Which 3 clinical signs make up the triad of pre-eclampsia? (alphabetical order)
Blood pressure is typically [blank_start]decreased[blank_end] in pregnancy
Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure of greater than [blank_start]140/90[blank_end] on 2 occasions or a blood pressure of greater than [blank_start]160/110[blank_end] on one occasion.
Pregnancy induced hypertension tends to occur in the [blank_start]second[blank_end] half of pregnancy ([blank_start]weeks 21-40[blank_end])
Absence of one of the triad of signs for pre-eclampsia is enough to rule it out clinically.
Whilst its definitive cause remains unknown, it is thought that pre-eclampsia occurs due to a defective [blank_start]placenta[blank_end]
Pre-eclampsia tends to present in the [blank_start]2nd trimester[blank_end]
Pre-eclampsia is a condition which typically affects only the placental vasculature. No other systems tend to be affected, allowing a low dose of aspirin to be used as the treatment to specifically target the origin of the disease.
Pre-eclampsia causes proteinuria due to damaging the vasculature supplying the ...
A rare variant of pre-eclampsia caused by liver dysfunction is called HELLP Syndrome (acronym). What are the three constituents of this syndrome?
H = [blank_start]Haemolysis[blank_end]
EL = [blank_start]Elevated Liver enzymes[blank_end]
LP = [blank_start]Low Platelets[blank_end]
Elevated Liver enzymes
Pain from the liver is typically felt in the [blank_start]epigastric[blank_end] region however can also be referred to the [blank_start]right shoulder[blank_end].
Which 3 of the following form some of the main symptoms of pre-eclampsia?
Nausea & Vomiting
Paraesthesia of the legs
Does eclampsia present with upper or lower motor neuron signs?
UMN signs such as hyperreflexia, involuntary movements, etc
LMN signs such as hyporeflexia, flaccidity, etc
Which specific scan is typically conducted in order to diagnose pre-eclampsia
Uterine Artery Doppler Ultrasound scan
Uterine Arteriography Scan
Uterine Artery Fluoroscopy
A pregnant woman with hypertension at <20 weeks gestation is likely to have had pre-existing hypertension
The definitive treatment for pre-eclampsia is low dose aspirin.
Which class of drugs are typically given to a woman during pre-term labour in order to increase the pulmonary surfactant production by her child?
Women at a moderate-high risk of pre-eclampsia should be given which prophylactic treatment?
[blank_start]Low dose Aspirin[blank_end]
Low dose Aspirin
Low Dose Aspirin should be given to moderate-high risk women as of [blank_start]12[blank_end] weeks gestation
Which two of the following medication types are teratogenic?
Which type of seizures typically occur due to eclampsia?
Which of the following is an antihypertensive that is typically given in cases of severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia?
Which drug is used to prevent or terminate seizures caused by eclampsia?
IV [blank_start]Magnesium Sulphate[blank_end]