Mod 2 - matrix

Mitch Thornell
Quiz by Mitch Thornell, updated more than 1 year ago
Mitch Thornell
Created by Mitch Thornell about 2 years ago
16
2

Description

Tri 2 patho Quiz on Mod 2 - matrix, created by Mitch Thornell on 09/15/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Pneumonia is not classified by
Answer
  • Causitive agent
  • Pattern of lung involvement
  • Setting where it occured
  • Duration (acute vs Chronic pneumonia)

Question 2

Question
What is the most common cause of viral pneumonia?
Answer
  • influenza
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Candida

Question 3

Question
Which of the following describes lobar pneumonia?
Answer
  • sudden onset of fever and chills, with rales and rusty sputum
  • insidious onset, diffuse interstitial infection
  • viral infection causing nonproductive cough and pleuritic pain
  • opportunistic bacteria cause low-grade fever with cough and thick greenish sputum

Question 4

Question
How does severe hypoxia develop with pneumonia?
Answer
  • acidosis depresses respirations
  • oxygen diffusion is impaired by the congestion
  • inflammatory exudate absorbs oxygen from the alveolar air
  • infection reduces effective compensation by the heart

Question 5

Question
Rust-colored sputum in a patient with pneumonia usually indicates:
Answer
  • secondary hemorrhage in the lungs
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae is the infecting agent
  • prolonged stasis of mucous secretions in the airways
  • persistent coughing has damaged the mucosa in the bronchi

Question 6

Question
Pleurisy associated with lobar pneumonia is manifested by:
Answer
  • rales and hemoptysis
  • severe dyspnea, fever and chills
  • cyclic chest pain and friction rub
  • productive cough with rusty sputum

Question 7

Question
Aspiration pneumonia is usually caused by aspiration of:
Answer
  • sharp pointed objects
  • solid round objects
  • water
  • liquids such as oils or milk

Question 8

Question
A 10-year-old female develops pneumonia following a urinary tract infection. Physical exam reveals subcostal and intercostal retractions. She reports that breathing is difficult and she feels she cannot get enough air. This condition is referred to as:
Answer
  • dyspnoea.
  • cyanosis
  • orthopnoea
  • hyperpnoea

Question 9

Question
Pneumonia is caused by:
Answer
  • use of anaesthetic agents in surgery
  • atelectasis
  • chronic lung changes seen with ageing
  • viral or bacterial infections

Question 10

Question
A pneumonia that occurs 48 hours or more after admission to the hospital is considered
Answer
  • hospital-acquired pneumonia.
  • community-acquired pneumonia.
  • Health care–associated
  • viral pneumonia

Question 11

Question
The three major setting categories for pneumonia are;
Answer
  • hospital-acquired pneumonia
  • health care–associated pneumonia
  • community-acquired
  • Crowded pneumonia

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is not a common cause of pneumonia
Answer
  • Infection from pathogen
  • Inhalation of aerosols
  • Aspiration of solids, such as crayons
  • Direct inoculation from surgical equipment

Question 13

Question
Lobar pneumonia
Answer
  • Inflammation of whole or large portion of lobe
  • Diffuse Inflammation across all lobes of the lungs
  • Diffuse interstitial infiltrates
  • presents on the outside of the lung and effects the pleural membrane

Question 14

Question
Pneumonia that has an uniformed inflammation of whole or large portion of a lobe, and is characterised with rusty looking sputum
Answer
  • Lobar pneumonia
  • Bronchopneumonia
  • Brachial pneumonia
  • Restrictive pneumonia

Question 15

Question
Pneumonia caused by inflammation of interstitium?
Answer
  • Bronchopneumonia
  • Lobar pneumonia
  • Brachial Pneumonia
  • Cardiac pneumonia

Question 16

Question
abnormal sounds from air mixing with excessive secretions in lungs
Answer
  • Crackles and rhonchi
  • Crackles (rales)
  • Ronchi
  • Stridor

Question 17

Question
light bubbly/crackling sounds due to serous secretions
Answer
  • Crackles (rales)
  • Ronchi
  • Crackles and rhonchi
  • Wheezing

Question 18

Question
deeper, harsher sounds from thicker mucous
Answer
  • Rhonchi
  • Crackles (rales)
  • Stridor
  • Wheezing

Question 19

Question
indicate non-aeration/lung collapse (atelectasis)
Answer
  • Absent breath sounds
  • Wheezing/whistling sounds
  • Stridor
  • Rhonchi and Crackles

Question 20

Question
indicate small airway obstruction
Answer
  • Absent breath sounds
  • Wheezing/whistling sounds
  • Stridor
  • Rhonchi

Question 21

Question
Indicates upper airway obstruction
Answer
  • Stridor
  • Wheezing
  • Crackles
  • Rhonchi

Question 22

Question
What is FEV1?
Answer
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 second
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 minute
  • Forced expiratory volume averaged over 1 minute

Question 23

Question
FVC means
Answer
  • Forced vital capacity
  • Forced volume capacity
  • forced vital circulation

Question 24

Question
on a spirogram describe the general shape for a patient with a restrictive disorder?
Answer
  • same as normal except much lower
  • lower gradient then normal (takes longer to get to FVC
  • no change as restrictive disorders will not effect expiration

Question 25

Question
On a spirogram, describe the shape of an obstructive disorder
Answer
  • the slope before the plateau is longer then normal; FVC is also lower then a normal spirogram
  • Same shape as normal, just lower FVC
  • exactly the same as normal

Question 26

Question
Describe the FEV1, FVC and FEV1;FVC ratio in an obstructive disorder compared to normal in a spirometry test
Answer
  • FEV 1 - LOW FVC - LOW FEV1/FVC - >80%
  • FEV 1 - high FVC - high FEV1/FVC - >80%
  • FEV 1 - LOW FVC - LOW FEV1/FVC - <80%
  • FEV 1 - high FVC - high FEV1/FVC - <80%

Question 27

Question
Describe the FEV1, FVC and FEV1;FVC in a restictive disorder compared to the normal
Answer
  • FEV 1 - LOW FVC - LOW FEV1/FVC - <80%
  • FEV 1 - high FVC - high FEV1/FVC - <80%
  • FEV 1 - LOW FVC - LOW FEV1/FVC - >80%
  • FEV 1 - high FVC - high FEV1/FVC - >80%
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

GCSE History of Medicine: Key Individuals
James McConnell
Prática para o TOEFL
miminoma
Chemistry 1
Peter Hoskins
Teaching students to be digitally literate
Micheal Heffernan
10 good study habits every student should have
Micheal Heffernan
Using GoConqr to teach Maths
Sarah Egan
SFDC App Builder I (51-75)
Connie Woolard
SISTEMAS Y RELACIONES
cecy menchaca
REGISTRO DE CUENTAS CONTABLES
FERNANDO BAQUERO
Data Types
Santiago Castillo
Tipos de luz
Yiseth M. A