CC 102- (8) The Probation Officers Report

Alyssa Elligson
Quiz by Alyssa Elligson, updated more than 1 year ago
Alyssa Elligson
Created by Alyssa Elligson almost 4 years ago



Resource summary

Question 1

Caseload of a Probation Officer:
  • in Ontario, approx. 1,000 probation officers supervise approx. 60,000 individuals (majority -adults)
  • young people (12-17) are actively supervised as extra-judicial sanctions, probation cases & open custody residents
  • adults (18+) are probationers, conditional sentence cases & provincial parolees
  • none

Question 2

Most are supervised on a [blank_start]probation[blank_end] order: a legal document requiring the offender to comply with certain probation conditions for a specific period of time (adult probation cannot exceed [blank_start]3[blank_end] years)
  • probation
  • 3

Question 3

[blank_start]Probation[blank_end] orders have 3 standard conditions: 1. the offender shall keep the peace & be of good behaviour 2. the offender shall appear before the [blank_start]court[blank_end] when required to do so by the court 3. the offender shall notify the court or the probation officer in advance of any change of name, adress & promptly notify court or probation officer of change of employment
  • Probation
  • conditional
  • secure
  • court
  • justice of the peace
  • judicial courts

Question 4

Ensuring the conditions of probation are observed: -[blank_start]enforcement[blank_end] of probation conditions is an important part of a probation officer's job -According to Criminal Code, a person has breached probation when he has failed or refused to comply with a probation condition "without [blank_start]reasonable excuse[blank_end]" -PO makes final say on whether or not they breached probation order -rarely charge an offender who missed 1 or 2 appointments, however, if [blank_start]pattern[blank_end] develops they will pursue a charge (in exception to high-risk cases- pursue charge at concern of safety of public) Reasonable Excuse- [blank_start]mental health[blank_end] problems, not understanding why to keep appointments, PO has to preform other supervision
  • enforcement
  • reasonable excuse
  • pattern
  • mental health

Question 5

Community Service Work:
  • can cause problems for offenders with full-time jobs & other responsibilities
  • even more problematic with sex offenders & persons with disabilities - difficult to place in community service agency
  • Charlene, 36, full time job, didn't complete community service hours because of job & child, wasn't charged because she made reasonable effort
  • David, 20, sporadic work, failed to preform hours for first 3 months, then only completed 36/100, was charged with not completing community service work
  • is the most common form of probation used in Canada

Question 6

  • when amount of money is small & offenders can pay, restitution is paid and no enforcement is necessary
  • if amount is large and offender is unable to pay, he is set up for failure & enforcement for breach
  • Courts restitution condition reads: to pay restitution at a monthly rate until it is paid in full
  • when it is successful, it communicates a lesson for the offender & provides victims with a sense of closure
  • is a negative action, especially when they cannot pay

Question 7

Enforcing Conditions that restrict an offender's [blank_start]lifestyle[blank_end]: -easiest violations of probation to prove are also most difficult to obtain convictions: [blank_start]Lifestyle[blank_end] conditions include: -requiring offender to abstain from alcohol & drugs -requiring them to see a mental health professional on regular basis *[blank_start]violations[blank_end] are often discovered by police (picking them up drunk) or the PO (determining clients compliance with health care professional) -cases with high-risk offenders, high need offenders or persons with serious charges require more intensive supervision from PO within past 5 years, procedures regarding supervision of sex offenders & domestic assault offenders, mental health and substance abuse cases have become stringent (stressing ongoing contact with offenders, victims & treatment agencies)
  • lifestyle
  • life
  • daily activities
  • Lifestyle
  • routine life
  • Routine in a day
  • violations
  • issues
  • conditions

Question 8

Conditional Sentence offenders:
  • conditional sentences (1996) introduced as an additional sentencing option to fill void between probation & incarceration
  • have committed crimes that warrant imprisonment, but court does not consider them threatening to community (allowed to serve sentence at home)
  • can include house arrest (issues with this, finding work)
  • reporting condition is mandatory
  • breach has occurred, judge has 4 options: 1. take no action 2, change optional conditions 3. suspend conditional sentence & direct offender to custody 4. terminate conditional sentence & direct them to serve sentence in full in custody
  • means a conditional release of prison

Question 9

maximum period for young person probation is 2 years
  • True
  • False

Question 10

In terms of Young persons & the courts:
  • Probation order usually doesn't affect youth behaviour at home (parents complain, not PO's problem)
  • they impose as few conditions as possible on young persons, favouring restorative & rehabilitative aspects of probation
  • youth behaviour considered if probation condition = "amendable to the routine and discipline in the family home"
  • all of the above

Question 11

Successes: Rick- [blank_start]25[blank_end] years old, factory worker convicted of assault -placed on probation for 1 year -reported regularly & [blank_start]complied[blank_end] with conditions -he completed probation and moved to live with sister (success)
  • 25
  • complied

Question 12

Probation officers are responsible for ensuring offenders comply with their [blank_start]conditions[blank_end], returning them to court if conditions are [blank_start]violated[blank_end], providing [blank_start]support[blank_end], counselling & direction to assist in [blank_start]rehabilitation[blank_end] (reducing recidivism) & keeping public [blank_start]safe[blank_end] at all times
  • violated
  • conditions
  • support
  • rehabilitation
  • safe
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