Clinical Diseases Chapter 2

alyssa Reynolds
Quiz by alyssa Reynolds , updated more than 1 year ago
alyssa Reynolds
Created by alyssa Reynolds about 2 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Clinical Diseases Chapter 2, created by alyssa Reynolds on 03/27/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which of the following is NOT an example of an accessory structure of the GI system?
Answer
  • Pancreas
  • Esophagus
  • Liver
  • Teeth

Question 2

Question
Regarding periodontal disease, which statement is FALSE?
Answer
  • Genetics may have a role
  • Can affect the heart
  • Causes liver failure
  • Progresses, leading to tooth

Question 3

Question
Regarding gingivitis, which statement is FALSE?
Answer
  • Its the earliest sign of dental disease
  • Bacteria invades the gums
  • Treatment involves steroids
  • Can cause gingival hyperplasia

Question 4

Question
Oral neoplasia has two common types of malignancy, which one is linked to this disease?
Answer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Mast cell
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Melanoma

Question 5

Question
Regarding oral neoplasia, which statement is FALSE?
Answer
  • Papilloma's are usually malignant
  • Treatment may include partial mandibulectomy
  • Prognosis is usually guarded to poor with malignant forms
  • Heavy pigmentation of gums may play a role

Question 6

Question
Squamous cell carcinoma is a common form of cancer in what area of the GI system?
Answer
  • Mouth
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small intestine

Question 7

Question
The stomach usually has a ______________ pH and moves into the esophagus in a disease process called ______________.
Answer
  • High; reflux
  • Low; reflux
  • Neutral; gastritis
  • Low; gastritis

Question 8

Question
Treatment of the ingestion of an irritant includes all of the following EXCEPT;
Answer
  • Inducing vomiting
  • Activated charcoal
  • NPO
  • Carafate

Question 9

Question
Carafate is considered a ______________.
Answer
  • proton pump inhibitor
  • H2 blocker
  • GI motility agent
  • GI protectant

Question 10

Question
How long is food withheld after an esophageal obstruction?
Answer
  • 12-24 hours
  • 24-48 hours
  • 3-5 days
  • 1 week

Question 11

Question
In what disease does a defect in neurostimulation cause stool to build up and become impacted?
Answer
  • Magacolon
  • Constipation
  • IBD
  • Intussusception

Question 12

Question
What is the most common intestinal neoplasia in dogs?
Answer
  • mast cell
  • Melanoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

Question 13

Question
Regarding viral diarrhea, which statement is FALSE?
Answer
  • High mortality rate with distemper
  • Affects younger animals more often
  • Vaccines are out best measure for protection
  • Corona virus is usually fatal

Question 14

Question
Which virus has a high mortality rate of felines in viral diarrhea?
Answer
  • Parvo
  • Panleukopenia
  • Distemper
  • Corona

Question 15

Question
Trypsin immunoreactivity is a test used in which disease?
Answer
  • Dietary intolerance/sensitivity diarrhea
  • Intestinal neoplasia
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Leptospirosis

Question 16

Question
What disease usually starts with bile duct inflammation and may lead to cirrhosis of the liver?
Answer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Colangiohepatitis
  • Feline hepatic lipidosis
  • Chronic liver failure

Question 17

Question
How long does it take for a feline who stops eating who stops eating to develop hepatic lipidosis?
Answer
  • 2 weeks
  • 3 days
  • 3 weeks
  • 6 days

Question 18

Question
What is the most common liver neoplasia in cats?
Answer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Mast cell
  • Bile duct neoplasia
  • Adenoma

Question 19

Question
What is the most common liver neoplasia in dogs?
Answer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Mast cell
  • Bile duct neoplasia
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

Question 20

Question
What is the most common hepatopathy in felines?
Answer
  • Hepatic lipidosis
  • Colangiohepatitis
  • Leptospirosis
  • Neoplasia

Question 21

Question
Regarding acute liver disease, what symptom(s) may or may not be present?
Answer
  • Constipation
  • Jaundice
  • Pica
  • Both constipation and pica

Question 22

Question
Parasitic diarrhea can lead to which of the following issues?
Answer
  • Obstruction
  • Constipation
  • Intussusception
  • Both obstruction and intussusception

Question 23

Question
Intussusceptions usually happen at which area of the GI tract?
Answer
  • Ileocolic junction
  • Pyloric antrum
  • jejunum
  • Cecum

Question 24

Question
Which disease leads to a decrease in water absorption in the GI tract?
Answer
  • Small bowel IBD
  • Large bowel IBD
  • magacolon
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency

Question 25

Question
In the disease, the digestive enzymes are activated within a glad resulting in autodigestion.
Answer
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
  • Colangiohepatitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Chronic liver disease

Question 26

Question
Liver failure occurs when ________________ of the liver is damaged.
Answer
  • 20-30%
  • 40-50%
  • 60-70%
  • 70-80%

Question 27

Question
Regarding liver enzymes in liver disease, an increase in ___________ is more common in cats where as an increase in _____________ is more common in dogs.
Answer
  • ALKP; ALT
  • ALT; ALKP
  • TBIL; ALT
  • ALT; TBIL

Question 28

Question
In liver disease, increases in all of the following enzymes may be seen EXCEPT;
Answer
  • ALT
  • Bile acids
  • TBIL
  • CREA

Question 29

Question
Which clinical sign is usually ONLY seen in chronic liver failure?
Answer
  • Ascites
  • Jaundice
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting

Question 30

Question
Which disease may involve force feeding via feeding tube?
Answer
  • Acute liver failure
  • Hepatic lipidosis
  • Chronic liver failure
  • Both hepatic lipidosis and chronic liver failure

Question 31

Question
In which digestive disease do the symptoms appear to worsen with the patient eating a meal?
Answer
  • Chronic liver failure
  • Pancreatitis
  • Hepatic lipidosis
  • Portosystemic shunt

Question 32

Question
What parianal disease is related to high plasma androgen levels?
Answer
  • Perianal gland adenoma
  • Perianal fistula
  • Perianal hernia
  • Perianal dysfunction

Question 33

Question
What is another name for anal furunculosis?
Answer
  • Perianal gland adenoma
  • Perianal fistula
  • Perianal hernia
  • Perianal dysfunction

Question 34

Question
What is the medical terminology for painful defecation?
Answer
  • Pica
  • Dyschezia
  • Tenesmus
  • Obstipation

Question 35

Question
What is the medial terminology for difficult defecation?
Answer
  • Pica
  • Dyschezia
  • Tenesmus
  • Obstipation

Question 36

Question
What disease is the result of pancreatic acinar cell atrophy?
Answer
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatitis
  • Portosystemic shunt
  • Pancreatic insufficiency

Question 37

Question
Which disease process may result in gray or clay colored stool?
Answer
  • Chronic liver failure
  • Pancreatitis
  • Portosystemic shunt
  • Pancreatic insufficiency

Question 38

Question
Gastric dilation vulvus (GDV) tends to happen more in _____________ and involves occlusion of _____________.
Answer
  • Small bread dogs; inflow/outflow tracts of the stomach
  • Large breed dogs; colon and cecum
  • Large breed dogs; ileocolic junction
  • Large breed dogs; inflow/outflow tracts of the stomach

Question 39

Question
Regarding GDV, all of these issues may occur EXCEPT;
Answer
  • Blocking blood flow of vena cava
  • Necrosis of the stomach
  • Diaphragmatic hernia
  • Cardiac issues

Question 40

Question
What two predispositions have been linked to gastric dilation volvulus?
Answer
  • Dietary and exercise after meal
  • Obstruction and breed size
  • Low fat diet and anxiety
  • Fear aggression and dietary

Question 41

Question
Immune mediated inflammatory bowel disease can be confused with which of the following disease?
Answer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Small cell lymphoma or lymphosarcoma
  • Adenocarcinoma

Question 42

Question
All of the following information about dietary intolerance is true EXCEPT;
Answer
  • May take a while to find correct diet
  • Steroids may be used in treatment
  • Also known as lymphocytic enteritis
  • May be immune mediated

Question 43

Question
What disease is zoonotic and can cause renal failure as well as liver failure disease?
Answer
  • Panleukopenia
  • Parvo virus
  • Salmonella
  • Leptospirosis

Question 44

Question
Chronic liver disease has been associated with _____________ and will usually require a ___________ diet.
Answer
  • Certain antibiotics; low protein
  • Nsaids; low protein
  • Nsaids; high protein
  • Dietary intolerance; low fat

Question 45

Question
With a portosystemic shunt, high ______________ levels in the blood and result in _______________ symptoms.
Answer
  • Ammonia; central nervous system
  • Bilirubin; central nervous system
  • Ammonia; urinary
  • Bilirubin; cardiac

Question 46

Question
Periodontal disease results in a bacterial infection infection in the myocardium.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
Most dogs and cats require a dental cleaning around 5 years of age.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
Salivary mucocele is usually a result of prolonged dental disease.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 49

Question
During a correction of GDV, a gastropexy is usually preformed to help prevent re-occurrence of the issue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Malignant neoplasia/s are more common than benign lesions in the stomach.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
Constipation is a common occurrence in canines.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
The main organ responsible for filtration of anything ingested PO is the kidneys.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
Cirrhosis of the liver can be seen with colangiohepatitis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
Feline hepatic lipidosis is normally idiopathic but has been linked to pancreatitis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

Question
Medical treatment of a portosystemic shunt is an effective treatment of this disease.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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