What is sex?
Refers to the biological aspects of the individual, which makes them male or female.
Refers to the environmental aspects of the individual which makes them male or female.
What is gender?
Refers to the biological aspects of being male or female
refers to the environmental aspects of being male or female
What is androgyny?
a female that possesses more stereotypically male characteristics than female characteristics
a male that possesses more stereotically female characteristics than male characteristics
an individual who possesses similar amounts of characteristics regarded as both typically masculine and feminine
What are sex role stereotypes?
Biologically determined beliefs about what a particular sex's gender role should be
Culturally determined beliefs about what a particular sex's gender role should be.
What is Nature?
refers to a belief that gender differences in behaviour are determined by genetics and hormonal factors
refers to the belief that gender differences in behaviour are determined by cultural and social factors
What is Nurture?
A belief that gender differences in behaviour are determined by genetic and hormonal factors
A belief that gender differences in behaviour are determined by social and culteral factors
What chromosome pattern does someone with Turners Syndrome have?
What are the physical effects of Turners syndrome?
Dont have periods
development of breasts
less body hair
can be infertile
What are the mental affects of Turners syndrome?
Higher than average verbal ability
Lower than average spatial ability, spatial memory and mathematical ability
Poor language skills
May not be able to talk
Poor language skills affect reading ability
passive and co-operative temperament as babies
Calmness and shyness remains with them throughout their lives
What are the mental affects of klinefelters syndrome?
Higher than average verbal ability
Lower than average spatial ability, visual memory and mathematical ability
What are the physical affects of klinefelters syndrome?
Development of breasts
Less body hair
Can be infertile
Normal female appearance
Ovaries have failed to develop
Don't develop breasts
Don't have periods
What is Modelling?
To demonstrate or display behaviour in the way of actions of a role model
Where an individual copies behaviour they have observed
What is Imitation?
This is where an individual copies the behaviour which they have observed
What is Identification?
Where an individual copies the behaviour which the have observed
A process which involves attachment to specific role models that possess characteristics that an individual would like for themselves. By identifying with this role model, the person adds these characteristics to themselves.
What is gender identity?
When a child understands that their sex remains the same across time. They know that their own sex will not change.
When children understand that everyones sex stays the same over both time and situation and despite changes in appearance.
Children are able to label themselves and others in terms of their sex.
What is gender stability?
Children understand that everyones sex stays the same over both time and situation, and despite changes in appearance
Children are able to label themselves and other on terms of sex
What is Gender Constancy?
Children understand that their sex remains the same across time but not others
What is a gender schema?
A pocket of knowledge about the characteristics and behaviours associated with a specific gender
A culterally determined belief about what a particular sex's gender role should be
What is identification? (Psychodynamic)
The unconscious process by which children gain their gender identity from their same sex parent