Geography Final

Question 1 of 44

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Large waves are generated by

Select one of the following:

  • Short fetch

  • Short duration that wind blows in a given

  • Variable wind directions

  • None of these

Question 2 of 44

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When waves begin to interact with the seafloor this happens

Select one of the following:

  • wavelength decreases

  • wave height increasese

  • wave steepness decreases and the wave breaks

  • Both a and b

Question 3 of 44

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Water moving up the beach after the wave breaks is termed

Select one of the following:

  • Surf

  • Backwash

  • breaker

  • swell

Question 4 of 44

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The effect of the concentration of wave energies on headlands is to

Select one of the following:

  • make the coastline more irregular

  • make the coastline straighter

  • produce more sand dunes along the coast

  • erode the bays

Question 5 of 44

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Groins are usually constructed to

Select one of the following:

  • stabilize beaches by lessening erosion

  • to protect boats along the coast

  • to prevent cliff erosion

  • to produce a calm environment along the coast for organisms of the sea

Question 6 of 44

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Storm surges result in part from

Select one of the following:

  • strong winds associated with tsunami

  • high atmospheric pressure along the coast associated with storms

  • low atmospheric pressure along the coast associated with storms

  • all of these

Question 7 of 44

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Lake waves would be largest when

Select one of the following:

  • winds are strong and fetch is short

  • winds are strong and fetch is long

  • winds are weak and fetch is short

  • winds are weak and fetch is long

Question 8 of 44

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Mid-latitude beaches that have seasonal patterns of erosion and deposition

Select one of the following:

  • mostly erode during the summer due to strong waves

  • grow during winter due to sediment deposition associated with stronger waves

  • mostly grow during summer due to sediment deposition associated with
    weaker waves

  • None of these

Question 9 of 44

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Dams on rivers supplying sediment to beaches will result

Select one of the following:

  • in the growth of the beach

  • in erosion of the beach

  • in growth or erosion of the beach depending on the season and the amount of
    water released by the dams

  • none of these, dams do not impact beaches

Question 10 of 44

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These two factors are important in the development of dunes next to beaches

Select one of the following:

  • mostly unidirectional winds, sufficient sand supply

  • much vegetation, humid climate

  • desert climate, multidirectional winds

  • desert climate, mostly unidirectional winds

Question 11 of 44

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These are erosional coastal features

Select one of the following:

  • Sea caves

  • tombolos

  • sea cliffs

  • wave-cut platforms

  • a,c, and d

Question 12 of 44

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Emergent coasts are associated with

Select one of the following:

  • uplift related to tectonic activity

  • rising sea level

  • sinking of the land due to tectonic activity

  • All of the above

Question 13 of 44

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What caused most coastlines to become submerged over the past 10,000 years?

Select one of the following:

  • subsidence of land

  • sea level rise

  • growth of icesheets

  • tectonic shifts

Question 14 of 44

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Which of the following is not a result of coastal deposition?

Select one of the following:

  • baymouth bar

  • tombolo

  • sea stack

  • sandspit

Question 15 of 44

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Regular patterns of smooth, rounded waves are called

Select one of the following:

  • breakers.

  • wave ripples.

  • wave trains

  • swells

Question 16 of 44

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Waves in shallow water that "feel bottom" are ________ and more ________ spaced
than the swell they are related to.

Select one of the following:

  • taller; closely

  • taller; widely

  • smaller; closely

  • smaller; widely

Question 17 of 44

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Wave action works to straighten a coast as wave energy focuses around headlands
and tends to disperse energy in coves and bays in a process called

Select one of the following:

  • longshore current

  • breakers

  • wave refraction

  • tidal bore

Question 18 of 44

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Particles of sand, gravels, and shells that move along the shore form the

Select one of the following:

  • Breakers

  • longshore current

  • beach drift or longshore drift

  • translation effects

Question 19 of 44

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When people go surfing or swimming along a coast, they often find—after spending
time in the water—that they are no longer in the area in which they first entered the water.
In other words, they find that they have moved downshore, even though they did not
deliberately move in that direction. This occurs because of

Select one of the following:

  • tsunamis

  • beach drift

  • longshore currents

  • tidal currents

Question 20 of 44

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Which of the following is false regarding tsunamis?

Select one of the following:

  • They can travel at a speed of several hundred miles per hour

  • They have very long wavelengths in the open ocean

  • They are very tall in the open ocean

  • They slow down as they approach shore

Question 21 of 44

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Which of the following is not an example of an erosional coastal landform?

Select one of the following:

  • sea arch

  • barrier spit

  • wave-cut platform

  • notched cliff

Question 22 of 44

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A terrace is

Select one of the following:

  • an uplifted sea stack

  • an uplifted wave-cut platform

  • an erosional surface created by a massive tsunami

  • an uplifted foreshore dune

Question 23 of 44

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Which of the following is not an example of a depositional coastal landform?

Select one of the following:

  • Delta

  • barrier spit

  • bay barrier

  • wave cut platform

Question 24 of 44

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Which of the following conditions is not conducive to the formation of barrier islands?

Select one of the following:

  • tectonically active coasts

  • sediment supply from rivers

  • low tidal range

  • presence of continental shelf

Question 25 of 44

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Sea level rise associated with global warming should be expected to:

Select one of the following:

  • Increase rates of sediment delivery to deltas

  • Increase rates of coastal erosion

  • Decrease rates of longshore sediment transport

  • Increase deposition on coastal dunes

Question 26 of 44

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Tectonic Forces

Select one of the following:

  • Erode the surface of the Earth

  • Warm, fold, and uplift rock

  • Control soil formation processes

  • Form sedimentary rock

Question 27 of 44

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Linear lakes forming in East Africa because of what

Select one of the following:

  • Rifting

  • Subduction

  • Compression

  • Isostatic Uplift

Question 28 of 44

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Which of the following are located along the mid-ocean ridges?

Select one of the following:

  • Volcanoes

  • outcrops of granite

  • old oceanic sediments

  • evaporite deposits

Question 29 of 44

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The process that describes the depression and rebound of continental crust due to
adding or removing weight is called:

Select one of the following:

  • continental drift

  • seafloor spreading

  • Plate tectonics

  • Isostacy

Question 30 of 44

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A spontaneous downslope movement of Earth materials driven by gravity is called

Select one of the following:

  • Erosion

  • Weathering

  • Mass movement

  • Diagenesis

Question 31 of 44

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Rates of erosion are generally greater

Select one of the following:

  • flat lowlands

  • Steep Mountains

  • near the mouth of a river

  • in dry desert valleys

Question 32 of 44

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Landslides occur when

Select one of the following:

  • When a threshold is reached

  • the internal friction is overcome by the force of gravity.

  • when driving forces exceed resisting forces

  • All of the above

Question 33 of 44

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Landslides occur when

Select one of the following:

  • When a threshold is reached

  • the internal friction is overcome by the force of gravity.

  • when driving forces exceed resisting forces

  • All of the above

Question 34 of 44

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Creep involves movement of soil

Select one of the following:

  • at a rapid speed

  • At a slow, almost non-distinguishable pace

  • rapidly at first, then slows down

  • slowly at first, then rapidly speeds up

Question 35 of 44

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What is the discharge of a river with a depth of 0.5 meters, width of 10 meters and a flow
velocity of 0.5 meters/second

Select one of the following:

  • 2.5 m^3/sec

  • 0.5 m^2/sec

  • 5.0 m^2/sec

  • 25 m^3/sec

Question 36 of 44

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As the discharge of a stream increases, which of the following also happens?

Select one of the following:

  • As the discharge of a stream increases, which of the following also happens?

  • The rate of flow decreases.

  • Channel width increases but channel depth decreases.

  • Width, depth, and velocity all increase.

Question 37 of 44

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Streams that receive large loads of coarse sediment are likely to have:

Select one of the following:

  • a) Narrower channels than streams that receive little sediment

  • b) Steeper channel slopes than streams that receive little sediment

  • c) Frequent large waterfalls

  • d) Straight rather than meandering channels

Question 38 of 44

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Floodplains are formed by

Select one of the following:

  • a) Erosion of valley-side bluffs

  • b) Deposition on point bars of meandering streams and by overbank flows

  • c) Repeated floods that erode broad flat surfaces.

  • d) Chemical weathering at the elevation of the water table

Question 39 of 44

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Which of the following will lead to the development of stream terraces?

Select one of the following:

  • a) tectonic uplift which steepens channels

  • b) decreased sediment yield into the stream

  • c) a drop in base level on tributaries of a larger stream

  • d) any of the above

Question 40 of 44

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The following are all forms of ablation EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • a) melting

  • evaporating

  • calving

  • Precipitation

Question 41 of 44

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) The material in a glacial moraine is usually

Select one of the following:

  • a) sorted by weight.

  • b) sorted by size.

  • c) sorted by weight and size.

  • d) unsorted.

Question 42 of 44

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Which of the following is false regarding the Pleistocene ice sheets in North America?

Select one of the following:

  • a) At their maximum, they extended only to the present-day Canadian border.

  • b) Their maximum thickness was about 2 km (1.2 mi).

  • c) They dramatically altered the landscape of much of the U.S.

  • d) The edges of the ice sheets were not even; rather, they were characterized by ice
    lobes that formed curved edges.

  • e) They disappeared by 7,000 years ago.

Question 43 of 44

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The average density of the Earth is 5.5 g/cm3
; whereas the average density of
the continental crust is 2.7 g/cm3
and oceanic crust is 3.3 g/cm3
. Which statement best
explains the discrepancy between the densities of the Earth’s crust versus the overall

Select one of the following:

  • the deeper layers of the Earth are made up of heavier elements such as iron,
    nickel, and magnesium

  • b) the sun’s effect on the density of the Earth’s crust has not been calculated

  • c) these numbers change with every earthquake occurrence

  • d) adding the moon’s density to the density of the continental and oceanic crusts
    adds up to Earth’s average density

Question 44 of 44

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At which of the following locations does subduction occur?

Select one of the following:

  • a) along collision zones between two continents

  • b) at sea floor spreading zones

  • c) above mantle hot spots

  • d) along collision zones between continental and oceanic plates

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Geography Final

Ricky Elmendorf
Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

Quiz on Geography Final, created by Ricky Elmendorf on 10/05/2014.

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Ricky Elmendorf
Created by Ricky Elmendorf over 2 years ago
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