The Neck- Surgical Diseases 4th Year- PMU

Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student about 2 years ago
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3

Description

The Neck cervical cysts and fistula. Deep neck infections (Phlegmonas)

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
If you want Flashcards go to https://quizlet.com/_6rvuez
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Most cystic hygromas involve the lymphatic jugular sacs and present in the posterior neck region. What are the other common sites?
Answer
  • axillary and retroperitoneal regions
  • thoracic wall and abdominal wall
  • mediastinum and bones
  • they can be found only the posterior neck region

Question 3

Question
Where do we search for a thyroglossal duct cyst?
Answer
  • the posterior neck region
  • along the midline of the neck
  • along the sternocleidomastoid muscle border
  • all of the above

Question 4

Question
In the embryonic stage of development the thyroid gland descends to its normal pretracheal position. Failure of normal caudal migration of the thyroid gland results in
Answer
  • agenesis of the thyroid gland
  • formation of two thyroid glands
  • thyroid hemiagenesis
  • a lingual thyroid

Question 5

Question
What is the standard operation for thyroglossal duct cysts?
Answer
  • no treatment is needed if the cyst is asymptomatic
  • a simple incision of the cyst is enough
  • complete excision of the cyst in continuity with its tract together with the central portion of the hyoid bone
  • complete excision of the cyst in continuity with its tract and removal of the whole hyoid bone

Question 6

Question
Where do we search for the branchial cleft remnants?
Answer
  • along the midline of the neck
  • the lateral neck region
  • the posterior neck region
  • just below the hyoid bone
  • none of the above

Question 7

Question
All branchial remnants are present at the time of birth: however, they are often not recognized until later in life. How can these lesions manifest?
Answer
  • sinuses
  • fistulas
  • cartilaginous rests
  • cysts
  • all of the above

Question 8

Question
How many pairs of branchial arches form the structures of the head and neck?
Answer
  • four pairs
  • five pairs
  • six pairs
  • seven pairs

Question 9

Question
The second branchial cleft remnants are the most common type. What is their location?
Answer
  • in the front or back of the ear
  • in the upper neck near the mandible
  • along the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
  • in the suprasternal notch
  • in the clavicular region

Question 10

Question
What is the most common etiologic factor leading to deep neck infections?
Answer
  • dental infections
  • tonsillitis
  • peritonsillar abscesses
  • traumas
  • foreign body penetration

Question 11

Question
Which of these statements is true for Ludwig’s angina?
Answer
  • generally without abscess formation
  • it is a unilateral infection
  • it is a slowly evolving cellulitis with lymphatic involvement
  • it is a rapidly spreading cellulitis without lymphatic involvement

Question 12

Question
Suppurative parotitis is a condition typically occurring in
Answer
  • infants
  • small children
  • adults
  • elderly postoperative patients

Question 13

Question
Nonoperative management of penetrating neck injuries has been. advocated as an alternative to mandatory: exploration In asymptomatic patients. Which of the following findings would constitute a relative, rather than an absolute, indication for formal neck exploration?
Answer
  • expanding hematoma
  • dysphagia
  • dysphonia
  • pneumothorax
  • hemoptysis
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