Coastal Landscapes

Louise Elmslie
Quiz by Louise Elmslie, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Louise Elmslie
Created by Louise Elmslie almost 2 years ago
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Description

A quiz on the Coasts topic for GCSE Geography
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How do waves form?
Answer
  • Waves form by the wind blowing over the sea
  • Waves form due to the pull and stretch of the tides
  • Waves are formed due to the four processes of coastal erosion
  • Waves can be formed due to the gravitational pull of the earth on the water that changes over time as the earth spins

Question 2

Question
What is the fetch?
Answer
  • The length of a wave
  • The distance that the wind blows over
  • A characteristic of destructive waves
  • The distance of water that is pulled up the beach

Question 3

Question
A tsunami is caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption that shakes the seabed
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
What is the swash?
Answer
  • The foam on the surface of the wave
  • The water that flows back towards the beach
  • The water that rushes up the beach

Question 5

Question
What are the features of a constructive wave?
Answer
  • Low wave
  • Powerful backwash
  • Powerful swash
  • Wave crests close together
  • Carry and deposit large amounts of sand and pebbles
  • Formed by storms that are hundreds of kilometres away

Question 6

Question
What are the features of a destructive wave?
Answer
  • Waves spaced closely together
  • Gently sloping wave front
  • Powerful swash
  • Strong backwash
  • Forms a steep beach
  • Can destroy the beach by removing sediment

Question 7

Question
What causes cliffs to collapse?
Answer
  • Weathering
  • Overpopulation
  • Mass movement
  • The weather
  • A change in climate

Question 8

Question
Mechanical ([blank_start]Physical[blank_end]) weathering is the [blank_start]disintegration[blank_end] (break-up) of rocks. Where this happens, piles of rock fragments called [blank_start]scree[blank_end] can be found at the foot of cliffs.
Answer
  • Physical
  • Mass movement
  • Chemical
  • Collapsation
  • disintegration
  • movement
  • cracking
  • expansion
  • scree
  • fragments
  • residue
  • flakes

Question 9

Question
Chemical weathering- caused by [blank_start]chemical[blank_end] changes. [blank_start]Rainwater[blank_end], which as slightly [blank_start]acidic[blank_end], gradually dissolves certain types of rocks and [blank_start]minerals[blank_end].
Answer
  • chemical
  • physical
  • biological
  • climate
  • Rainwater
  • Seawater
  • Mud
  • acidic
  • alkaline
  • hot
  • hazardous
  • minerals
  • stones
  • pebbles
  • clay

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Biological[blank_end] weathering- due to the actions of flora and [blank_start]fauna[blank_end]. Plant roots grow in cracks in the rocks, and animals such as [blank_start]rabbits[blank_end] burrow into weak rocks like sands.
Answer
  • Biological
  • fauna
  • rabbits
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