What is the best specimen to send to the microbiology lab for a STI infection in a 20 year old asymptomatic female?
An endocervical swab for PCR
A vulvovaginal swab for PCR
A first pass urine sample for PCR
A mid stream urine sample for PCR
What is the best specimen to send to the microbiology lab for a STI infection in a 22 year old asymptomatic male?
Swab of glans for PCR
Urethral swab for PCR
First pass urine sample for PCR
Mid stream urine sample for PCR
Which of the following infective organisms are treated with Metronidazole?
Which of the following strains are associated with chlamydial eye infections?
Serotypes A, B and C
Bacterial Vaginosis can be diagnosed if [blank_start]clue[blank_end] cells are seen on microscopy
IM ceftriaxone and oral azithromycin is the current recommended treatment for Gonorrhoea infection
Which of the following statements is true?/
Most coliforms are sensitive to Gentamicin
Most coliforms are sensitive to Amoxicillin
Most coliforms are sensitive to Metronidazole
Enterococcus Faecalis is a type of Coliform
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa is a type of Coliform
Low blood pressure that does not come back up when IV fluids are given is diagnostic of septic shock
[blank_start]Dizziness[blank_end] is a recognised side effect of gentamicin
Gentamicin is mainly excreted by the [blank_start]kidneys[blank_end]
Gentamicin blood levels should be checked at least once every [blank_start]3 days[blank_end]
If steroids are indicated in a patient with bacterial meningitis, they should be given either [blank_start]just before or with[blank_end] the first dose of antibiotics
just before or with
with or just after
just before or just after
Listeria are gram [blank_start]positive[blank_end] [blank_start]bacilli[blank_end]
Which of the following causative organisms of bacterial meningitis is associated with the consumption of soft cheese?
Ceftriaxone is used for empirical treatment of suspected bacterial meningitis because ...
It has a longer half life than penicillin
Ceftriaxone penetrates better than penicillin into CSF
Most bacteria that cause meningitis are now penicillin resistant.
Ceftriaxone also has activity against Listeria
A woman has recently been diagnosed with chlamydia infection. She wishes to know if she can continue to have sex with her regular partner (who is not infected). What do you tell her?
She should abstain from sex for two weeks in total; one week whilst taking the treatment (doxycycline) and one week following this
She should abstain from sex for the one week of her doxycycline treatment
She can continue to have sex provided condoms are used.
She can continue to have unprotected sex during Doxycycline treatment as female to male transmission is low.
A test of cure is required for both chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
When testing for STIs, a [blank_start]first pass[blank_end] urine sample is taken
When testing for UTIs, a [blank_start]midstream[blank_end] urine sample is taken
Sepsis can be diagnosed if a patient's NEWS score is greater than [blank_start]5[blank_end]
Which of the following are part of Sepsis 6?
Give Oxygen to maintain sats above 94%
Take bloods for culture
Give indicated antibiotics
Measure Serum lactate and haemoglobin
Measure Urine output
Take ECG to assess urgent cardiovascular risk
Measure white blood cell count
Take oral swab for microscopy and/or PCR
Urgent ultrasound to assess for structural pathology
In septic patients, Gentamicin is typically only given for 3 days, for gram negative cover in days following this Gentamicin should be swapped out for [blank_start]Aztreonam[blank_end] to avoid possible gentamicin toxicity.
Empirical Antibiotics for Sepsis in a patient who is hypersensitive to penicillin are ...
Amoxicillin, Gentamicin, Metroidazole
Doxycycline, Gentamicin, Metronidazole
Ceftriaxone, Gentamicin, Metronidazole
Vancomycin, Gentamicin, Metronidazole
Gentamicin is known to penetrate into the CSF thus making it more important to regulate its levels due to potential toxicity.
Colour on gram stain is [blank_start]Green[blank_end]
[blank_start]Streptococcus Viridans[blank_end] is an example
Colour on gram stain is [blank_start]Yellow[blank_end]
[blank_start]Streptococcus Pyogenes[blank_end] is an example
No colour on gram stain