the study of behavior and mental processes of humans and animals
4 Goals of Psychology
Stability vs. Change
Long standing debate about relative contributions of heredity and environment on behavior
Nature vs. Nurture
Rationality vs. Irrationality
of or relating to the body (key word=physical)
refers to mental activities
idea that we are born a blank slate KNOWING NOTHING, "we are born a white sheet of paper & experience writes upon it
John Locke said we are born a "blank slate" in other words a white sheet of paper that experience writes on. this is called a __________ ___________.
Early behaviorist; did the Little Albert Experiment; a boy called Little Albert was conditioned to be afraid of a white rat
First American woman to receive a PH.D in psychology
First female president of the American Psychological Association (APA)
an educated guess; a testable prediction
research or science meant to expand our knowledge base; OPPOSITE of applied science
research or science used to solve real problems: in other words you APPLY psychology principles to solve problems
step-by-step procedure psychologists use when conducting research.
science of skull bumps
Early approach in psychology developed by Edward Bradford Titchener ( a student of Wilhelm Wundt) that used introspection to identify the most basic components, or structures of conscious experiences
_______ was an early approach that rejected introspection. Instead of asking subjects to describe the emotion of fear, ________ studied how fear enables people to adapt to their environment.
Founded psychoanalysis ("Analysis of the Mind"; "The Talking Cure") Some of his BIG ideas include the id,ego, and superego, Oedipus Complex, free association, Freudian slip, defense mechanisms, & dream interpretation.
a school of thought that looks at the human mind and behavior as a whole. Originating in the work of Max Wertheimer, Gestalt psychology formed partially as a response to structuralism which focused on breaking down mental events and experiences to the smallest elements
Perspective that emphasizes observable BEHAVIOR that can be objectively measured
Perspective that emphasizes the importance of self-esteem, free will, and choice in human behavior
This perspective compares the mind to a computer that encodes, processes, and stores information. Emphasizes thinking, perceiving, and information processing
Influenced by the writings of Charles Darwin, this perspective emphasizes the role played by natural selection and adaptation in the evolution of behavior and mental processes.
Psychologists who employ the __________ perspective study biological basis of human and animal behavior
This perspective focuses on how culture and social situations affect the way people think, feel, and behave.
The most popular career in psychology. These psychologists specialize in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders.
________________ psychologists apply the principles of psychology to the workplace, including employee motivation, job satisfaction and personnel selection.