Left no writings only fragments. The 'first philosopher' because he was concerned with the base nature of things. He believed that water was the archae or primary substance in which all things are composed of. Who did what now?!
The first martyr of Philosophy at the time. He belied everything was composed of seeds that could manifest in anyway possible. However a universal mind aka nous keeps everything in order and away from chaos.Who did what now?!
The real world is an illusion.The only truth is in the certain. That certainty is mathematics. Contemplation requires abstract mathematical thought. This in turn purifies the soul.Who did what now?!
Some may consider this guy to be more of a poet. He believed existence could be described as a never ending cycle of eros and erin (love and strife) He didn't believe in a single archae but a combination of the four elements.Who did what now?!
An atheistic philosopher. Developed the idea of the atom. All things are composed of this singular and nondivisible substance. Who did what now?
The world is an everliving fire of conflict and struggle. Change is a product of god's universal reason (logos) thoughts are in unity with god, most do not understand this because they are asleep (ignorant) Who did what now?
Thought is more reliable than sensory opinion of reality. Described the idea of illusion of movement and change through a series of paradoxes.Who did what now?
Air is the archae of all things. The expansion and contraction of air lead to things that we see in our world. Devised the Thumos, Psyche and Pnuema.Who did what now?
Dealt with logic vs experience. Something either is or isn't. Believed that everything we see is an illusion to the truth behind them. Reality is all a part of the one and any change is an illusion.Who did what now?
Truth is in the eye of the beholder. Whatever people believe to be true is the truth.
This philosopher believed that the archae is derived from Apeiron or the limitless. In this aspect he was considered a proto-metaphysicist. All life came from the sea.Who did what now?