0654 Biology Topic B8 Gas Exchange & Respiration Quiz

Jeffrey Piggott
Quiz by Jeffrey Piggott, updated more than 1 year ago
Jeffrey Piggott
Created by Jeffrey Piggott over 2 years ago
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Quiz for 0654 Coordinated Sciences on topic B8 Gas Exchange and Respiration,

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is produced by anaerobic respiration in yeast?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 2

Question
What is the word equation for aerobic respiration in plants?
Answer
  • A carbon dioxide + water → glucose + oxygen
  • B glucose + carbon dioxide → water + oxygen
  • C glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water
  • D glucose + water → carbon dioxide + oxygen

Question 3

Question
During aerobic respiration glucose is broken down. What is released in this process?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 4

Question
Which processes depend on the action of enzymes? 1 digestion 2 osmosis 3 respiration
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 1 and 3
  • C 1 only
  • D 2 and 3

Question 5

Question
Which description of anaerobic respiration in yeast is correct?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 6

Question
The diagram shows an experiment to investigate gas exchange in a leaf. In which direction does the ink drop move and for what reason?
Answer
  • A Direction: to the left; Reason: photosynthesis
  • B Direction: to the left; Reason: respiration
  • C Direction: to the right; Reason: photosynthesis
  • D Direction: to the right; Reason: respiration

Question 7

Question
Which process releases the most energy from one molecule of glucose?
Answer
  • A aerobic respiration
  • B anaerobic respiration in muscle
  • C anaerobic respiration in yeast
  • D photosynthesis

Question 8

Question
The diagram shows apparatus used to investigate anaerobic respiration in yeast. What happens to the coloured liquid?
Answer
  • A moves rapidly to the left
  • B moves slowly to the left
  • C moves to the right
  • D stays still

Question 9

Question
The list shows four metabolic processes. 1 carbon dioxide + water --> glucose + oxygen 2 glucose --> alcohol + carbon dioxide 3 glucose --> lactic acid 4 glucose + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water Which of these processes occur in muscles?
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 2 and 3
  • C 3 and 4
  • D 4 and 1

Question 10

Question
The graph shows the results of an experiment to investigate the rate of respiration of an organism at different temperatures. What explains the difference between the rate of respiration at 50 °C and that at 30 °C?
Answer
  • A enzymes working faster at 50 °C
  • B enzymes working more slowly at 50 °C
  • C less oxygen available at 50 °C
  • D more oxygen available at 50 °C

Question 11

Question
The diagram shows an experiment to investigate the respiration of yeast. Which gas is evolved and which new compound is present after 24 hours?
Answer
  • A Gas evolved = carbon dioxide; New compound = ethanol (alcohol)
  • B Gas evolved = carbon dioxide; New compound = lactic acid (alcohol)
  • C Gas evolved = oxygen; New compound = ethanol (alcohol)
  • D Gas evolved = oxygen; New compound = lactic acid (alcohol)

Question 12

Question
 In which conditions do the leaves of a green plant respire?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 13

Question
Why does anaerobic respiration in muscles release less energy than aerobic respiration?
Answer
  • A Energy is lost in carbon dioxide.
  • B Energy is lost in oxygen.
  • C Energy remains trapped in ethanol.
  • D Energy remains trapped in lactic acid.

Question 14

Question
Which word equation represents anaerobic respiration in human muscle?
Answer
  • A glucose → carbon dioxide + ethanol (alcohol)
  • B glucose → carbon dioxide + lactic acid
  • C glucose → ethanol (alcohol)
  • D glucose → lactic acid

Question 15

Question
 Four metabolic reactions are shown. 1 carbon dioxide + water → glucose + oxygen 2 glucose → ethanol + carbon dioxide 3 glucose → lactic acid 4 glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water Which reactions take place in human cells to release energy?
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 1 and 3
  • C 2 and 4
  • D 3 and 4

Question 16

Question
The graph shows the energy released by two animals through respiration as the external temperature changes. Which conclusion can be drawn from the graph?
Answer
  • A Animals 1 and 2 release the least energy at 23 °C.
  • B Animal 2 always respires faster than animal 1.
  • C As the temperature rises, respiration always increases.
  • D The rate of respiration is the same for both animals at 23 °C.

Question 17

Question
Four word equations are shown. P carbon dioxide + water → glucose + oxygen Q glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water R glucose → lactic acid S glucose → alcohol + carbon dioxide What are the equations for anaerobic respiration in humans and anaerobic respiration in yeast?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 18

Question
 What contains the greatest concentration of lactic acid?
Answer
  • A  a bottle of alcoholic drink
  • B a loaf of freshly baked bread
  • C muscle cells during vigorous exercise
  • D yeast cells kept in glucose at 70 °C for 30 minutes

Question 19

Question
 Which chemical could be used to show that cells are respiring aerobically?
Answer
  • A Benedict’s solution
  • B dilute sulfuric acid
  • C ethanol
  • D limewater

Question 20

Question
When does respiration take place in animals and plants?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 21

Question
An athlete takes part in a race. The graph shows her breathing rate before, during and after the race. At which point does her body contain the greatest amount of lactic acid?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 22

Question
How are aerobic and anaerobic respiration similar?
Answer
  • A Both involve breaking down glucose.
  • B Both need a low concentration of oxygen.
  • C In muscles, both produce carbon dioxide.
  • D In yeast, both produce alcohol.

Question 23

Question
Yeast, warm water and substance Z were put into a test-tube. The apparatus was then set up as shown. After a while, the lime water began to go cloudy. What is substance Z?
Answer
  • A alcohol
  • B carbon dioxide
  • C glucose
  • D oxygen

Question 24

Question
The table shows some of the features of respiration. Which row is correct for anaerobic respiration?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 25

Question
Four words are shown below. alcohol anaerobic sugar yeast These words can be used in the spaces P, Q, R and S to complete the sentence below. ‘In brewing and bread making, respiration takes place. The micro-organism called ……P……uses ……Q.….. as a source of food. The product of this ……R…… respiration is ……S…… .’ Which combination of words correctly completes the sentences?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 26

Question
The diagram shows two experiments on the gaseous exchange in small aerobic crustaceans. Soda-lime absorbs carbon dioxide. Which way does the liquid marker move?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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