Which of these is NOT part of the criteria for diagnosing phobic disorders?
Marked/persistent fear that's excessive or unreasonable, triggered by presence or anticipation of feared stimulus
Duration of at least six months
Avoidance of phobic stimulus significantly interferes with person's normal routine
Panic attacks are always present
Exposure to phobic stimulus almost always provokes immediate anxiety response
Phobic situation is avoided or endured with intense anxiety
Person recognises that fear is excessive or unreasonable
Panic attacks isn't better accounted for by a different mental disorder
The diagnosis of phobic disorders has been found to have high inter-rater reliability. (Skyre et al., 1991)
The diagnosis of phobic disorders has been found to have high test-retest reliability. (Kendler et al., 1999)
Comorbidity isn't an issue with phobic disorders. (Eysenck, 1997)
Who found that there is good concurrent validity when diagnosing phobic disorders?
Vasey and Dadds (2001)
Mattick and Clarke (1998)
Kendler et al. (1992)
Watson and Dodds (2002)
One support point is the lack of cultural bias, as it can be generalised to many cultures.
What does the adrenogenic theory propose, in relation to phobias?
A person can have a predisposition to acquiring a phobia, so they're more innately prone to arousal of ANS
Dopamine pathways in the brain can predispose people to acquiring a phobia
Abnormal serotonin levels can predispose a person to acquiring a phobia
Phobias are passed on genetically