# Quiz #2 [MCQ | Chapters 13,17,18]

Quiz by Good Guy Beket, updated more than 1 year ago
 Created by Good Guy Beket almost 2 years ago
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### Description

Hell on Earth Economics [Teacher: Abdinova Makpal ; Final Exam + Quizzes] ▼ (Quizzes #2 & #3 [Chapters 1-3, 4-6, 13-17-18, 23-24]) Quiz on Quiz #2 [MCQ | Chapters 13,17,18], created by Good Guy Beket on 12/02/2018.

## Resource summary

### Question 1

Question
Accounting profit is equal to total revenue minus
• implicit costs.
• variable costs.
• the sum of implicit and explicit costs.
• explicit costs.
• marginal costs.

### Question 2

Question
Economic profit is equal to total revenue minus
• variable costs.
• implicit costs.
• explicit costs.
• marginal costs.

### Question 3

Question
Nicole owns a small pottery factory. She can make 1,000 pieces of pottery per year and sell them for €100 each. It costs Nicole €20,000 for the raw materials to produce the 1,000 pieces of pottery. She has invested €100,000 in her factory and equipment: €50,000 from her savings and €50,000 borrowed at 10 per cent. (Assume that she could have loaned her money out at 10 per cent, too.) Nicole can work at a competing pottery factory for €40,000 per year. The accounting profit at Nicole's pottery factory is
• €30,000.
• €35,000.
• €75,000.
• €70,000.
• €80,000

### Question 4

Question
Nicole owns a small pottery factory. She can make 1,000 pieces of pottery per year and sell them for €100 each. It costs Nicole €20,000 for the raw materials to produce the 1,000 pieces of pottery. She has invested €100,000 in her factory and equipment: €50,000 from her savings and €50,000 borrowed at 10 percent (assume that she could have loaned her money out at 10 percent, too). Nicole can work at a competing pottery factory for €40,000 per year. The economic profit at Nicole's pottery factory is
• €80,000.
• €30,000.
• €75,000.
• €70,000.
• €35,000.

### Question 5

Question
If there are implicit costs of production,
• accounting profit will exceed economic profit.
• economic profit will always be zero.
• economic profit will exceed accounting profit.
• accounting profit will always be zero.
• economic profit and accounting profit will be equal.

### Question 6

Question
If a production function exhibits diminishing marginal product, its slope
• is linear (a straight line).
• becomes steeper as the quantity of the input increases.
• could be any of these answers.
• becomes flatter as the quantity of the input increases.

### Question 7

Question
If a production function exhibits diminishing marginal product, the slope of the corresponding total-cost curve
• is linear (a straight line).
• could be any of these answers.
• becomes steeper as the quantity of output increases.
• becomes flatter as the quantity of output increases.

### Question 8

Question
The marginal product of labour as production moves from employing one worker to employing two workers is
Image:
Screenshot 4
• 10
• 0
• 23
• 40
• 17

### Question 9

Question
The production process described above exhibits
Image:
Screenshot 4
• constant marginal product of labour.
• diminishing marginal product of labour.
• increasing returns to scale.
• increasing marginal product of labour.
• decreasing returns to scale.

### Question 10

Question
Which of the following is a variable cost in the short run?
• rent on the factory
• wages paid to factory labour
• interest payments on borrowed financial capital
• payment on the lease for factory equipment
• salaries paid to upper management

### Question 11

Question
The average fixed cost of producing four units is
Image:
Screenshot 5
• €2.50.
• €26.
• €10.
• €5.

### Question 12

Question
The average total cost of producing three units is
Image:
Screenshot 5
• €28.
• €6.
• €3.33.
• €18.
• €9.33.

### Question 13

Question
The marginal cost of changing production from three units to four units is
Image:
Screenshot 5
• €7.
• €5
• €8.
• €9.
• €6.

### Question 14

Question
The efficient scale of production is:
Image:
Screenshot 5
• two units.
• three units.
• one unit.
• five units.
• four units.

### Question 15

Question
When marginal costs are below average total costs,
• average fixed costs are rising.
• average total costs are falling.
• average total costs are rising.
• average total costs are minimized.

### Question 16

Question
If marginal costs equal average total costs,
• average total costs are falling.
• average total costs are rising.
• average total costs are maximized.
• average total costs are minimized.

### Question 17

Question
If, as the quantity produced increases, a production function first exhibits increasing marginal product and later diminishing marginal product, the corresponding marginal-cost curve will
• be flat (horizontal).
• slope upward.
• slope downward.
• be U-shaped.

### Question 18

Question
In the long run, if a very small factory were to expand its scale of operations, it is likely that it would initially experience
• an increase in average total costs.
• diseconomies of scale.
• economies of scale.
• constant returns to scale.

### Question 19

Question
The efficient scale of production is the quantity of output that minimizes
• average fixed cost.
• average total cost.
• average variable cost.
• marginal cost.

### Question 20

Question
Which of the following statements is true?
• All costs are fixed in the short run.
• All costs are variable in the long run.
• All costs are variable in the short run.
• All costs are fixed in the long run.

### Question 21

Question
The market for hand tools (such as hammers and screwdrivers) is dominated by Draper, Stanley, and Craftsman. This market is best described as
• monopolistically competitive.
• a monopoly.
• an oligopoly.
• competitive.

### Question 22

Question
A market structure in which many firms sell products that are similar but not identical is known as
• monopolistic competition.
• monopoly.
• perfect competition.
• oligopoly.

### Question 23

Question
If oligopolists engage in collusion and successfully form a cartel, the market outcome is
• the same as if it were served by competitive firms.
• efficient because cooperation improves efficiency.
• the same as if it were served by a monopoly.
• known as a Nash equilibrium.

### Question 24

Question
Suppose an oligopolist individually maximizes its profits. When calculating profits, if the output effect exceeds the price effect on the marginal unit of production, then the oligopolist
• should produce more units.
• has maximized profits.
• is in a Nash equilibrium.
• should produce fewer units.
• should exit the industry.

### Question 25

Question
As the number of sellers in an oligopoly grows larger, an oligopolistic market looks more like
• monopoly.
• a competitive market.
• monopolistic competition.
• a collusion solution.

### Question 26

Question
When an oligopolist individually chooses its level of production to maximize its profits, it produces an output that is
• more than the level produced by a monopoly and less than the level produced by a competitive market.
• less than the level produced by a monopoly and more than the level produced by a competitive market.
• less than the level produce by either monopoly or a competitive market.
• more than the level produced by either monopoly or a competitive market.

### Question 27

Question
When an oligopolist individually chooses its level of production to maximize its profits, it charges a price that is
• more than the price charged by either monopoly or a competitive market.
• less than the price charged by either monopoly or a competitive market.
• more than the price charged by a monopoly and less than the price charged by a competitive market.
• less than the price charged by a monopoly and more than the price charged by a competitive market.

### Question 28

Question
As the number of sellers in an oligopoly increases,
• output in the market tends to fall because each firm must cut back on production.
• the price in the market moves further from marginal cost.
• collusion is more likely to occur because a larger number of firms can place pressure on any firm that defects.
• the price in the market moves closer to marginal cost.

### Question 29

Question
A situation in which oligopolists interacting with one another each choose their best strategy given the strategies that all the other oligopolists have chosen is known as a
• Nash equilibrium.
• dominant strategy.
• cartel.
• collusion solution.

### Question 30

Question
Under competition, the price and quantity in this market would be
Image:
Screenshot 6
• \$8; 800
• \$6; 1.200
• \$4; 1.600
• \$2; 2.000
• \$0; 2.400

### Question 31

Question
If the duopolists in this baseball market collude and successfully form a cartel, what is the price that each should charge in order to maximize profits?
• \$8
• \$7
• \$6
• \$5
• \$4

### Question 32

Question
If the duopolists in this baseball market collude and successfully form a cartel, how much profit will each earn?
• \$2.700
• \$3.200
• \$3.500
• \$3.600
• \$7.200

### Question 33

Question
If the duopolists are unable to collude, how much profit will each earn when the market reaches a Nash equilibrium?
• \$2.700
• \$3.200
• \$3.500
• \$3.600
• \$7.200

### Question 34

Question
The dominant strategy for Sue and Joe is for
Image:
Screenshot 7
• both to be open for many hours
• both to be open for a few hours
• Sue to be open for many hours while Joe is open for few hours
• Sue to be open for few hours while Joe is open for many hours
• There is no dominant strategy in this prisoners' dilemma game

### Question 35

Question
Suppose Sue and Joe agreed to collude and jointly maximize their profits. If Sue and Joe were to be able to repeatedly play the game shown earlier and they agreed on a penalty for defecting from their agreement, what is the likely outcome of the game?
• Both are open for many hours
• Both are open for a few hours
• Sue is open for many hours while Joe is open for few hours
• Sue is open for few hours while Joe is open for many hours

### Question 36

Question
Many economists argue that resale price maintenance
• is price fixing and therefore is prohibited by law
• Enhance the market power of the producer
• Has a legitimate purpose of stopping discount retailers from free riding on the services provided by full-service retailers
• Both A and B

### Question 37

Question
Collusion is difficult for an oligopoly to maintain
• Because antitrust laws make collusion illegal
• Because in the case of oligopoly, self-interest is in conflict with cooperation
• If additional firms enter of the oligopoly
• For all of the above reasons

### Question 38

Question
If ABC Publishing charges separate prices for both products, its best strategy is to charge prices that, when combined, total
• \$60
• \$75
• \$80
• \$85
• \$90

### Question 39

Question
If ABC Publising engages in tying, its best strategy is to charge a combined price of:
• \$60
• \$75
• \$80
• \$85
• \$90

### Question 40

Question
Laws that make it illegal for firms to conspire to raise prices of reduce production are known as
• Pro-competition laws
• Antitrust laws
• Antimonopoly laws
• Anticollusion laws
• All of the above

### Question 41

Question
The most important factors of production are
• labour, land, and capital.
• water, earth, and knowledge.
• money, stocks, and bonds.
• management, finance, and marketing.

### Question 42

Question
If a factor exhibits diminishing marginal product, hiring additional units of the factor will
• cause a reduction in output.
• have no effect on output.
• increase the marginal product of the factor.
• generate ever smaller amounts of output.

### Question 43

Question
What is the marginal product of labour as the firm moves from using three workers to using four workers?
Image:
Screenshot 8
• 14
• 0
• 2
• 12

### Question 44

Question
If the price of output is €4 per unit, what is the value of the marginal product of labour as the firm moves from using four workers to using five workers?
Image:
Screenshot 8
• €60
• €4
• €12
• €8
• €56

### Question 45

Question
If this profit-maximizing firm sells its output in a competitive market for €3 per unit and hires labour in a competitive market for €8/hour, then this firm should hire
Image:
Screenshot 8
• four workers.
• three workers.
• two workers.
• five workers.
• one worker.

### Question 46

Question
The value of the marginal product of labour is
• the price of the output times the wage of labour.
• the price of the output times the marginal product of labour.
• the wage of labour times the quantity of labour.
• the wage of labour times the marginal product of labour.

### Question 47

Question
For a competitive, profit-maximizing firm, the value-of-the-marginal-product curve for capital is the firm's
• supply curve of capital.
• demand curve for capital.
• production function.
• marginal cost curve.

### Question 48

Question
An increase in the supply of labour
• increases the value of the marginal product of labour and decreases the wage.
• decreases the value of the marginal product of labour and decreases the wage.
• decreases the value of the marginal product of labour and increases the wage.
• increases the value of the marginal product of labour and increases the wage.

### Question 49

Question
A decrease in the demand for fish
• decreases the value of the marginal product of fishermen, reduces their wage, and reduces employment in the fishing industry.
• increases the value of the marginal product of fishermen, increases their wage, and increases employment in the fishing industry.
• decreases the value of the marginal product of fishermen, reduces their wage, and increases employment in the fishing industry.
• increases the value of the marginal product of fishermen, increases their wage, and decreases employment in the fishing industry.

### Question 50

Question
What will a decrease in the supply of fishermen do to the market for capital employed in the fishing industry?
• increase the demand for fishing boats and decrease rental rates on fishing boats
• decrease the demand for fishing boats and increase rental rates on fishing boats
• decrease the demand for fishing boats and decrease rental rates on fishing boats
• increase the demand for fishing boats and increase rental rates on fishing boats

### Question 51

Question
An increase in the demand for apples will cause all but which of the following?
• a decrease in the number of apple pickers employed
• an increase in the value of the marginal product of apple pickers
• an increase in the price of apples
• an increase in the wage of apple pickers

### Question 52

Question
A decrease in the supply of farm tractors will cause all but which of the following?
• an increase in the rental rate for tractors
• a decrease in the rental rate of farmland
• an increase in the value of the marginal product of tractors
• an increase in the wage of farm workers

### Question 53

Question
If both input and output markets are competitive and firms are profit maximizing, then in equilibrium each factor of production earns
• an amount equal to the price of output times total output.
• the amount allocated by the political process.
• an equal share of output.
• the value of its marginal product.

### Question 54

Question
An individual firm's demand for a factor of production
• slopes downward because an increase in the production of output reduces the price at which the output can be sold in a competitive market, thereby reducing the value of the marginal product as more of the factor is used.
• slopes downward due to the factor's diminishing marginal product.
• slopes upward due to the factor's increasing marginal product.
• is perfectly elastic (horizontal) if the factor market is perfectly competitive.

### Question 55

Question
An increase in the demand for a firm's output
• decreases the prosperity of the firm but increases the prosperity of the factors hired by the firm.
• decreases the prosperity of both the firm and the factors hired by the firm.
• increases the prosperity of both the firm and the factors hired by the firm.
• increases the prosperity of the firm but decreases the prosperity of the factors hired by the firm.

### Question 56

Question
A competitive, profit-maximizing firm should hire workers up to the point where
• the wage, the rental price of capital, and the rental price of land are all equal.
• the marginal product of labour equals zero and the production function is maximized.
• the value of the marginal product of labour equals the wage.
• the marginal product of labour equals the wage.

### Question 57

Question
Which of the following is not true with regard to workers who have a high value of marginal product?
• have skills that are in relatively scarce supply.
• produce output for which there is great demand.
• usually have little capital with which to work.
• are usually highly paid.

### Question 58

Question
An increase in the price of automobiles shifts the demand for autoworkers to the
• left and decreases the wage.
• right and decreases the wage.
• right and increases the wage.
• left and increases the wage.

### Question 59

Question
When capital is owned by the firm as opposed to being directly owned by households, capital income may take any of the following forms except
• interest.
• dividends.
• increases in stocks of goods.
• retained earnings.

### Question 60

Question
Suppose that a war is fought with biological weapons. The weapons destroy people but not capital. What is likely to happen to equilibrium wages and rental rates after the war when compared to their values before the war?
• Wages rise and rental rates fall.
• Wages rise and rental rates rise.
• Wages fall and rental rates rise.
• Wages fall and rental rates fall.

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