Sociologically what is a family?
A man and a woman and their children engaged in supportive relationship
A household composed of people of different sexes
Any couple who have been legally married
two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking, cleaning, and laundry. Each contributes a share of their earning s to pay utilities and food costs. Sociologist would describe this group as a
John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family. What do sociologists classify the Smith family as it is regarded by John?
It is his family of procreation
it is his family of orientation
it is his family of marriage
it is his family of obligation
In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to marry whites, African Americans to marry African Americans, and members of specific social classes to marry within their class. This marital practice is called
It is still customary in the U.S. society for a bride to accept her husband's last name and for the bride's family to pay for the wedding. What is the line of authority this represents?
A bilineal society
An egalitarian society
Why do functionalists argue that the incest taboo is nearly universal norm?
it reinforces patriarchal authority
Incest is universally regarded as a deviant act
The incest taboo facilitates the socialization of children and avoids role confusion
It prevents the transference of genetic defects
Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload?
Patrick and Terri live in the rural U.S. with their five children and many relatives
Jacob and Rebecca reside in an Amish community with their eight children
John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John Jr.
Bob and Stephanie live in the city with their three children and close to their parents
Husbands remain primarily responsible for earning the income and wives are primarily responsible for the house and the children. This is an arrangement sociologists call ___.
Sexism in U.S. society
the gendered division of labor
Techniques of resistance
the hidden curriculum
In the United States, what is the choice of marriage partner most dependent upon?
It is totally unpredictable because love is blind
it is based on individuals engaging in a rational cost/benefit analysis
it is highly influenced by pheromones
it is influenced by age, education, class, race and religion
Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?
it will increase
it will decrease
it will probably remain the same
it is totally unpredictable
Among married couples, who is the most likely to care for preschoolers when both parents work outside the home?
Organized child care facilities
Another name for boomerang children is _____.
Of the following, in which group is a woman more likely to marry a man with less education than she has?
Mark and Sally are married, both are working, and they chose not to have children. What classification best fits them?
They are DINKS
They are YUPPIES
They are members of the sandwich generation
They are neo-traditionalists
Sociologically, what is blended family?
A husband and wife have their own children and also have adopted children
Only adopted children are present in the family
A lesbian couple has children through artificial insemination
A husband or wife brings a child into the new family from a prior relationship
How has the age of the average first-time bride and groom in the United States changed since 1890
Both the bride and groom are older than at any other time
Both the bride and groom are younger than at any other time
The bride is older but the groom is younger than at any other time
The groom is older but the bride is younger than at any other time
Shacking up or living in sin are old-fashioned ways to describe _____.
Edgar and Jayne are in their 40s. They are busy raising a family of three children. They also spend considerable time each week at their parents' homes doing yard maintenance and running errands for their parents. Edgar and Jayne are members of the ________ generation.
Which of the following couples is least likely to divorce within the first ten years of their marriage?
Alice and Gregory who were teenage sweethearts and married when they were 22
Becky and Frank who work at the shoe factory together on the assembly line
Ruth and Chuck who, after a whirlwind romance, got married adn had their first child six months later
Cathy and Tony who attend the same fundamentalist church and were married in their late 20s
Johnnie's parents were divorced three years ago. During the first year after the divorce, Johnnie's father visited him every week. Then Johnnie's father remarried and fathered another child. Now he rarely visits Johnnie. This situation is an example of _______.
According to the findings of Diana Russell, who are the most common incest offenders?
The term family is difficult to define because of the many varieties of family displayed in the world's cultures.
The chances of divorce increase as the level of one's education and income increases.
Research shows divorced fathers often eventually stop seeing their children altogether
perception of health varies considerably among societies of the world. The definition of that constitutes health and illness is most defined by which of the following variables?
The culture of society
The life expectancy of members of the society
The life span of members of the society
The extent of medical services within a society
Because the sociology of medicine focuses on how cultural beliefs, lifestyle and social class influence health and illness, the sociology of medicine is a(n) ______ field of sociology.
The definition of health and illness varies from culture to culture and group to group. The variance definition is most aligned with which sociological perspective?
The conflict perspective
the feminist perspective
Which component of the health continuum did the author add to the tree components defined by the World Health Organization?
What was the contribution Talcott Parsons made as a sociologist to the understanding of health and medicine?
He explained the influence of religion on health
He introduced the concept of the sick role
He showed how physical and mental illness are interrelated
He addressed the effects of living in the inner city on health
There is a major exam scheduled in today's class, but Donald has a serious case of the flu. Donald's professor excused him from the exam. Donald then made an appointment with the health center, and spent the next three days in bed. This is an example of _____ in practice.
The medicalization of deviance
The conflict perspective
The sick role
Who are the primary gatekeepers of the sick role?
Parents and physicians
Teachers and work supervisors
Social constructionists and moral entrepreneurs
Nutritionists and dieticians
Of the following nations, which one has the highest infant mortality rate?
The United States
The _______ controls the educations and licensing of physicians in the United States
The U.S. government
American Medical Association
Center for Disease Control
American Physician Coalition
According to symbolic internationalists, how did physicians in the U.S. work to eliminate midwives from assisting in childbirth?
Physicians became more politically powerful than midwives
Physicians learned more about childbirth than the midwives
Physicians did not allow midwives to buy medicine
Physicians redefined pregnancy and childbirth as a medical condition
What is epidemiology?
The practice of medicine by indigenous tribes
How nations are stratified on the basis of the health care they receive
the training and preparation of physicians in a given society
the study of disease and disability patterns in a population
Which of the following descriptions best summarizes medical care in the United States?
Health care is a right, granting equal access to care for everyone
Health care is a commodity to be sold at the highest price
Health care is neither a right or a privilege for all citizens
Health care is both a right and a privilege for all citizens
In the 1800s, what was the popular medical explanation for the cause of sickness?
According to your text, how have physicians responded to malpractice suits to protect themselves from patients?
They have depersonalized medicine
They have added non-Western alternative methods to treatment
They have engaged in ordering additional tests only as defensive strategy
they have become more patient-based
When Anthony visited a specialist, the doctor briefly listened to Anthony's symptoms, then spoke to the physician assistant in the room as though Anthony wasn't even there. The specialist then exited the room, leaving a prescription for Anthony at the receptionist's desk along with a bill for $135. Such an occurrence illustrates the ____ of medicine.
The U.S. doctors often convince women to have unnecessary hysterectomies because the uterus and ovaries are potentially disease producing organs. What does this practice of convincing women to have unnecessary surgery suggest?
Women are more likely to be psychosomatic
Women are more likely to have more serious medical conditions
Women need to be aware of gender bias in medicine
Women have little understanding of medicine and operations
Many of the physical signs of aging such as balding, wrinkles, and sagging chin or buttocks are now treated by physicians. This process of turning a normal characteristic into a medical matter is termed _____.
Professionalism of medicine
monopolization of medicine
Mercy killing for terminally ill people is defined as ______.
the departmentalization of medicine
the medicalization of death
In an effort to reduce the rising costs of medical care, what has the federal government established that specifies the amount it will pay for the treatment of specific illnesses or injuries?
It has introduced a bill advocating socialized medicine
It created committees to judge the necessity of treatment
it introduced a sliding scale payment schedule
It classified all illnesses into diagnosis-related groups
Sabrina went to the emergency room of the Angels of mercy Hospital complaining severe chest pain, difficulty breathing, and a high fever. While waiting to see a doctor, she collapsed. Because a check of Sabrina's health insurance by the hospital showed her coverage had expired, Sabrina was sent to a public hospital in a comatose state and died along the way. Such a practice is called ______.
Death by incompetence
an adverse event
Some doctors have cut medical cost by meeting several patients who share the same condition, such as pregnancy, at the same time. This method of treatment is called ______.
Pay as you go medicine
fee for service plan
The area of the world most devastated by the AIDS virus is ______.
Matt is a weekend marijuana user. Susie smokes two packs of cigarettes a day, Jackie uses heroin a couple times a week, while Ryan is drunk a few nights a week. Research shows which one of these young people is using the most lethal recreational drug?
In the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, what did the medical staff at Tuskegee University do?
They provided low-cost care for men infected with venereal disease during World War ii
They discovered a new strain of syphilis, but did not report it to the Center for Disease Control
They used unauthorized experimental treatments for syphilis
They left men diagnosed with syphilis untreated so they could follow the disease
According to the text, what is the reason Nevada residents have a 50% higher overall death rate than Utah residents?
The effects of values and lifestyles of the people in each state
the lack of qualified doctors in Nevada
the differences in climate and environmental conditions in each state
Low standards established by Nevada attract fewer health care professionals
What is alternative medicine?
Experimental drugs used by doctors in Third World countries
Nontraditional medicine such as acupuncture and meditation
Laymen practicing medicine, as in the case of midwives
Self-doctoring oneself, rather than trusting the medical profession
Today many individuals are choosing to receive medical assistance ________ rather than taking time off of work or spending hours visiting a local physician's office.
On the Internet
At the drug store
While on vacation
The concepts health and illness vary from culture to culture and in a pluralistic society, from group to group
Parents and physicians are the primary gatekeepers to the sick role
Cancer is the number one cause of death in the United States today.
When first introduced to the American colonies medicine was an apprenticeship program.
Physicians incompetence has been virtually eliminated in modern Western medicine, due in part to the extensiveness of diagnostic testing
Hospitals have the right to discharge or utilize patient dumping with unprofitable patients.
Polarity feedback, biotherapy, and other types of alternative medicine have proven to be ineffective in treating patients of Western Culture.
Which of the following statement about Charles MacKay is incorrect?
He noticed that ordinary people did disgraceful things when in a crowd
He suggested that people have "herd mentality" when in a crowd.
He proposed that a collective mind develops once a group of people congregate
His work marked the beginnings of the field of collective behavior
LeBon's term for the tendency of people in a crowd to feel, think, and act in extraordinary ways is:
the "herd mentality"
A crowd's back-and-forth communication whereby a collective impulse is transmitted is:
A circular reaction
an acting crowd
a collective mind
is a term coined by Herbert Blumer.
is an excited group that collectively moves toward a goal
is the end result of the five stages of collective behavior
all of the above
Richard Berk used the term "minimax strategy" to describe the tendency for:
crowds to operate with minimum of strategy
for humans to minimize costs and maximize rewards
those in authority to maximize the costs of an action in order to minimize rewards
society to respond to even the most minimum of social movements
Which of the following are kinds of participants in crowds?
Sociologists have found that when a disaster such as a fire occurs:
some people continue to perform their roles
people leave it to the police and firefighters to solve the problem
no one panics
Which statement about moral panics is incorrect
Moral panics occur when people are concerned about something viewed as immoral
Moral panics are generally based on an event that has been verified as true
Moral panics thrive on uncertainty and anxiety
Moral panics are fueled by mass media
Which of the following would be an example of a fashion?
the bungalow house
the use of the word "cool"
The womans christian temperance union is an example of which type of social movement?
alternative social movement
redemptive social movement
reformative social movement
transformative social movement
A millenarian movement is a social movement
in which South Pacific islanders destroyed all of their possessions
that seeks to alter only particular aspects of people
based on prophecy upheaval
that seeks to change individuals totally
The public that social movements face can really be divided into:
supporters and opponents
informed supportive public, informed oppositional public, and uninformed mass
receptive audience, hostile audience, and disinterested mass
sympathetic public, hostile public, and disinterested people
What factors influence a social movement's choice of tactics?
the predispositions and background of the inner core
the movement's relationship to authorities
the size of the town in which the movement is operating
According to mass society theory, social movements offer people:
a set of rules or guidelines to govern their behavior
an outlet for leisure activities
a sense of belonging
answers to basic questions concerning morality
In order to turn a group of people who are upset about a social condition into a social movement there must be
Collective behavior is characterized by a group of people becoming emotionally aroused and engaging in extraordinary behavior
The fears that produce moral panics are generally out of proportion to any supposed danger
A social movement based on the prophecy of coming social upheaval is known as a millenarian social movement
A social movement's relationship to authorities is significant in determining whether the tactics to be used are peaceful or violent.
Deprivation theory and relative deprivation theory are identical perspectives