Clinical diseases chapter 7

alyssa Reynolds
Quiz by alyssa Reynolds , updated more than 1 year ago
alyssa Reynolds
Created by alyssa Reynolds about 2 years ago
7
2

Description

Quiz on Clinical diseases chapter 7, created by alyssa Reynolds on 03/24/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is an example of a poor conformation disorder in the musculoskeletal system?
Answer
  • Osteochondritis
  • Ligament rupture
  • Luxating patella
  • Myositis

Question 2

Question
What is an example of a degenerative disease in the musculoskeletal system?
Answer
  • Osteochondritis
  • Ligament rupture
  • Luxating patella
  • Myositis

Question 3

Question
What is an example of an inflammation process disease within the musculoskeletal system?
Answer
  • Luxating patella
  • Ligament rupture
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Pan osteitis

Question 4

Question
What is an example of a trauma related issue within the musculoskeletal system?
Answer
  • Non-united anconeal process
  • Ligament rupture
  • Luxating patella
  • myositis

Question 5

Question
What is another name for spongy bone within the body?
Answer
  • Compact bone
  • Voided bone
  • Cancellous bone
  • Ossification bone

Question 6

Question
What is not a type of common fracture in veterinary medicine?
Answer
  • Circumvented
  • Fissured
  • Transverse
  • Greenstick

Question 7

Question
How many views of radiographs are needed to diagnose and characterize a fracture?
Answer
  • 1 view
  • 2 views
  • 3 views
  • None are needed if the fracture is open or can be palpated

Question 8

Question
Casts and splints do all of the following stabilizing actions EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Holding fracture in place while healing occurs
  • Provide pain relief to patient
  • Prevents rotation or overriding of fracture
  • Limit activity to joint above and below the fracture

Question 9

Question
How long are bone plates kept in or on the fractured limb after being placed on adult dogs?
Answer
  • 3-5 weeks
  • 2-4 months
  • 5-12 months
  • They are usually not removed after placement

Question 10

Question
Extramedullary pins can promote healing in adult dogs within a _____________ time frame.
Answer
  • 7-12 week
  • 2-3 week
  • 10-15 day
  • None of the above

Question 11

Question
How long is restricted activity with leash walks and cage rest is recommended while a fracture is healing?
Answer
  • 8-12 months
  • 5-8 weeks
  • 10-20 days
  • Dogs should be fine after pins or plates are placed

Question 12

Question
What would be a sign of problems with a splint placed for a fracture?
Answer
  • Licking at splint
  • Heat from affected limb
  • Foul odor
  • All of above
  • None of the above, thar are all part of the normal healing process

Question 13

Question
What ligament is most associated with degenerative joint disease of the stifle joint?
Answer
  • Cranial cruciate ligament
  • Posterior cruciate ligament
  • Lateral cruciate ligament
  • Medial crucial ligament

Question 14

Question
Cruciate ligament injuries generally occur in all of the following predispositions of dogs after exercise EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Middle age
  • Young
  • Obese
  • Athletic

Question 15

Question
When the veterinarian preforms a test where the tibia abnormally slides forward with respect to the femoral condyles, they are said to demonstrate ______________.
Answer
  • Negative drawer movement
  • Positive drawer movement
  • Cranial luxation movement
  • Caudal luxation movement

Question 16

Question
What stabilization technique for ACL tear is said to be the most effective in dogs weighing less than 15kg?
Answer
  • Intraarticular
  • Extraarticular
  • Exoarticular
  • Extracurricular

Question 17

Question
What does TPLO stand for?
Answer
  • Tibial position lining osteotomy
  • Transfixed patellar luxation oliectomy
  • Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy
  • None of the above

Question 18

Question
How long after surgery from ACL can a dog resume normal activity?
Answer
  • 8-12 weeks
  • 4-8 weeks
  • 1-2 weeks
  • Directly after surgery so the joint doesn't seize

Question 19

Question
What is a common occurrence that happens within 1 year of a ruptured ACL?
Answer
  • The surgery fails
  • The dog develops osteosarcoma
  • Rupture of the opposite cruciate ligament
  • Spontaneous healing of the ACL

Question 20

Question
Even with surgical stabilization of the joint, the patient may develop ___________ as it ages.
Answer
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Myositis
  • Luxating patella
  • Degenerative joint disease

Question 21

Question
Medial luxation of the patella can occur in toy, small and large breed dogs usually due to what issue?
Answer
  • Congenital defect
  • Trauma
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Soft tissue break down around the stiffle

Question 22

Question
Lateral luxation of the patella that is usually seen in toy and miniature breed dogs due to what issue?
Answer
  • Congenital defect
  • Trauma
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Soft tissue break down around the stifle

Question 23

Question
Lateral luxation of the patella that is seen in large or giant breed dogs is usually due to what issue?
Answer
  • Poor diet
  • Trauma
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Soft tissue break down around the stifle

Question 24

Question
Hip dysplasia can have many factors contributing to its development. What is NOT a contributing factor?
Answer
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Environment and diet
  • Too much exercise through life
  • Muscle and skeleton ratio

Question 25

Question
What is NOT a clinical sign of hip dysplasia?
Answer
  • Waddling gait
  • Atrophy of hip muscles
  • Reluctance to move
  • Muscle hypertrophy around joints

Question 26

Question
What age can a dog with genetic hip dysplasia develop clinical signs?
Answer
  • 1-2 months
  • 3-5 years
  • 5-8 months
  • Not seen until dog becomes older

Question 27

Question
What does FHO stand for?
Answer
  • Femoral head ostectomy
  • Femoral half orthectomy
  • Femoral hip osteotomy
  • Fixed head orthotomy

Question 28

Question
What type of hip dysplasia is more common?
Answer
  • Femoral hip dysplasia
  • Acetabular hip dysplasia
  • Luxating hip dysplasia
  • Progressive femoral necrosis

Question 29

Question
What is the BEST treatment for hip dysplasia?
Answer
  • Medical management
  • FHO
  • Total hip replacement
  • Patellar displacement

Question 30

Question
What age should a dog be radiographed for hip dysplasia before breeding?
Answer
  • Before 1 year of age
  • Between 1 and 2 years of age
  • Older than 2 years of age
  • Can be seen at any age

Question 31

Question
Legg-calve-perthes disease involves necrosis of _____________ and is also called ___________.
Answer
  • Femoral head/neck; avascular necrosis
  • Acetabular socket; septic necrosis
  • Distal femur/tibia; calve atrophy
  • Proximal fibia; atrophic arthritis

Question 32

Question
What breed is the most commonly affected with Legg-calve-perthes disease?
Answer
  • Giant breeds, great danes
  • Medium breeds, golden retrievers
  • Toy breeds, terriers
  • Affects all breeds the same

Question 33

Question
The most common treatment for Legg-calve-perthes disease is what?
Answer
  • ACL correction
  • Excision arthroplasty
  • Medical management
  • Closed reduction of femeral head

Question 34

Question
The degeneration or aseptic necrosis of bone and cartilage followed by reossification refers to whtat?
Answer
  • Genetic hip dysplasia
  • Legg-calve-perthes disease
  • Osteochondrosis disease
  • Panosteitis

Question 35

Question
Radiographs will show __________ when diagnosing osteochondrosis dissecans.
Answer
  • Necrosis of femoral head
  • Cartilage flap
  • Deformed acetabula
  • None of the above

Question 36

Question
Panosteitis is a common disease that affects ___________ with an average onset of ___________.
Answer
  • Toy breeds; 6-8 months
  • Medium/large breeds; 6-8 months
  • Toy breeds; 9+ years
  • Medium/large breeds; 9+ years

Question 37

Question
What breed is over-represented with regard to panosteitis?
Answer
  • German shephards
  • Boston terriers
  • Golden retrievers
  • Toy poodles

Question 38

Question
Panosteitis is a ____________ disease and usually affects the _____________ of the body.
Answer
  • Lifelong; short bones
  • Self-limiting; long bones
  • Lifelong; long bones
  • Self-limiting; short bone

Question 39

Question
What is the medical terminology for a dislocation of a joint?
Answer
  • Luxation
  • Joint dysplasia
  • Hyperflexion
  • Hypoflexion

Question 40

Question
What type of femoral head luxation is the most common?
Answer
  • Craniocaudal
  • Craniodorsal
  • Ventral
  • Lateral

Question 41

Question
What feline disease process of the musculoskeletal system is a result of hypokalemia?
Answer
  • Feline polymyositis
  • Feline bacterial myositis
  • Feline protozoal myositis
  • Feline polymyopathy

Question 42

Question
What is an immune mediated disease of the muscles that affects dogs and cats?
Answer
  • Polymyositis
  • Polymyopathy
  • hemolytic myositis
  • Saddle thrombis

Question 43

Question
What is the protozoal parasite that is most associated with myositis in felines?
Answer
  • Giardia
  • Ameboma
  • Babesia
  • Toxoplasma

Question 44

Question
What disease process affects the mastication muscles of dogs?
Answer
  • Masticatory muscle myositis
  • Atrophic myositis
  • Eosinophilic myositis
  • All of the above

Question 45

Question
What type of neoplasia is most associated with bone cancer?
Answer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Osteoadenoma

Question 46

Question
All of the information about bone cancer in animals is true EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Even with treatment, 90% die
  • Treatment involves amputation of the affected limb
  • It is usually not metastatic
  • It is highly metastatic
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Repaso Revalida PR 2016
Rodrigo Lopez
1PR101 2.test - Část 10.
Nikola Truong
Mapas mentales con ExamTime
Nazareth Olivo
SISTEMAS NERVIOSO Y REPRODUCTIVO
adriana renetria
mi mapa conceptual
Noe Noe
Primera Guerra Mundial
lali dominguez
Mapa Conceptual
Brisa Jimenez Robles
Disoluciones Químicas
Karina Macias
Economía Estrategia y Desarrollo Empresarial
MIGEDMEN FANTASMA
Los ríos y aguas de España
luchifer rrr
Maths Revision- end of year test
Monica Harris