PSYB1 - Research Methods

Question 1 of 64

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What is a debrief?

Select one of the following:

  • This is a way of correcting any ethical breaches in the research

  • Telling participants what the study is about and what is going to happen in the study and them allowing them to decide whether they want to take part or not

Question 2 of 64

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What is right to withdraw?

Select one of the following:

  • It is a way of correcting any ethical breaches in the study

  • Participants must be told at the beginning, during and after the study that they can leave the study at any time they want and for whatever reason they want

Question 3 of 64

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What is a dependant variable?

Select one of the following:

  • The thing you measure

  • Something that is changed by the experimentor

  • Something that could affect the experiment that isn't the independant variable

Question 4 of 64

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What is informed consent?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants should not be lied to about the true aim of the research

  • Telling participants what the study is about and what is going to happen in the study and them allowing them to decide whether they want to take part or not

Question 5 of 64

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What is Protection of Participants?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants should be told at the beginning (in the brief) that all information about them will be kept private and anonymous so that other cannot identify them

  • You must not do anything that could cause the participant physical or mental harm, abuse or misuse.

Question 6 of 64

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What is deception?

Select one of the following:

  • A way of correcting any ethical breaches in the research.

  • Participants should not be lied to about the true aim of the research

Question 7 of 64

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What is the mean?

Select one of the following:

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The central number in a set of scores. To calculate this you must put the numbers in order from lowest to highest and then identify the value in the middle of the list

  • The average of all the scores in a data set. You add up all the numbers in the set of scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 8 of 64

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What is confidentiality?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants should not be lied to about the true aim of the research

  • Participants should be told at the beginning (in the brief) that all information about them will be kept private and anonymous so that others cannot identify them.

  • Telling participants what the study is about and what is going to happen in the study and then allowing them to decide whether they want to take part or not

Question 9 of 64

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What is deception?

Select one of the following:

  • A way of correcting any ethical breaches in the research.

  • Participants should not be lied to about the true aim of the research

Question 10 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 11 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 12 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 13 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 14 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 15 of 64

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What is the Median?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a data set. You add up all the scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 16 of 64

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What is the mode?

Select one of the following:

  • The central number in a set of scores. You must put all the scores in order from lowest to highest and then identify the number in the middle of the list.

  • The most common score in a set of data

  • The average of the scores in a set of data. You add up all the numbers in a set of scores and divide by the number of scores that are there.

Question 17 of 64

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What is the range?

Select one of the following:

  • A measure of the spread of a set of scores. Calculated by taking the lowest number from the highest in a set of data.

  • This measures how far on average each score in a set of data is away from the mean

Question 18 of 64

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What is the range?

Select one of the following:

  • A measure of the spread of a set of scores. Calculated by taking the lowest number from the highest in a set of data.

  • This measures how far on average each score in a set of data is away from the mean

Question 19 of 64

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What is Standard Deviation?

Select one of the following:

  • A measure of the spread of a set of scores calculated by subtracting the lowest value from the highest in a set of data.

  • This measures how far on average each score in a set of data is away from the mean.

Question 20 of 64

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What is Standard Deviation?

Select one of the following:

  • A measure of the spread of a set of scores calculated by subtracting the lowest value from the highest in a set of data.

  • This measures how far on average each score in a set of data is away from the mean.

Question 21 of 64

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What is a line graph used for?

Select one of the following:

  • To represent data which is in numerical form

  • To express correlations - allow you to see at a glance whether a correlation is positive, negative or if there is no relationship.

  • To represent data which is divided into categories

Question 22 of 64

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What is a Bar chart used for?

Select one of the following:

  • To represent data which is divided into categories

  • To represent data which is in numerical form

  • To express correlations (look for a relationship between 2 variables).

Question 23 of 64

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What is a scattergram used for?

Select one of the following:

  • To express correlations - allow you to see at a glance whether a correlation is positive, negative or if there is no relationship

  • To represent data which is in numerical form

  • To represent data which is divided into categories

Question 24 of 64

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What is a Bar chart used for?

Select one of the following:

  • To represent data which is divided into categories

  • To represent data which is in numerical form

  • To express correlations (look for a relationship between 2 variables).

Question 25 of 64

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What is Random Sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Picking people who are easily/readily available to you

  • Choosing every Nth person from the target population

  • Everybody has an equal chance of being chosen

Question 26 of 64

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What is Opportuntiy Sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Everybody has an equal chance of being chosen

  • Picking people who are easily/readily available to you

  • Selecting participants according to the proportions of the target population

Question 27 of 64

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What is Systematic Sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Choosing people who are easily/readily available to you

  • Selecting the participants according to the proportions of the target population that are relevant to the sample and study.

  • Choosing every Nth person from the target population

Question 28 of 64

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What is Stratified Sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Selecting the participants according to the proportions of the target population that are relevant to the sample and study.

  • Choosing every Nth person from the target population

  • Picking people who are easily/readily available

Question 29 of 64

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What is Stratified Sampling?

Select one of the following:

  • Selecting the participants according to the proportions of the target population that are relevant to the sample and study.

  • Choosing every Nth person from the target population

  • Picking people who are easily/readily available

Question 30 of 64

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What is Quantitative Research?

Select one of the following:

  • Any data to do with a number

  • Measuring behaviour in a descriptive way

Question 31 of 64

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What is Qualitative Research?

Select one of the following:

  • Any data to do with a number

  • Measuring behaviour in a descriptive way

Question 32 of 64

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What is Qualitative Research?

Select one of the following:

  • Any data to do with a number

  • Measuring behaviour in a descriptive way

Question 33 of 64

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What is an aim?

Select one of the following:

  • A prediction of results

  • A statement of what you intend to investigate

Question 34 of 64

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What is a hypothesis?

Select one of the following:

  • A statement of what you intend to investigate

  • A prediction of results

Question 35 of 64

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What is an independant variable?

Select one of the following:

  • The thing you measure

  • Something that could affect the experiment that isn't the independant variable

  • Something that is changed by the experimentor

Question 36 of 64

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What is an extraneous variable?

Select one of the following:

  • Something that could affect the experiment that isn't the independant variable

  • The thing you measure

  • Something that is changed by the experimentor

Question 37 of 64

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What is an extraneous variable?

Select one of the following:

  • Something that could affect the experiment that isn't the independant variable

  • The thing you measure

  • Something that is changed by the experimentor

Question 38 of 64

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What is participant bias?

Select one of the following:

  • When participants guess the aim and behave differently (demand characteristics)

  • When participants are tired of doing experiments so therefore it affects results

Question 39 of 64

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What is participant bias?

Select one of the following:

  • When participants guess the aim and behave differently (demand characteristics)

  • When participants are tired of doing experiments so therefore it affects results

Question 40 of 64

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What is the independant groups design?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants are matched into pairs on relevant variables e.g. same age

  • All the sample go into one conditonal (experimental) then they all go to the other condition (control)

  • This is when half of the sample go into one condition (control) and the other half go into the other condition (experimental)

Question 41 of 64

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What is the repeated measures design?

Select one of the following:

  • All the sample go to one condition and then they all go into the other condition

  • Participants are matched into pairs on relevant variables e.g. same age

  • This is when half of the sample go into one condition then the other half go into the other condition

Question 42 of 64

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What is the independant groups design?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants are matched into pairs on relevant variables e.g. same age

  • All the sample go into one conditonal (experimental) then they all go to the other condition (control)

  • This is when half of the sample go into one condition (control) and the other half go into the other condition (experimental)

Question 43 of 64

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What is the matched pairs design?

Select one of the following:

  • When half of the sample go into one condition and the other half go into the other condition

  • Participants are matched into pairs on relevant variables e.g. same age

  • All of the sample go into one condition then they all go to the other condition

Question 44 of 64

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What is a lab study?

Select one of the following:

  • Experiments that are conducted in a well controlled environment

  • A study that is done in the participants natural environment

Question 45 of 64

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What is a field study?

Select one of the following:

  • A study that is conducted in a well controlled environment

  • A study that is done in the participants natural environment

Question 46 of 64

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What is a field study?

Select one of the following:

  • A study that is conducted in a well controlled environment

  • A study that is done in the participants natural environment

Question 47 of 64

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What is a Quasi Study?

Select one of the following:

  • A study that is conducted in the participants natural environment

  • A study in which the independant variable is changed by natural occurance. If conditions vary naturally the effect of an IV can be observed without any intervention by the experimenter

Question 48 of 64

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What is an Overt Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • Participants dont know they are being watched

  • An observation where the researcher takes part in the action, joining in with those being observed.

  • When the participants know they are being observed

Question 49 of 64

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What is a covert observation?

Select one of the following:

  • Where the researcher does not become part of the group of which they are being observed

  • Participants don't know they are being watched

Question 50 of 64

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What is a Natural Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • An observation conduction in an experimental setting

  • Observing the behaviour in the participants own natural environment

  • When the participants don't know they are being watched

Question 51 of 64

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What is a Participation Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • An observation where the researcher takes part in the action, joining in with those being observed

  • When a participant is being observed in their own natural environment

Question 52 of 64

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What is a Lab Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • An observation when the participants know they are being observed

  • An observation conducted in an experimental setting

Question 53 of 64

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What is a Lab Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • An observation when the participants know they are being observed

  • An observation conducted in an experimental setting

Question 54 of 64

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What is a Lab Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • An observation when the participants know they are being observed

  • An observation conducted in an experimental setting

Question 55 of 64

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What is a Non-Participant Observation?

Select one of the following:

  • This is an observation when the participants don't know they are being watched

  • Where the researcher does not become part of the group of which they are being observed

Question 56 of 64

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What is a structured interview?

Select one of the following:

  • An interview where the interviewer starts with a topic then the participants responses influence the next question

  • An interview where the interviewer has a pre-set list of questions and do not ask any other questions

Question 57 of 64

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What is an unstructured interview?

Select one of the following:

  • An interview where the interviewer starts with one topic then the participants responses influence the next question

  • A interview where the interviewer has a pre-set list of questions and do not ask anything else

Question 58 of 64

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What is an unstructured interview?

Select one of the following:

  • An interview where the interviewer starts with one topic then the participants responses influence the next question

  • A interview where the interviewer has a pre-set list of questions and do not ask anything else

Question 59 of 64

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What is an unstructured interview?

Select one of the following:

  • An interview where the interviewer starts with one topic then the participants responses influence the next question

  • A interview where the interviewer has a pre-set list of questions and do not ask anything else

Question 60 of 64

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What is an open-ended question?

Select one of the following:

  • A question that is worded so that the person can answer in anyway chosen

  • A question that the respondant may only answer according to a formal system e.g. answers are given as options

Question 61 of 64

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What is a close ended question?

Select one of the following:

  • A question that is worded so that the person can answer in anyway chosen

  • A question that the respondant may only answer according to a formal system e.g. answers are given as options

Question 62 of 64

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What is content analysis?

Select one of the following:

  • An indirect observation of the media and images in it

  • An in depth examination of one individual/a small group of individuals with something in common

Question 63 of 64

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What is a case study?

Select one of the following:

  • An indirect observation of the media and images in it

  • An in depth examination of one individuals/a small group of individuals with something in common

Question 64 of 64

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What is a case study?

Select one of the following:

  • An indirect observation of the media and images in it

  • An in depth examination of one individuals/a small group of individuals with something in common

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PSYB1 - Research Methods

hutchinson184
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

Psychology Quiz on PSYB1 - Research Methods, created by hutchinson184 on 15/05/2013.

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