The Thyroid Gland- Surgical Diseases 4th Year- PMU

Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated 9 months ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student about 2 years ago
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4

Description

THE THYROID GLAND: THYROTOXICOSIS (GRAVES DISEASE), SOLITARY TOXIC ADENOMA, HASHIMOTO'S THYROIDITIS, NON-TOXIC GOITER, CARCINOMA OF THE THYROID GLAND

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Flashcards are on https://quizlet.com/_6rw9dp
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
What happens if the superior laryngeal nerve is damaged during operation?
Answer
  • paralysis of the vocal cord on the side affected
  • upper respiratory infection because of ineffective cough
  • severe loss of voice quality
  • all of the above

Question 3

Question
What is the most seep serious complication we can expect if the recurrent laryngeal nerve are damaged bilaterally?
Answer
  • aspiration
  • upper respiratory infection
  • severe loss of voice quality or strength
  • paralysis of the vocal cord on the affected side
  • airway obstruction

Question 4

Question
How many arteries supply blood to the thyroid gland?
Answer
  • 2
  • 4
  • 6
  • 8

Question 5

Question
How many metabolic hormones does the thyroid gland produce?
Answer
  • 1 hormone
  • 2 hormones
  • 3 hormones
  • 4 hormones
  • 5 hormones

Question 6

Question
What is the laboratory constellation in patients with hypothyroidism?
Answer
  • low T4 and elevated TSH levels
  • high T4 and low TSH levels
  • low T4 and low TSH levels
  • elevated T4 and elevated TSH levels

Question 7

Question
What is the major cause of hypothyroidism in the adult population?
Answer
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Postradiation hypothyroidism
  • Postsurgical hypothyroidism
  • Antithyroid drugs
  • Hashimoto thyroiditis

Question 8

Question
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is
Answer
  • Grave's disease
  • Toxic Adenoma
  • Multinodular Goiter
  • Papiliary Carcinoma

Question 9

Question
What groups of drugs do we use to treat conservatively hyperthyroidism?
Answer
  • Beta-blocking agents
  • Thionamide class of antithyroid arugs
  • Corticosteroids
  • Iodine
  • All of the above

Question 10

Question
Which imaging test do we use to assess thyroid function?
Answer
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioisotope Scanning
  • Computed Tomography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Question 11

Question
Which is the only well-established environmental risk factor for thyroid malignancy?
Answer
  • genetic alterations
  • diet
  • ionizing radiation
  • use of hormone replacement therapy
  • none of the above

Question 12

Question
Which type of thyroid neoplasm cannot be diagnosed with FNA?
Answer
  • Papillary Carcinoma
  • Follicular Carcinoma
  • Medullary Carcinoma
  • All of the above

Question 13

Question
The most important predictor of survival for thyroid neoplasms is
Answer
  • Gender
  • Size
  • Metastasis
  • Age

Question 14

Question
Multicentricity (intraglandular metastasis or multiple primary tumors) can be anticipated in patients with
Answer
  • Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
  • Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma
  • Hurthle Cell Carcinoma
  • Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

Question 15

Question
What is the primary treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (papillary and follicular)?
Answer
  • RAI ablation
  • TSH suppression
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgical ablation
  • All of the above

Question 16

Question
In patients with widely invasive FTC, distant Spread is more common. Which are the most common sites for distant metastases?
Answer
  • liver and lung
  • liver and bone
  • spleen and liver
  • lung and bone
  • brain and bone
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