Menstrual Disorders

Matthew Coulson
Quiz by Matthew Coulson, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Coulson
Created by Matthew Coulson almost 2 years ago
5
1

Description

Menstrual Disorders lecture given on 07/11/2018

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
In the primary stage of the menstrual cycle, which pituitary hormone is responsible for stimulating ovarian follicle development?
Answer
  • LH
  • FSH
  • ACTH
  • Prolactin
  • Growth Hormone
  • ADH
  • Oxytocin

Question 2

Question
A surge of which pituitary hormone triggers ovulation?
Answer
  • FSH
  • LH
  • Oxytocin
  • ADH
  • ACTH
  • Growth Hormone
  • TSH

Question 3

Question
The [blank_start]Corpus Luteum[blank_end] is a hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun.
Answer
  • Corpus Luteum

Question 4

Question
The corpus luteum secretes [blank_start]progesterone[blank_end], which is a steroid hormone responsible for the development of the endometrium
Answer
  • progesterone

Question 5

Question
The average menstrual cycle last [blank_start]28[blank_end] days
Answer
  • 28

Question 6

Question
Breakdown of the corpus luteum (luteolysis) typically occurs [blank_start]14 days[blank_end] post ovulation
Answer
  • 14 days
  • 7 days
  • 4 days
  • 24 hours

Question 7

Question
Stages of the menstrual cycle: [blank_start]Follicular phase[blank_end] = FSH stimulates follicle development. Raising oestrogen levels inhibit FSH production, therefore all follicles other than the dominant follicle die [blank_start]Ovulation[blank_end] = Release of oocyte from ruptured dominant follicle [blank_start]Luteal Phase[blank_end] = Formation of corpus luteum
Answer
  • Luteal Phase
  • Ovulation
  • Follicular phase
  • Menstrual phase

Question 8

Question
During menstruation, arteriolar constriction brings above shedding of the functional layer of the [blank_start]endometrium[blank_end]
Answer
  • endometrium

Question 9

Question
Whilst the average menstrual cycle is 4 weeks long (28 days), a normal menstrual cycle is considered anything between [blank_start]3[blank_end] and [blank_start]5[blank_end] weeks in frequency.
Answer
  • 3
  • 3.5
  • 2.5
  • 5
  • 4.5
  • 6

Question 10

Question
The passing of clots is a normal finding for a woman undergoing menstruation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Menstrual bleeding should be light - there should not be in excess of [blank_start]80[blank_end]ml passed.
Answer
  • 80
  • 120
  • 50

Question 12

Question
Menorrhagia: [blank_start]Prolonged and increased menstrual flow[blank_end] Metrorrhagia: [blank_start]Regular intermenstrual bleeding[blank_end] Polymenorrhoea: [blank_start]Periods occurring at < 21 day interval[blank_end] Amenorrhoea: [blank_start]Absence of menstruation > 6 months[blank_end] Oligomenorrhoea: [blank_start]Periods at intervals of > 35 days[blank_end]
Answer
  • Periods at intervals of > 35 days
  • Absence of menstruation > 6 months
  • Periods occurring at < 21 day interval
  • Prolonged and increased menstrual flow
  • Regular intermenstrual bleeding

Question 13

Question
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is typically caused by which organism?
Answer
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Herpes
  • Haemophilus

Question 14

Question
Chlamydia infection typically affects which structure?
Answer
  • Fallopian Tubes
  • Cervix
  • Uterus
  • Vagina
  • Ovaries

Question 15

Question
Which layer of the uterus is most prone to development of carcinomas? [blank_start]Endometrium[blank_end]
Answer
  • Endometrium

Question 16

Question
A woman presents to her GP complaining of heavy, painful periods. She describes that she has recently found sex painful. After referral to Ninewells and the relevant investigations have been conducted, she is diagnosed with benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. This is known clinically as ...
Answer
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Adenomyosis
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Endometrial Hyperplasia
  • Cervical Eversion

Question 17

Question
The following picture shows which condition?
Image:
Picture63
Answer
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Adenomyosis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Question 18

Question
Which condition can be described as the following: "an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside of your uterus, most commonly in your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. [blank_start]Endometriosis[blank_end]
Answer
  • Endometriosis

Question 19

Question
[blank_start]Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding[blank_end] is a condition affecting 50% of women with abnormal uterine bleeding. This diagnosis is made by exclusion and is also known as non-organic menorrhagia.
Answer
  • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding

Question 20

Question
Endometrial Carcinomas typically affect women who are [blank_start]post[blank_end]-menopausal - the peak age of incidence being around [blank_start]60[blank_end] years old
Answer
  • post
  • pre
  • 60
  • 80
  • 35
  • 25

Question 21

Question
Most cases of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding are ...
Answer
  • Anovulatory
  • Ovulatory

Question 22

Question
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding: Tends to present with an [blank_start]irregular[blank_end] cycle of menorrhagia More common in [blank_start]obese[blank_end] women
Answer
  • obese
  • underweight
  • irregular
  • regular

Question 23

Question
Ovulatory Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (the less common type) is thought to be caused by an inadequate production of [blank_start]progesterone[blank_end] by the corpus luteum.
Answer
  • progesterone

Question 24

Question
The thicker a woman's endometrium, the more likely she is to develop endometrial carcinoma.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Investigations of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding may require imaging of the uterus. Where Ultrasound scans are not enough, a scope can be inserted into the vagina and into the uterus in order to view its contents. This procedure is called [blank_start]Hysteroscopy[blank_end]
Image:
Picture64
Answer
  • Hysteroscopy

Question 26

Question
Which of the following are the two main treatments for Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding?
Answer
  • Progestogens (Synthetic Progesterone)
  • Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill
  • Danazol
  • GnRH Analogues
  • NSAIDs
  • Capillary Wall Stabilisers

Question 27

Question
Patients that fail on [blank_start]2[blank_end] medical therapies for Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding are typically then given a progestogen-releasing intrauterine device in the form of a coil.
Answer
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Question 28

Question
If medical treatments fail for Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding, surgical treatment in the form of endometrial [blank_start]ablation[blank_end] should be attempted. If this is unsuccessful, surgical removal of the uterus (called a [blank_start]hysterectomy[blank_end]) should be considered.
Answer
  • ablation
  • hysterectomy

Question 29

Question
A sub-total hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus but preservation of the [blank_start]cervix[blank_end].
Answer
  • cervix
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Epithelial tissue
Morgan Morgan
Female Menstrual Cycle (Grade 10)
Leviticus777
Epidemiology
Danielle Richardson
History of Medicine: Ancient Ideas
James McConnell
4. The Skeletal System - bones of the skull
t.whittingham
Neuro anatomy
James Murdoch
Renal System A&P
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
The Endocrine System
DrABC
Medical Terminology
khachoe_pema
Diabetes - pathophysiology
Morgan Morgan