. What is this called and how does it work?
What two things should a fitness instructor ask about when you began an exercise regime?
What three (past and present) medical issues does an instructor need to know about?
What is baseline data?
What five forms does baseline data take in relation to health and fitness?
What is the recommended heart rate to train at?
Why does blood pressure matter and what is the typical value for a healthy person?
What does your recovery period show?
Why is a high proportion of body fat a cause for worry and how does it compare to your BMI?
How is BMI worked out and what do the letters stand for?
What does it mean if something has been calibrated?
What four common injuries are there to athletes?
What four symptoms are there of a sprain?
What is the usual treatment for sprains?
What four symptoms are there of a ligament tearing?
What three things can happen to a tendon, and in what sport do these occur the most?
What does a physiotherapist do?
What is double circulation?
Why is one side of the heart weaker than the other?
What four things does plasma transport and what two other 'jobs' does it do for the body?
When the blood goes through the lungs, what does the oxygen bind to and what colour does it go?
What three types of cells are there in blood plasma and what do each of these do?
In what three ways are red blood cells specially adapted to do their purpose?
What is engulfing and digesting microorganisms called?
What are platelets and how do they work?
What are the two chambers of the heart called?
What is the main vein from the body called?
What two areas of the heart does deoxygenated blood flow into, in order?
What carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs?
What carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs?
What is the main artery to the body called?
In the heart, what stops blood going in the wrong direction?
What happens to blood plasma when it goes through the capillaries and what is formed?
What are large numbers of capillaries together called?
What are your feet/hands called and what are your internal organs called in relation to heat?
What is the processing center for sleep, water balance, body temperature and appetite called?
Name one mostly involuntary way we keep warm, and how it works.
What entirely involuntary way is there of keeping cold and how does it work?
What does it means that some effectors warm you up and some cool you down?
What is it called when skin goes paler and when it becomes flushed?
How does vasodilation and vasoconstriction work?
What hormone controls blood sugar levels and what happens to it when you absorb a lot of sugar in one go?
What five symptoms are there of type 1 diabetes and how is it treated?
What happens in type 2 diabetes and what causes it?
What is 'rate of illness'?