Linguistics Vocabulary Quiz

Nancy Gonzalez
Quiz by Nancy Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Nancy Gonzalez
Created by Nancy Gonzalez over 2 years ago
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Description

Linguistics Vocabulary Quiz for Linguistics for ESL Teachers course

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Dictionaries, specific language used by particular groups, jargon are examples of this
Answer
  • lexicon
  • rubicon
  • vocabulary
  • dialect

Question 2

Question
The teacher reads a student sentence and describes how the language components are actually being used and does not point out if it is wrong or right.
Answer
  • prescriptive grammar
  • semantics
  • pragmatics
  • descriptive grammar

Question 3

Question
African American Vernacular English has a habitual tense that does not really exist in Standard English. (EX: "He be workin")
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
These sounds are created without obstructing flow of air.
Answer
  • vowels
  • consonants
  • /a/, /e/
  • /b/, /t/

Question 5

Question
The student asks if she can go to the bathroom, the teacher responds with, "May I go?" This is an example of
Answer
  • descriptive grammar
  • prescriptive grammar
  • preferred grammar
  • approximate grammar

Question 6

Question
A consonant sound is produced with definite and clear obstruction of air by the
Answer
  • lips
  • teeth
  • palate
  • tongue

Question 7

Question
Bill Labov studies the shift in the pronunciation of short vowels like in the words "boss and bus' in northern American cities. This is an example of
Answer
  • chronology
  • morphology
  • phonology
  • biology

Question 8

Question
Stops block the airflow and let it go abruptly; they are ALL voiced including /p/, /t/, and /k/
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
"That's bad" can be understood as something actually being horrible (negative) or it can mean cool or awesome (positive); it depends on the context of the situation. This is an example of
Answer
  • syntax
  • approximation
  • pragmatics
  • AAVE

Question 10

Question
Glides move your tongue to or from a vowel. Examples of these are
Answer
  • /w/, /j/
  • /l/, /r/
  • /b/, /d/
  • /p/, /t/

Question 11

Question
Studying why adding an -s does not make words plural (EX: mail+s=mails; She mails the letters on Monday) is an example of
Answer
  • phonemics
  • morphology
  • monopoly
  • phonology

Question 12

Question
"I ain't saying nothin to no one" is an example of double negation for Standard American English.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
The study of language is
Answer
  • semantics
  • pragmatics
  • linguistics
  • phonetics

Question 14

Question
Fricatives can continue indefinitely until you are out of air. Examples of these fricatives can be found in the following words:
Answer
  • sitter
  • chair
  • zebra
  • joy

Question 15

Question
Affricatives /ch/ and /j/ are two part consonant sounds which means they start as a stop and end as a fricative.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
If you study shades of meaning in words like snicker, cackle, and laugh then you are a student of semantics.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
An example of dialect is Chinese to the Cantonese language.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Approximants are vowel-like consonants because we don't block the airflow fully. Examples of these are:
Answer
  • liquids
  • glides
  • /j/, /w/
  • /l/, /r/

Question 19

Question
The study of how language is used and shaped by the social nature of human beings is sociolinguistics.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Liquids /l/ and /r/ as heard in the words load and road share the following characteristics
Answer
  • are voiced
  • are voiceless
  • raise and curl tongue, and let airflow escape around the sides
  • raise and curl tongue, and do not let airflow escape around the sides
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