W8 Psychological disorders

wadey
Quiz by wadey, updated more than 1 year ago
wadey
Created by wadey over 6 years ago
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Description

HPS775 (Week 08: Psychological disorders) Quiz on W8 Psychological disorders, created by wadey on 10/11/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
A study found that depressed people showed an increased response to facial expressions of fear and a decreased response to happy expressions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Depression is more common in men than women
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Most depressed people have decreased activity in the left and increased activity in the right prefrontal cortex
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors normally inhibit reuptake of serotonin
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Antidepressant drugs have effects at the synapse within hours, but may take weeks to change behaviour
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Bipolar II disorder is a more severe form of mania than bipolar I disorder
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Generally speaking, dopamine and glutamate have opposite effects in the prefrontal cortex
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Atypical antipsychotics are effective in treating only the positive symptoms of schizophrenia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Schizophrenia is a one-gene disorder and a one-neurotransmitter disorder
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
The differences between ordinary and major depression depend on:
Answer
  • Intensity and duration
  • When they occur in one's lifespan
  • Geographic location and gender
  • Society and diet

Question 11

Question
On average, those with the short form of the _____ gene and a history of stressful experiences reported more than averages symptoms of depression
Answer
  • Dopamine
  • Acetylcholine
  • Serotonin
  • Calcium

Question 12

Question
Which of the following MOST strongly increases your risk of depression?
Answer
  • Relatives with late-onset depression
  • Relatives with early-onset depression
  • Spending time with a depressed person (regardless of being related)
  • Living in South America

Question 13

Question
SSRIs work similarly to:
Answer
  • MAOIs
  • Tricyclics
  • Antabuse
  • L-Dopa

Question 14

Question
In contrast to tricyclics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
Answer
  • Increase action potential velocity
  • Block reuptake of both catecholamines and serotonin
  • Block the reuptake of only serotonin
  • Act on the left hemisphere while tricyclics act on the right

Question 15

Question
When ECT proved to be ineffective for schizophrenia, it was:
Answer
  • Used to enhance memory
  • Abandoned as a means of treatment for psychiatric disorders
  • Used to stimulate the immune system
  • Used to treat other mental illnesses

Question 16

Question
The cheapest and simplest antidepressant procedure is:
Answer
  • Food deprivation
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Massage
  • Regular non-strenuous exercise

Question 17

Question
Someone with bipolar disorder alternates between:
Answer
  • Mania and normal
  • Schizophrenia and normal
  • Depression and dementia
  • Mania and depression

Question 18

Question
Lithium is most commonly prescribed for which disorder?
Answer
  • Endogenous depression
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Reactive depression
  • Bipolar disorder

Question 19

Question
People suffering from seasonal affective disorder are most likely to become depressed in the:
Answer
  • Autumn
  • Days after any holiday
  • Winter
  • Spring

Question 20

Question
Which of the following is NOT a common characteristic of schizophrenia?
Answer
  • Delusions
  • Deterioration of everyday functioning
  • Impaired understanding of abstract concepts
  • Alternation between one personality and another

Question 21

Question
An example of a "negative symptom" of schizophrenia is:
Answer
  • Poor emotional expression
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Thought disorder

Question 22

Question
A first diagnosis of schizophrenia is usually made for a person in which age range?
Answer
  • 20s
  • Preteens
  • 30s or 40s
  • 50s or beyond

Question 23

Question
Which of the following increases the probability that someone will develop schizophrenia?
Answer
  • Having at least one older brother
  • Having an older than average father
  • Being the only child in the family
  • Having a mother who is older than the father

Question 24

Question
Concerning the genetics of schizophrenia, which of these currently seems most likely?
Answer
  • Most cases are due to a single gene, but researchers have not found that gene
  • Most cases can be traced to a single gene, which has been identified
  • Schizophrenia requires a combination of two uncommon genes
  • Schizophrenia often results from a new micro deletion of part of a chromosome

Question 25

Question
Brain damage common to schizophrenia includes:
Answer
  • Proliferation of glial cells
  • Larger than normal cerebral ventricles
  • Loss of axons between the substantial nigra and the basal ganglia
  • Heavier forebrain

Question 26

Question
According to the dopamine hypothesis, what causes schizophrenia?
Answer
  • Deficient activity at dopamine synapses
  • Excessive activity at dopamine synapses
  • An unusual point of origin for dopamine fibres in the brain
  • An unusual course and destination of dopamine fibres in the brain

Question 27

Question
An alternative to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is the proposal that schizophrenia may be due to a deficiency of activity of _____ synapses.
Answer
  • Glutamate
  • Serotonin
  • Substance P
  • Acetylcholine

Question 28

Question
A serious side effect that develops in some people after prolonged use of neuroleptic drugs is:
Answer
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Tardive dyskinesia
  • Saccadic eye movements
  • Seasonal affective disorder

Question 29

Question
What kind of drug alleviates schizophrenia with little risk of producing tardive dyskinesia
Answer
  • Atypical antipsychotics
  • Neuroleptics
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Lithium

Question 30

Question
The difference between ordinary and major depression depends on:
Answer
  • When they occur in one's lifetime
  • Intensity and duration
  • Geographic location and gender
  • Society and diet

Question 31

Question
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of depression?
Answer
  • Impulsiveness
  • Sleep disorders
  • Inactivity
  • Suicidal tendencies

Question 32

Question
Major depression is diagnosed about _____ in women as in men
Answer
  • Four times as often
  • The same
  • Three times as often
  • Twice as often

Question 33

Question
Which of the following is true of depression?
Answer
  • A single gene has been identified that causes depression
  • Men are more likely to be depressed than women
  • The influence of traumatic events during young adulthood depends on particular genes for serotonin
  • Female hormone levels are strongly correlated with depression

Question 34

Question
Most depressed people show _____ activity in the _____ prefrontal cortex
Answer
  • Increased ; left
  • Decreased; left
  • Decreased; right
  • Increased; right and left

Question 35

Question
Tricyclic drugs work by:
Answer
  • Blocking the release of catecholamines
  • Preventing the presynaptic cell from reabsorbing catecholamines
  • Directly stimulating the postsynaptic cell's catecholamines receptors
  • Increasing the rate of synthesis of catecholamines

Question 36

Question
Which category of antidepressant drug operates by blocking the enzyme that metabolises catecholamines and serotonins into inactive forms?
Answer
  • Tricyclics
  • MAOIs
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • Atypical antidepressants

Question 37

Question
Electroconvulsive shock therapy is sometimes recommended for patients with strong suicidal tendencies because it:
Answer
  • Produces its benefits faster
  • Does not impair memory
  • Produces permanent, not temporary relief
  • Is based on a theory, not just trial and error disoceries

Question 38

Question
People with unipolar disorder are characterised by:
Answer
  • Obsessions and compulsions
  • Varying between depression and mania
  • Varying between depression and a normal mood
  • Chemical imbalances in one half of their brain

Question 39

Question
Someone with bipolar disorder alternates between:
Answer
  • Schizophrenia and normal
  • Mania and normal
  • Depression and dementia
  • Mania and depression

Question 40

Question
Lithium is most commonly prescribed for which disorder
Answer
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Endogenous depression
  • Reactive depression
  • Bipolar disorder

Question 41

Question
Someone with deterioration of everyday functioning and hallucinations or delusions or thought disorders would likely to be classified as having which disorder?
Answer
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Klinefelter's syndrome

Question 42

Question
Acute schizophrenia has
Answer
  • Slow onset and a long-term course
  • Sudden onset and good prospects for recovery
  • Alternation between positive and negative symptoms
  • A mixture of positive and negative symptoms simultaneously

Question 43

Question
A schizophrenic patient whose main symptoms are lack of emotional expression, lack of social interaction, and lack of speech is suffering from:
Answer
  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms
  • Thought disorders
  • Delusions

Question 44

Question
Cell bodies in the brains of people with schizophrenia are especially smaller than normal in the:
Answer
  • Hippocampus and hypothalamus
  • Thalamus and hypothalamus
  • Hippocampus and prefrontal cortex
  • Medulla and pons

Question 45

Question
Why is blocking dopamine synapses to relieve schizophrenic symptoms not a strong clue about the underlying problem?
Answer
  • It only works for about 10-15% of all patients
  • It takes 2-3 weeks to affect a behavioural change
  • It only works for about 2-3 weeks
  • People with schizophrenia produce too much dopamine

Question 46

Question
Imipramine operates by blocking the reuptake of catecholamines and serotonin by presynaptic terminals. This drug will be classified as a/an:
Answer
  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
  • b. Selective serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
  • c. Tricyclic
  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 47

Question
Nardil operates by blocking the enzyme that metabolizes catecholamines and serotonin into inactive forms. This drug will be classified as a/an:
Answer
  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
  • b. Selective serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
  • c. Tricyclic
  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 48

Question
Prozac operates by blocking the reuptake of serotonin. This drug will be classified as a/an:
Answer
  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
  • b. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
  • c. Tricyclic
  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 49

Question
Sam is suffering from periods of restless activity, excitement, laughter, self-confidence, rambling speech and loss of inhibitions; which alternate with periods of depression.
Answer
  • Schizophrenia
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Anxiety

Question 50

Question
People with full-blown episodes of mania are said to have:
Answer
  • a. Bipolar II
  • b. Bipolar I
  • c. Hypomania
  • d. ADHD
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