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Question 1 of 79

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Sociologically what is a family?

Select one of the following:

  • A man and a woman and their children engaged in supportive relationship

  • A household composed of people of different sexes

  • Any couple who have been legally married

  • two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption

Question 2 of 79

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Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking, cleaning, and laundry. Each contributes a share of their earning s to pay utilities and food costs. Sociologist would describe this group as a

Select one of the following:

  • Family

  • Household

  • Patriarchy

  • Clan

Question 3 of 79

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John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family. What do sociologists classify the Smith family as it is regarded by John?

Select one of the following:

  • It is his family of procreation

  • it is his family of orientation

  • it is his family of marriage

  • it is his family of obligation

Question 4 of 79

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In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to marry whites, African Americans to marry African Americans, and members of specific social classes to marry within their class. This marital practice is called

Select one of the following:

  • Exogamy

  • Endogamy

  • Polygyny

  • Polygamy

Question 5 of 79

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It is still customary in the U.S. society for a bride to accept her husband's last name and for the bride's family to pay for the wedding. What is the line of authority this represents?

Select one of the following:

  • Patriarchy

  • Matriarchy

  • A bilineal society

  • An egalitarian society

Question 6 of 79

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Why do functionalists argue that the incest taboo is nearly universal norm?

Select one of the following:

  • it reinforces patriarchal authority

  • Incest is universally regarded as a deviant act

  • The incest taboo facilitates the socialization of children and avoids role confusion

  • It prevents the transference of genetic defects

Question 7 of 79

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Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload?

Select one of the following:

  • Patrick and Terri live in the rural U.S. with their five children and many relatives

  • Jacob and Rebecca reside in an Amish community with their eight children

  • John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John Jr.

  • Bob and Stephanie live in the city with their three children and close to their parents

Question 8 of 79

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Husbands remain primarily responsible for earning the income and wives are primarily responsible for the house and the children. This is an arrangement sociologists call ___.

Select one of the following:

  • Sexism in U.S. society

  • the gendered division of labor

  • Techniques of resistance

  • the hidden curriculum

Question 9 of 79

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In the United States, what is the choice of marriage partner most dependent upon?

Select one of the following:

  • It is totally unpredictable because love is blind

  • it is based on individuals engaging in a rational cost/benefit analysis

  • it is highly influenced by pheromones

  • it is influenced by age, education, class, race and religion

Question 10 of 79

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Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?

Select one of the following:

  • it will increase

  • it will decrease

  • it will probably remain the same

  • it is totally unpredictable

Question 11 of 79

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Among married couples, who is the most likely to care for preschoolers when both parents work outside the home?

Select one of the following:

  • Organized child care facilities

  • Nannies

  • Grandparents

  • Other relatives

Question 12 of 79

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Another name for boomerang children is _____.

Select one of the following:

  • Adolescents

  • Younger adults

  • emancipated minors

  • Adultolescents

Question 13 of 79

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Of the following, in which group is a woman more likely to marry a man with less education than she has?

Select one of the following:

  • Asian Americans

  • Latino

  • African Americans

  • Native Americans

Question 14 of 79

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Mark and Sally are married, both are working, and they chose not to have children. What classification best fits them?

Select one of the following:

  • They are DINKS

  • They are YUPPIES

  • They are members of the sandwich generation

  • They are neo-traditionalists

Question 15 of 79

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Sociologically, what is blended family?

Select one of the following:

  • A husband and wife have their own children and also have adopted children

  • Only adopted children are present in the family

  • A lesbian couple has children through artificial insemination

  • A husband or wife brings a child into the new family from a prior relationship

Question 16 of 79

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How has the age of the average first-time bride and groom in the United States changed since 1890

Select one of the following:

  • Both the bride and groom are older than at any other time

  • Both the bride and groom are younger than at any other time

  • The bride is older but the groom is younger than at any other time

  • The groom is older but the bride is younger than at any other time

Question 17 of 79

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Shacking up or living in sin are old-fashioned ways to describe _____.

Select one of the following:

  • Communal living

  • Temporary Marriage

  • Cohabitation

  • Roommates

Question 18 of 79

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Edgar and Jayne are in their 40s. They are busy raising a family of three children. They also spend considerable time each week at their parents' homes doing yard maintenance and running errands for their parents. Edgar and Jayne are members of the ________ generation.

Select one of the following:

  • Yuppie

  • Baby Boom

  • Umbrella

  • Sandwich

Question 19 of 79

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Which of the following couples is least likely to divorce within the first ten years of their marriage?

Select one of the following:

  • Alice and Gregory who were teenage sweethearts and married when they were 22

  • Becky and Frank who work at the shoe factory together on the assembly line

  • Ruth and Chuck who, after a whirlwind romance, got married adn had their first child six months later

  • Cathy and Tony who attend the same fundamentalist church and were married in their late 20s

Question 20 of 79

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Johnnie's parents were divorced three years ago. During the first year after the divorce, Johnnie's father visited him every week. Then Johnnie's father remarried and fathered another child. Now he rarely visits Johnnie. This situation is an example of _______.

Select one of the following:

  • Child neglect

  • Child abuse

  • Serial fatherhood

  • Middle-aged fatherhood

Question 21 of 79

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According to the findings of Diana Russell, who are the most common incest offenders?

Select one of the following:

  • Uncles

  • Fathers

  • Brothers

  • first cousins

Question 22 of 79

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The term family is difficult to define because of the many varieties of family displayed in the world's cultures.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 23 of 79

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The chances of divorce increase as the level of one's education and income increases.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 24 of 79

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Research shows divorced fathers often eventually stop seeing their children altogether

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 79

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perception of health varies considerably among societies of the world. The definition of that constitutes health and illness is most defined by which of the following variables?

Select one of the following:

  • The culture of society

  • The life expectancy of members of the society

  • The life span of members of the society

  • The extent of medical services within a society

Question 26 of 79

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Because the sociology of medicine focuses on how cultural beliefs, lifestyle and social class influence health and illness, the sociology of medicine is a(n) ______ field of sociology.

Select one of the following:

  • Applied

  • Biological

  • clinical

  • theoretical

Question 27 of 79

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The definition of health and illness varies from culture to culture and group to group. The variance definition is most aligned with which sociological perspective?

Select one of the following:

  • Functionalism

  • The conflict perspective

  • Symbolic interactionism

  • the feminist perspective

Question 28 of 79

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Which component of the health continuum did the author add to the tree components defined by the World Health Organization?

Select one of the following:

  • Physical

  • Spiritual

  • Mental

  • Social

Question 29 of 79

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What was the contribution Talcott Parsons made as a sociologist to the understanding of health and medicine?

Select one of the following:

  • He explained the influence of religion on health

  • He introduced the concept of the sick role

  • He showed how physical and mental illness are interrelated

  • He addressed the effects of living in the inner city on health

Question 30 of 79

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There is a major exam scheduled in today's class, but Donald has a serious case of the flu. Donald's professor excused him from the exam. Donald then made an appointment with the health center, and spent the next three days in bed. This is an example of _____ in practice.

Select one of the following:

  • The medicalization of deviance

  • Socialized Medicine

  • The conflict perspective

  • The sick role

Question 31 of 79

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Who are the primary gatekeepers of the sick role?

Select one of the following:

  • Parents and physicians

  • Teachers and work supervisors

  • Social constructionists and moral entrepreneurs

  • Nutritionists and dieticians

Question 32 of 79

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Of the following nations, which one has the highest infant mortality rate?

Select one of the following:

  • South Korea

  • Canada

  • The United States

  • France

Question 33 of 79

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The _______ controls the educations and licensing of physicians in the United States

Select one of the following:

  • The U.S. government

  • American Medical Association

  • Center for Disease Control

  • American Physician Coalition

Question 34 of 79

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According to symbolic internationalists, how did physicians in the U.S. work to eliminate midwives from assisting in childbirth?

Select one of the following:

  • Physicians became more politically powerful than midwives

  • Physicians learned more about childbirth than the midwives

  • Physicians did not allow midwives to buy medicine

  • Physicians redefined pregnancy and childbirth as a medical condition

Question 35 of 79

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What is epidemiology?

Select one of the following:

  • The practice of medicine by indigenous tribes

  • How nations are stratified on the basis of the health care they receive

  • the training and preparation of physicians in a given society

  • the study of disease and disability patterns in a population

Question 36 of 79

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Which of the following descriptions best summarizes medical care in the United States?

Select one of the following:

  • Health care is a right, granting equal access to care for everyone

  • Health care is a commodity to be sold at the highest price

  • Health care is neither a right or a privilege for all citizens

  • Health care is both a right and a privilege for all citizens

Question 37 of 79

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In the 1800s, what was the popular medical explanation for the cause of sickness?

Select one of the following:

  • Bacterial infection

  • Bad fluids

  • Demonology

  • Environmental toxins

Question 38 of 79

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According to your text, how have physicians responded to malpractice suits to protect themselves from patients?

Select one of the following:

  • They have depersonalized medicine

  • They have added non-Western alternative methods to treatment

  • They have engaged in ordering additional tests only as defensive strategy

  • they have become more patient-based

Question 39 of 79

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When Anthony visited a specialist, the doctor briefly listened to Anthony's symptoms, then spoke to the physician assistant in the room as though Anthony wasn't even there. The specialist then exited the room, leaving a prescription for Anthony at the receptionist's desk along with a bill for $135. Such an occurrence illustrates the ____ of medicine.

Select one of the following:

  • depersonalization

  • modernization

  • bureaucratization

  • personification

Question 40 of 79

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The U.S. doctors often convince women to have unnecessary hysterectomies because the uterus and ovaries are potentially disease producing organs. What does this practice of convincing women to have unnecessary surgery suggest?

Select one of the following:

  • Women are more likely to be psychosomatic

  • Women are more likely to have more serious medical conditions

  • Women need to be aware of gender bias in medicine

  • Women have little understanding of medicine and operations

Question 41 of 79

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Many of the physical signs of aging such as balding, wrinkles, and sagging chin or buttocks are now treated by physicians. This process of turning a normal characteristic into a medical matter is termed _____.

Select one of the following:

  • Medicalization

  • Professionalism of medicine

  • mediphobia

  • monopolization of medicine

Question 42 of 79

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Mercy killing for terminally ill people is defined as ______.

Select one of the following:

  • Hospice

  • the departmentalization of medicine

  • the medicalization of death

  • euthanasia

Question 43 of 79

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In an effort to reduce the rising costs of medical care, what has the federal government established that specifies the amount it will pay for the treatment of specific illnesses or injuries?

Select one of the following:

  • It has introduced a bill advocating socialized medicine

  • It created committees to judge the necessity of treatment

  • it introduced a sliding scale payment schedule

  • It classified all illnesses into diagnosis-related groups

Question 44 of 79

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Sabrina went to the emergency room of the Angels of mercy Hospital complaining severe chest pain, difficulty breathing, and a high fever. While waiting to see a doctor, she collapsed. Because a check of Sabrina's health insurance by the hospital showed her coverage had expired, Sabrina was sent to a public hospital in a comatose state and died along the way. Such a practice is called ______.

Select one of the following:

  • Death by incompetence

  • Dumping

  • an adverse event

  • malpractice

Question 45 of 79

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Some doctors have cut medical cost by meeting several patients who share the same condition, such as pregnancy, at the same time. This method of treatment is called ______.

Select one of the following:

  • Pay as you go medicine

  • fee for service plan

  • health maintenance

  • group care

Question 46 of 79

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The area of the world most devastated by the AIDS virus is ______.

Select one of the following:

  • Southwest Asia

  • sub-Saharan Africa

  • Amazon Basin

  • Pacific Rim

Question 47 of 79

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Matt is a weekend marijuana user. Susie smokes two packs of cigarettes a day, Jackie uses heroin a couple times a week, while Ryan is drunk a few nights a week. Research shows which one of these young people is using the most lethal recreational drug?

Select one of the following:

  • Susie

  • Matt

  • Ryan

  • Jackie

Question 48 of 79

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In the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, what did the medical staff at Tuskegee University do?

Select one of the following:

  • They provided low-cost care for men infected with venereal disease during World War ii

  • They discovered a new strain of syphilis, but did not report it to the Center for Disease Control

  • They used unauthorized experimental treatments for syphilis

  • They left men diagnosed with syphilis untreated so they could follow the disease

Question 49 of 79

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According to the text, what is the reason Nevada residents have a 50% higher overall death rate than Utah residents?

Select one of the following:

  • The effects of values and lifestyles of the people in each state

  • the lack of qualified doctors in Nevada

  • the differences in climate and environmental conditions in each state

  • Low standards established by Nevada attract fewer health care professionals

Question 50 of 79

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What is alternative medicine?

Select one of the following:

  • Experimental drugs used by doctors in Third World countries

  • Nontraditional medicine such as acupuncture and meditation

  • Laymen practicing medicine, as in the case of midwives

  • Self-doctoring oneself, rather than trusting the medical profession

Question 51 of 79

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Today many individuals are choosing to receive medical assistance ________ rather than taking time off of work or spending hours visiting a local physician's office.

Select one of the following:

  • On the Internet

  • At church

  • At the drug store

  • While on vacation

Question 52 of 79

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The concepts health and illness vary from culture to culture and in a pluralistic society, from group to group

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 79

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Parents and physicians are the primary gatekeepers to the sick role

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 54 of 79

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Cancer is the number one cause of death in the United States today.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 79

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When first introduced to the American colonies medicine was an apprenticeship program.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 56 of 79

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Physicians incompetence has been virtually eliminated in modern Western medicine, due in part to the extensiveness of diagnostic testing

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 57 of 79

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Hospitals have the right to discharge or utilize patient dumping with unprofitable patients.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 58 of 79

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Polarity feedback, biotherapy, and other types of alternative medicine have proven to be ineffective in treating patients of Western Culture.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 59 of 79

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Which of the following statement about Charles MacKay is incorrect?

Select one of the following:

  • He noticed that ordinary people did disgraceful things when in a crowd

  • He suggested that people have "herd mentality" when in a crowd.

  • He proposed that a collective mind develops once a group of people congregate

  • His work marked the beginnings of the field of collective behavior

Question 60 of 79

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LeBon's term for the tendency of people in a crowd to feel, think, and act in extraordinary ways is:

Select one of the following:

  • social unrest.

  • the "herd mentality"

  • collective behavior

  • collective mind.

Question 61 of 79

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A crowd's back-and-forth communication whereby a collective impulse is transmitted is:

Select one of the following:

  • A circular reaction

  • milling

  • an acting crowd

  • a collective mind

Question 62 of 79

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Acting crowd:

Select one of the following:

  • is a term coined by Herbert Blumer.

  • is an excited group that collectively moves toward a goal

  • is the end result of the five stages of collective behavior

  • all of the above

Question 63 of 79

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Richard Berk used the term "minimax strategy" to describe the tendency for:

Select one of the following:

  • crowds to operate with minimum of strategy

  • for humans to minimize costs and maximize rewards

  • those in authority to maximize the costs of an action in order to minimize rewards

  • society to respond to even the most minimum of social movements

Question 64 of 79

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Which of the following are kinds of participants in crowds?

Select one of the following:

  • the ego-involved

  • the insecure

  • the exploiters

  • all of the above

Question 65 of 79

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Sociologists have found that when a disaster such as a fire occurs:

Select one of the following:

  • everyone panics

  • some people continue to perform their roles

  • people leave it to the police and firefighters to solve the problem

  • no one panics

Question 66 of 79

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Which statement about moral panics is incorrect

Select one of the following:

  • Moral panics occur when people are concerned about something viewed as immoral

  • Moral panics are generally based on an event that has been verified as true

  • Moral panics thrive on uncertainty and anxiety

  • Moral panics are fueled by mass media

Question 67 of 79

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Which of the following would be an example of a fashion?

Select one of the following:

  • the bungalow house

  • mini skirts

  • the use of the word "cool"

  • all of the above

Question 68 of 79

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The womans christian temperance union is an example of which type of social movement?

Select one of the following:

  • alternative social movement

  • redemptive social movement

  • reformative social movement

  • transformative social movement

Question 69 of 79

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A millenarian movement is a social movement

Select one of the following:

  • in which South Pacific islanders destroyed all of their possessions

  • that seeks to alter only particular aspects of people

  • based on prophecy upheaval

  • that seeks to change individuals totally

Question 70 of 79

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The public that social movements face can really be divided into:

Select one of the following:

  • supporters and opponents

  • informed supportive public, informed oppositional public, and uninformed mass

  • receptive audience, hostile audience, and disinterested mass

  • sympathetic public, hostile public, and disinterested people

Question 71 of 79

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What factors influence a social movement's choice of tactics?

Select one of the following:

  • the predispositions and background of the inner core

  • the movement's relationship to authorities

  • the size of the town in which the movement is operating

  • all of the above

Question 72 of 79

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According to mass society theory, social movements offer people:

Select one of the following:

  • a set of rules or guidelines to govern their behavior

  • an outlet for leisure activities

  • a sense of belonging

  • answers to basic questions concerning morality

Question 73 of 79

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In order to turn a group of people who are upset about a social condition into a social movement there must be

Select one of the following:

  • agitation

  • resource mobilization

  • organization

  • institutionalization

Question 74 of 79

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In order to turn a group of people who are upset about a social condition into a social movement there must be

Select one of the following:

  • agitation

  • resource mobilization

  • organization

  • institutionalization

Question 75 of 79

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Collective behavior is characterized by a group of people becoming emotionally aroused and engaging in extraordinary behavior

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 76 of 79

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The fears that produce moral panics are generally out of proportion to any supposed danger

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 77 of 79

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A social movement based on the prophecy of coming social upheaval is known as a millenarian social movement

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 78 of 79

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A social movement's relationship to authorities is significant in determining whether the tactics to be used are peaceful or violent.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 79 of 79

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Deprivation theory and relative deprivation theory are identical perspectives

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Quiz on Untitled, created by sanga_san on 06/05/2014.

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