Philosophy - p1

Temirlan Shablin
Quiz by , created 9 months ago

Quiz on Philosophy - p1, created by Temirlan Shablin on 12/26/2018.

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Temirlan Shablin
Created by Temirlan Shablin 9 months ago
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Question 1

Question
System of norms, values and stereotypes in a cultural-historical epoch is ...:
Answer
  • Doctrine
  • Outlook
  • Gilosoism
  • Materialism
  • Cognition

Question 2

Question
Scholasticism is...:
Answer
  • Mystic ritual
  • Apologetic movement
  • Logic doctrine
  • European Medieval "school philosophy"
  • Epistemological study

Question 3

Question
“Summa Theologica” is a book of...
Answer
  • St. Thomas Aquinas
  • St. Augustin
  • Abu Nasyr al-Farabi
  • Ibn Sina
  • Ibn Rushd

Question 4

Question
Philosophy is…
Answer
  • One of the historical outlook types about the world, human and his place in the world
  • One of the historical outlook types about religious activity in the world
  • One of the historical outlook types about beauty in the world
  • One of the historical outlook types about Being in the world
  • One of the historical outlook types about right behavior, morality, justice in the world

Question 5

Question
The founder of deconstructivism:
Answer
  • B.Russel.
  • I.Kant.
  • M. Heidegger.
  • J.-P. Sartre.
  • J. Derrida.

Question 6

Question
Chinese thinker Mo Di was a founder of...:
Answer
  • Induism
  • Mohism
  • Confucianism
  • Rig-Veda
  • Phenomenology

Question 7

Question
Which direction is the 20th century was engaged in philosophy of language?
Answer
  • Phenomenology
  • Pragmatism
  • Hermeneutics
  • Analitical philosophy
  • Ontology

Question 8

Question
Who stood at the beginning of pragmatism?
Answer
  • St.Aquinas
  • Charles Sanders Peirce
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein
  • Franz Brentano
  • St. Albert

Question 9

Question
“Phenomenology of Spirit” was written by…
Answer
  • St. Albert
  • G.Hegel
  • Socrates
  • J. Dewey
  • Protagoras

Question 10

Question
Translation of word “axiology”:
Answer
  • Study of values
  • Cosmo centrism
  • Love Theo
  • Pantheism
  • Love Humanity

Question 11

Question
Word “Epochè” in the philosophy of Husserl is translated from Greek as:
Answer
  • - Suspension, abstinence
  • - Warrior
  • - Judgement
  • - Humanity
  • - Love

Question 12

Question
A priori and A posteriori are important categories in philosophy of…
Answer
  • - E.Husserl
  • - M.Heidegger
  • - B.Spinoza D.Hume
  • - D.Hume
  • - I.Kant

Question 13

Question
“There are only two substances in the beginning of the world – thinking and extended substances” (dualism) is from philosophy of…
Answer
  • - E.Kant
  • - D.Hume
  • - R.Descartes
  • - J.-P.Sartre
  • - Protagoras

Question 14

Question
How can we describe Hume’s doctrine?
Answer
  • - Demonstrative reasoning.
  • - Moral reasoning.
  • - Agnosticism
  • - A gift from the gods.
  • - Common sense

Question 15

Question
The most general organization of humans is…
Answer
  • - Each individual on his or her own
  • - God
  • - Society
  • - There is no rational ground for moral judgment
  • - State

Question 16

Question
Who was the teacher of Aristotle?
Answer
  • - Protagoras
  • - Descartes
  • - Heraclitus
  • - Plato
  • - Thales

Question 17

Question
Theory of knowledge is called as…
Answer
  • - Cognition
  • - Epistemology
  • - Social philosophy
  • - Feeling
  • - Axiology

Question 18

Question
The object of philosophy is:
Answer
  • - Cognition process and the place of man in this world
  • - World in whole and the place of man in this world
  • - Human being
  • - Truth, unconcealment
  • - Mind at whole

Question 19

Question
The main parts of philosophy:
Answer
  • - Ontology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics
  • - This world, methodology
  • - History, methodology
  • - Geometry, algebra, analytics
  • - Economy, ecology

Question 20

Question
The meaning of the notion of EPISTEME in Greek philosophy:
Answer
  • - Process
  • - Place
  • - Knowledge
  • - Being
  • - Truth

Question 21

Question
The most popular representative of the Greek Hedonism was…
Answer
  • - Hegel
  • - Democritus
  • - Thales
  • - Epicure
  • - Confucius

Question 22

Question
Vedanta is an Indian school of …:
Answer
  • - Existentialism direction
  • - Postmodern direction
  • - Freidism direction
  • - Orthodox direction
  • - Heterodox direstion

Question 23

Question
Epistemology is:
Answer
  • - A study of love wisdom
  • - A study of religion
  • - A study of human knowledge
  • - A study of art
  • - A study of mathematics

Question 24

Question
Ethic is:
Answer
  • - A study of nature, origin and limits of human cognition
  • - A study of wisdom
  • - A study of morality
  • - Branch of physics
  • - World religion

Question 25

Question
Aesthetics is:
Answer
  • - A study of nature, origin and limits of human cognition
  • - A philosophical study of principles, moral and human behavior
  • - A study of beauty
  • - One of the directions of Buddhism
  • - Philosophy as a system

Question 26

Question
Who first introduce the word “philosophy”?
Answer
  • - Zeno Eley
  • - Socrates
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Democritus
  • - Parmenides

Question 27

Question
Thales postulated that the primary substance is:
Answer
  • - Water
  • - Air
  • - Ground
  • - The heaven
  • - Fire

Question 28

Question
Anaximander defined the primary substance as:
Answer
  • - Wind
  • - Air
  • - Ground
  • - Apeiron
  • - Fire

Question 29

Question
Anaximenes considered the primary substance supposing:
Answer
  • - Number
  • - Air
  • - Ground
  • - Apeiron
  • - Fire

Question 30

Question
Who defined the beginning of the world (ARCHE) as fire:
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Xenon Eley
  • - Heraclitus of Ephesus
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Democritus

Question 31

Question
Who is the author of this statement: “It’s impossible to enter the same river twice”?
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Democritus
  • - Xenon Eley
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Heraclitus of Ephesus

Question 32

Question
Who said that: “Good and evil are the same oppositions” (dialectic)?
Answer
  • - Heraclitus
  • - Plato
  • - Xenon Eley
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Socrates

Question 33

Question
Who is considered as the first thinker of Renaissance?
Answer
  • - F.Petrarch
  • - D.Alighieri
  • - N.Machiavelli
  • - G.Galilei
  • - L.Valla

Question 34

Question
Main Renaissance figure who developed a new theory of law?
Answer
  • - L.Valla
  • - N.Machiavelli
  • - F.Petrarch
  • - D.Alighieri
  • - H.Grotius

Question 35

Question
Who is the founder of Eleatic school?
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Cicero
  • - Thales
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Socrates

Question 36

Question
The author of famous paradoxes (apories) is…
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Cicero
  • - Thales
  • - Pythagoras
  • - Zeno of Elea

Question 37

Question
Zeno of Elea developed paradoxes (apories) are about…
Answer
  • - Love
  • - Absence of Motion
  • - Kindness
  • - Evil
  • - God wisdom

Question 38

Question
Who is the author of “The Canon of Medicine”?
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Cicero
  • - Thales
  • - Ibn Sina
  • - Ibn Rushd

Question 39

Question
Who was called as Philosopher of Arabs?
Answer
  • - Ibn Sina
  • - Ibn Rushd
  • - Al Kindi
  • - Al Farabi
  • - Al Ghazali

Question 40

Question
Who said that: “Man is a measure of all things”?
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Anaximenes
  • - Zeno of Elea
  • - Protagoras
  • - Thales

Question 41

Question
Socrates’s main interest in philosophy was
Answer
  • - Ethics, Social Philosophy
  • - Hermeneutics, Ontology
  • - Bioethics, Physics
  • - Hedonism, Epicurianism
  • - Substancialism, Pluralism

Question 42

Question
The Socratic main value was formulated as
Answer
  • - Virtue is religion
  • - Virtue is arts
  • - Virtue is knowledge
  • - Virtue is war
  • - Virtue is interests

Question 43

Question
The famous representative of patristic studies, author of the books “The City of God”, “Confessions”
Answer
  • - Thomas Aquinas
  • - Boethius
  • - M.Heidegger
  • - A.Kamus
  • - St.Augustin

Question 44

Question
Apologetics, Patristic and Scholasticism are the periods of…
Answer
  • - Renaissance philosophy
  • - Medieval philosophy
  • - German classical philosophy
  • - Kazakh philosophy
  • - Ancient philosophy

Question 45

Question
Eidos Urania is a concept of philosophy of...
Answer
  • - Aristotle
  • - Pithagoras
  • - Plato
  • - Zeno of Eley
  • - Thales

Question 46

Question
Who of the labeled philosophers is a Sufist?
Answer
  • - Al-Kindi
  • - Al-Farabi
  • - Ibn Sina
  • - Al-Ghazali
  • - Ulykbek

Question 47

Question
According to Kierkegaard, the third existential sphere is
Answer
  • - Phenomenological sphere
  • - Rational sphere
  • - Critical sphere
  • - Religious sphere
  • - Individual sphere

Question 48

Question
According to whom, “Freedom is conscious necessity”?
Answer
  • - Kant
  • - Spinoza
  • - Shelling
  • - Hegel
  • - Kierkegaard

Question 49

Question
The author of “Three Truths”:
Answer
  • - Kunanbayev
  • - Altynsarin
  • - Bekmakhanov
  • - Seifullin
  • - Kudaiberdiyev

Question 50

Question
The author of “Traces of Shamanism among the Kazakhs”:
Answer
  • - Kunanbayev
  • - Altynsarin
  • - Ualikhanov
  • - Seifullin
  • - Kudaiberdiyev

Question 51

Question
One of the outstanding French existentialist:
Answer
  • - David Hume
  • - Rene Descartes
  • - Albert Camus
  • - Francis Bacon
  • - Martin Heidegger

Question 52

Question
Division to Subjective spirit, Objective spirit, Absolute spirit comes from philosophy of…?
Answer
  • - Fichte
  • - Hegel
  • - Kant
  • - Shelling
  • - Marx

Question 53

Question
Division to Me, not-Me, synthesis of Me and not-Me comes from philosophy of…?
Answer
  • - Fichte
  • - Hegel
  • - Kant
  • - Shelling
  • - Marx

Question 54

Question
One of the main Nietzsche’s concept was called
Answer
  • - Will to life
  • - Will to power
  • - Good and Evil
  • - The myth on religion
  • - Being of human

Question 55

Question
The second Kant’s work is…
Answer
  • - Critique of Pure Reason
  • - Critique of Judgement
  • - Critique of Practical Reason
  • - Lectures on Ethics
  • - Three Truths

Question 56

Question
Hegel’s outstanding work is…
Answer
  • - “Will to power”
  • - “Critique of practical reason”
  • - “Nihilism”
  • - “Science of Logic”
  • - “Being and time”

Question 57

Question
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel belongs to
Answer
  • - Philosophy of the Middle times
  • - Philosophy of the New time
  • - Nihilism of XVIII century
  • - Conservatism of XVII century
  • - German classical philosophy

Question 58

Question
In his “Critique of Practical Reason” Kant formulated the Categorical imperative:
Answer
  • - Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that become a universal law
  • - Operates only according to falsehood
  • - Operates only according to feeling
  • - Operates only according to perception
  • - Operates only according to contemplation

Question 59

Question
“Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that become a universal law” is...
Answer
  • - the Hegel’s Categorical imperative
  • - the Kant’s Categorical imperative
  • - the Kant’s Hypothetical imperative
  • - the Fichte’s Hypothetical imperative
  • - the Hegel’s Hypothetical imperative

Question 60

Question
In his “Critique of Practical Reason” Kant considered the ideas of…
Answer
  • - Mind and cognition
  • - Hypothetical and Categorical imperatives
  • - Aesthetics and Beauty
  • - Power and authority
  • - Perception and contemplation

Question 61

Question
In metaphysics, Kant claimed, the situation is reverse. Reason, in its attempt to reach absolute truth, comes to
Answer
  • - Aesthetics and Beauty
  • - God, freedom and immortality
  • - Antinomies
  • - Power and authority
  • - Perception and contemplation

Question 62

Question
The basic problem, as Kant formulated it in his “Critique of Pure Reason”, is to determine:
Answer
  • - How is Aesthetics possible?
  • - How is Theology possible?
  • - How is Religion possible?
  • - How is Biology possible?
  • - How is a priory synthetic judgment possible?

Question 63

Question
A posteriori means…
Answer
  • - After experience
  • - Before experience
  • - Before Antinomies
  • - Before authority
  • - After contemplation

Question 64

Question
A priori means
Answer
  • - After experience
  • - Before experience
  • - Before Antinomies
  • - Before authority
  • - After contemplation

Question 65

Question
Immanuel Kant was born in…
Answer
  • - 1834
  • - 1804
  • - 1724
  • - 1859
  • - 1700

Question 66

Question
The first Kant’s greatest work is
Answer
  • - “Will to power
  • - “Critique of Judgement”
  • - “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • - “Critique of Pure Reason”
  • - “Critique of Practical Reason”

Question 67

Question
The second Kant’s greatest work is
Answer
  • - “Will to power”
  • - “Critique of practical reason”
  • - “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • - “The Critique of Pure Reason”
  • - “Being and time”

Question 68

Question
The third Kant’s greatest work is
Answer
  • - “Will to power”
  • - “Critique of practical reason”
  • - “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • - “The Critique of Pure Reason”
  • - “The Critique of Judgment”

Question 69

Question
Immanuel Kant belongs to the
Answer
  • - Philosophy of the Middle times
  • - Philosophy of the New time
  • - Nihilism of XVIII century
  • - Conservatism of XVII century
  • - German classical philosophy

Question 70

Question
Leibniz’s main philosophical work.
Answer
  • - “Will to power”
  • - “Monadology”
  • - “Critique of practical reason”
  • - “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • - “The Critique of Pure Reason”

Question 71

Question
Descartes divides the world into a metaphysical dualism of two substances:
Answer
  • - Extended and thinking
  • - Experience and thing
  • - Antinomies and time
  • - Authority and belief
  • - Contemplation and comparison

Question 72

Question
The famous Descartes’s formula “Cogito, ergo sum” is translated from Latin as
Answer
  • - I think, therefore, I have truth
  • - I think, therefore, I have power
  • - I think, therefore, I have faith
  • - I think, therefore, I am
  • - I think, therefore, I have values

Question 73

Question
Which method Descartes used to start his philosophy?
Answer
  • - Thinking
  • - Experience
  • - Analysis
  • - Induction
  • - Deduction

Question 74

Question
Who is the author of “Discourse on Method”?
Answer
  • - Parmenides
  • - Descartes
  • - Bacon
  • - Anaxagoras
  • - Zeno of Elea

Question 75

Question
According to Plato, everything can be divided in:
Answer
  • - Thing and idea
  • - Matter and form
  • - Matter and idea
  • - Idea and form
  • - Thing and matter

Question 76

Question
The method that comes from common to local knowledge is…
Answer
  • - Blessedness
  • - Deduction
  • - Analysis
  • - Induction
  • - Kindness

Question 77

Question
Causa Sui, according to Spinoza, is
Answer
  • - Blessedness
  • - Knowledge of random experience
  • - Cause of itself
  • - Logic
  • - Kindness

Question 78

Question
Tabula rasa is
Answer
  • - Struggle
  • - Knowledge of random experience
  • - Reason
  • - Logic
  • - Pure table

Question 79

Question
The author of “Summa Theologica”
Answer
  • - Plato
  • - Buddha
  • - Camus
  • - Thomas Aquinas
  • - St.Augustin

Question 80

Question
Who was the author of second and third volumes of “Capital”
Answer
  • - Kant
  • - Engels
  • - Marx
  • - Dewey
  • - Hegel