NO SECURITY WITHOUT DEVELOPMENT
International aid = no difference. worsening conflict in s spreading. Upsurge suicide bombings -Kabul. less money to Afghanistan than other post conflict countries. Need to allow afghan gov to prioritize aid + run its self. World bank described 'aid juggernaut'- aid - past government not through. 40,000 more Afghan babies due to improved healthcare. 1 in 10 afghan teachers paid by British tax payer -unaware. Small rural schemes- drainage,clinics, small power projects, schools built by gov with international aid. 2008 HEP turbine set up - Helmand.
NO DEVELOPMENT WITHOUT SECURITY
deploying armed forces= stable environment-democratic, prosperous society- security= essential repairing- easier transport exportation of goods + more efficient aid distribution. only opium and hashish survive journey currently- generate 60% of economy + = 95% of UK's heroin- finances Taliban. 1.5 billion a year spent on combating drugs- talk to frank + cold storage sheds =freezer lorry searched at boarders- Bulgaria 2002 straight away 239 kg heroin.
1993 wb divided into palestinian towns and reural areas controled by fatah. parts controled by islamic military but administered by palestine. 703 km wall 8 m high in places surrounds the wb- cutting people of from thier jobs schools and land.
international law - Israel must supply water to Plalestine. Whole area in grip of drought for last few years. Israel prevent palestine develpoping new water sources + controls water supply- check points on roads e.g Beit furik in WB- to "stop terrorists" - sometimes dont let trucks through to get water. conflict over stealing water through illegal wells- 2,000 in Gaza. Rains a few months per year.
GAZA - ENVIRONMENT ENHANCES CONFLICT
many areas of infertile land - cant provide for themselfs -turn to organisations who offer aid but also bomb isreal. israel building next to boarder- taking more resources.
1993 - oslo accord = palestinian authority who had self determination over wb and gaza. second intifada 2000 = 3000 palestinians and 950 isrealis dead. 2006 hamas the militant leader who doesnt recognise isreals right to exist voted to power. gaza has 1.5 million people living in 360KM square. since 1967 500,000 israelis settled i west b and control parts of it.
1979 Soviet union invaded to inforce comunist government. USA against soviet union so backed rebels oposition mujahadeen. 1989 soviet union left -conflict continued. 1996 Taliban took gove control - a mujahadeen group who let al quaeda (middle eastern islamic extreamist group lead by Osama Bin Laden) groups set up bases in afghanistan. 1998 US launched missles at the bases. 2001 9/11 terrorist atacks w trade center and pentagon. Us demanded bin laden to trial, taliban refused to hand him over =
AFGHANISTAN -SOCIAL IMPACTS
11000 Citizens killed 2001-09. 1832 coalition troops killed. By 2010 3 million refugees fled to iran and pakistan refugee canps- lack basic suplies, cholera, TB out breakes.
The limited health and education services cant grow. coalition troop air strikes and knite rades spread fear. Taliban US soldiers and local security tourture prisoners.
AFGHANISTAN - ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Many countries paying for the war, in 2010: US $740 billion UK £11.1billion.
fear of terrorisem has lead to increased security in USA and UK airports, political and public events. Afghanistans economic growth has been prevented, it is now one of the poorest countries, relying on international aid. replacing and repairing in Afghanistan will be very expencive.
GAZA S WEST B - ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Estimates to have cost trillions of dollars. economic growth and development have been hindered
the majority of Palestinians are in poverty and rely on international aid- 4 million refugee camps are supported by UN refugee fund.
GAZA STRIP WEST BANK- CAUSES
Jews hadnt had own state for 2000y isreal their biblical land. Escaping persecution (antisemitisem) ww2 fled europ and joined few in palestine, conflict. 1947 un divided it into palestine and isreal. isreal biger had fewer people and better land. Jews acepted palestine and arab stated (siria, eygpt, jordan lebenon iraq)didnt= WAR. 100's of 100's of palestinians had to flee homes in what was now isreal -refuge in gaza and wb. Isreal took more land. 60's Palestinian Liberation Organisation formed to return isreal to palestine= armed conflict. 67 isreal siezed Gaza and WB in response. 1987 first intifada- palestinians demonstrating against occupation, ended in 1993 with peace talks, territi=orys returned.
GAZA STRIP WEST B-SOCIAL IMPACTS
1948- 10'S of thousands died, 700,000 palestinians became refugees in Gaza, WB, lebenon, syria Jordan- still in camps with desendents. Human rights concerns for civilians and prisoners. places of worship destroyed, unexploded land mines littrer landscape.