PS 280- (6) Mood Disorders

Alyssa Elligson
Quiz by Alyssa Elligson, updated more than 1 year ago
Alyssa Elligson
Created by Alyssa Elligson over 3 years ago
18
1

Description

Psychology

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Mood disorders: Depressive Disorders:
Answer
  • DMDD- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
  • MDD- Major Depressive Disorder
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder
  • Premestrual Dysphoric Disorder

Question 2

Question
Bipolar Disorder:
Answer
  • Bipolar disorder 1 or 2
  • cyclothymic disorder
  • major depressive disorder

Question 3

Question
(A) Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (MDD): Young [blank_start]children[blank_end] only -severe & frequent [blank_start]temper tantrums[blank_end] interfere with ability to function at home, school, with friends -usually more likely to develop problems with depression or anxiety in adulthood Symptoms include: -severe temper outbursts at least 3 times a week -sad, irritable, or angry mood almost everyday -reaction is bigger than expected -child must be at least [blank_start]6[blank_end] years old -symptoms begin before age 10 -symptoms are present for at least [blank_start]1[blank_end] year -child has trouble functioning in more than 1 place
Answer
  • children
  • adults
  • youths
  • temper tantrums
  • feelings of sadness
  • feelings of pain
  • feelings of anger
  • 6
  • 5
  • 7
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 6 months

Question 4

Question
(B) Major [blank_start]Depressive[blank_end] Disorder (MDD): 5 + symptoms in a 2 week period 1. reports of feeling depressed or sad most of day 2. loss of [blank_start]interest[blank_end] or ability to derive pleasure 3. significant weight loss (appetite) 4. difficulty [blank_start]sleeping[blank_end] 5. slowed down or agitated throughout day 6. feeling fatigued or a loss of energy 7. feelings of worthlessness (guilt) 8. difficulties concentrating 9. thoughts of death or [blank_start]suicide[blank_end] significant distress or impairment in functioning
Answer
  • Depressive
  • interest
  • sleeping
  • suicide

Question 5

Question
Prevalence of MDD
Answer
  • episodes usually last 6-9 months (severe cases -psychotic features)
  • lifetime prevalence: 12% of Canadian adults (female > male 2:1)
  • at least 50% have repeated occurrences
  • most frequently comorbid with Bipolar

Question 6

Question
Risk factors for MDD: *[blank_start]Age[blank_end] (initial onset more common among younger adults) *[blank_start]SES[blank_end] *[blank_start]Marital[blank_end] Status (separated, divorced, higher risk) *Aboriginal Status *[blank_start]Gender[blank_end] (15-64 yrs old female > male)
Answer
  • Age
  • ses
  • old age
  • SES
  • age
  • marriage
  • Marital
  • indian
  • Gender
  • aboriginal

Question 7

Question
[blank_start]Seasonal[blank_end] Affective Disorder (SAD): female > male ; young adults Symptoms: -increased [blank_start]appetite[blank_end] -weight gain -greater need for sleep WHY: -biological rhythm disturbances (melatonin) -serotonin [blank_start]deficiencies[blank_end] Treatment: [blank_start]phototherapy[blank_end] (60-90% will respond)
Answer
  • Seasonal
  • Situational
  • Seasons
  • appetite
  • decreased appetite
  • feelings of worthiness
  • phototherapy
  • talk therapy
  • hypnotism
  • deficiencies
  • increases
  • levels higher

Question 8

Question
(C) [blank_start]Persistent[blank_end] Depressive Disorder: -less severe + more chronic Symptoms: -change in appetite -not enjoying things previously enjoyed -sleep disturbances -loss of concentration -persists for at least [blank_start]2[blank_end] years *both dysthymia & MDD at same time is possible
Answer
  • Persistent
  • Seasonal
  • Predictable
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3
  • 4

Question 9

Question
Diagnostic Criteria for Manic Episode:
Answer
  • mood abnormally and consistently elevated, expansive or irritable for at least 1 week
  • during mood being elevated, 3 or more are present: 1. excessive self-esteem 2. less need for sleep 3. more talkative than usual 4. thoughts are racing 5. easily distracted
  • increase in behaviour aimed at achieving goal
  • impulsive acts aimed at increasing feeling of pleasure (e.g. shopping)

Question 10

Question
Diagnostic Criteria for Hypo-manic Episode:
Answer
  • for at least 4 days, nearly everyday
  • less severe symptoms, change in functioning, not marked impairment
  • more severe symptoms
  • impaired functioning

Question 11

Question
[blank_start]Bipolar[blank_end] Disorder: -rare to experience episode of mania without accompanying depression at some point in life -depressions last longer than the manic episode -between episodes, may have [blank_start]normal[blank_end] mood, or may have periods of dysthymic symptoms -Less common vs MDD- female= male *Specifier- rapid cycling- 2+ full cycles of mania & depression in 1 year Note- respond [blank_start]less[blank_end] well to medications
Answer
  • Bipolar
  • normal
  • less

Question 12

Question
what is Cyclothymic Disorder?
Answer
  • longstanding pattern of alternating mood episodes that do not meet the criteria for MDD or manic episode
  • duration of at least 2 years (1 for teens & children) with recurrent periods of mild depression alternating with hypnotic
  • could be called mild form of bipolar - 1/3 go on to develop bipolar
  • all of the above

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Etiology[blank_end] of Bipolar Disorder: -interaction of social, biological, psychological variables Stress & mood disorders: -life stress, loss of some kind -most cases of MDD are preceded by stressful [blank_start]life event[blank_end] -psychodynamic perspectives (anger turned upwards) Coping Styles & Social Support: -may act as buffers
Answer
  • Etiology
  • beginning
  • start
  • variables
  • life event
  • people in their lives
  • coping strategies

Question 14

Question
in terms of the humanistic perspective, depression may result from the inability to find meaning & purpose in one's life
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Aaron Beck: -negative [blank_start]schemas[blank_end] & expectations ("Im not good enough") -cognitive distortions -distorted [blank_start]thinking[blank_end] -negative view of: oneself, environment, future -learned helplessness/ [blank_start]hope[blank_end]lessness
Answer
  • schemas
  • thinking
  • hope

Question 16

Question
Biological Models: (A) [blank_start]Genetic[blank_end] Evidence: -depression & bipolar run in [blank_start]families[blank_end] -family studies: the closer genetic relationship *Genetic contribution is stronger for bipolar vs. depressive (B) Biochemical Factors & Brain Abnormalities: -cause or effect? Catechloamine Ho: non-functioning NE or DA -depression- receptors too few or insensitive support= anti-depressants boost NE work Prefrontal cortex: lower metabolic activity--> lower motivation *limbic system abnormalities: -[blank_start]hippocampus[blank_end]: lower metabolic activity: higher levels of cortisol -[blank_start]amygdala[blank_end]: enlarged
Answer
  • families
  • blood
  • DNA
  • Genetic
  • Biological
  • Cognitive
  • hippocampus
  • Amygdala
  • Pre-frontal Cortex
  • amygdala
  • Hippocampus
  • frontal lobe

Question 17

Question
Psychological Treatment:
Answer
  • Interpersonal Psychotherapy
  • Behavioural approaches
  • Cognitive-Based Treatment (CBT)
  • Antidepressant Pharmacotherapy
  • Mood stabilizers
  • ECT (Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) For depression
  • all of the above

Question 18

Question
90% of those who complete suicide are mentally ill at the time of their death over 70% are clinically depressed as many as 75% of adolescents suicides had a mood disorder
Answer
  • True
  • False
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