Week 4 - Operant Conditioning

Daniel Whiting
Quiz by Daniel Whiting, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Whiting
Created by Daniel Whiting about 3 years ago
100
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Description

Undergradtuate PSY236 - Learning Quiz on Week 4 - Operant Conditioning, created by Daniel Whiting on 08/29/2017.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are some of the ways we can reduce the rate of reinforcement for more resistance to extinction?
Answer
  • Increase response ratio
  • Introduce a delay between behavior and reinforcer
  • Sudden reduction of reinforcer
  • Changing reinforcers to a more or less desired option

Question 2

Question
The goal gradient hypothesis is that...
Answer
  • Subjects will move faster and faster as they approach a learned goal.
  • Soccer players run faster as they approach for a shot at goal.
  • That the gradient of the line in the response graph is reflective of the distance to reinforcement.
  • Subjects move fast at first but slow down as they come closer to a goal.

Question 3

Question
Which reinforcement schedules are most resistant to extinction?
Answer
  • Variable ratio
  • Variable interval
  • Fixed ratio
  • Fixed interval
  • Backwards conditioning
  • Delay conditioning

Question 4

Question
Label the patterns of reinforcement. DRI - Differential reinforcement of [blank_start]incompatible[blank_end] behavior DRA - Differential reinforcement of [blank_start]alternative[blank_end] behavior DRO - Differential reinforcement of [blank_start]other[blank_end] behavior DRL - Differential reinforcement of [blank_start]low[blank_end] rates of responding
Answer
  • incompatible
  • incomplete
  • alternative
  • another
  • other
  • optional
  • low
  • limited

Question 5

Question
What determines the effectiveness of a reinforcer?
Answer
  • Quality of reinforcer
  • Magnitude of reinforcer
  • Contrast effects
  • Length of delay between behavior and reinforcement
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