anthropology

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Quiz by itzel.jm, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by itzel.jm about 6 years ago
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anthropology

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Question 1

Question
WHAT ARE THE THREE STAGES OF THE EARLY VIEWS OF LIFE?
Answer
  • BY THE BIBLE, CREATIN ON A SUNDAY 23 OF OCTOBER OF 4004 B.C. FIXITY OF SPECIES(CHRISTIANITY) HIERARCHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES (LINNAEUS)
  • HIERARCHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES (LINNAEUS) BIOLOGICAL CHANGE OVER TIME (LAMARCK AND OTHERS) THE EARTH IS YOUNG (LYELL)
  • STATIC (CHRISTIANITY, CHAIN OF LIFE) EARTH IS YOUNG (USSHER) SPONTANEOUS GENERATION (ARISTOTLE)

Question 2

Question
Who is the character that first suggested that the earth is young?
Answer
  • Archbishop James-Ussher
  • Carolus Llnnaeus
  • Georges Louis-Leclerc

Question 3

Question
Carolus Linnaeus was the naturalist that introduced an hierarchical classification of living things on his book "Sistema Naturae" ?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Who proposed on his book that humans were part of the animal kingdom?
Answer
  • Comte de Buffon , Georges Louis-Leclerc
  • Carolus Linnaeus
  • Francesco Redi
  • Georges Cuvier

Question 5

Question
Who used the study of fossils as a fact for extinction?
Answer
  • Georges Cuvier
  • Georges Louis-Leclerc
  • Francesco Redi

Question 6

Question
In addition to their benefits, deep beaks have disadvantages. In non-drought conditions, finches with deep beaks require more food and are less likely to survive the juvenile period than finches with shallow beaks. After the drought subsided on Daphne Major, what pattern would you expect to occur in the beak depths of the next generation?
Answer
  • It decreased to shallow size
  • It increased to an even deeper size
  • It decreased to average size
  • It stayed the same

Question 7

Question
Although some behavior or morphology benefits the individual, it also increases competition between members of a group or population. It is important to remember that when selection for a behavior or morphology begins, all members of a group or population cannot benefit at the same time!...?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Organisms are well suited to their environmental circumstances.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The evolution of complex adaptations does not requires all of the intermediate steps to be favored by selection.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
What is the word that scientists use to describe an organism's size, shape, and composition, in light of natural selection pressures?
Answer
  • Morphology
  • Species
  • Character
  • Behaviour

Question 11

Question
Adaptations __________ an organism's ability to survive and _________ in a given environment.
Answer
  • increase
  • decrease
  • reproduce
  • live happily ever after
  • accelerate

Question 12

Question
Are populations made up of individuals that are exactly alike?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Do all environments have an infinite ability to support increasing populations?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
If it can survive in a given environment, an organism is evolutionarily successful
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Do organisms need to compete with other members of their population for resources
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Are advantageous traits pass from parents to offspring
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
MAJOR EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE HAPPENS SLOWLY
Answer
  • WIDELY ACCEPTED BEFORE DARWIN
  • UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY CHARLES DARWIN

Question 18

Question
ORGANISM CAN PASS CHANGES ON TO THEIR OFFSPRING
Answer
  • WIDELY ACCEPTED BEFORE DARWIN
  • UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY CHARLES DARWIN

Question 19

Question
ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES CAUSE ORGANISM TO CHANGE
Answer
  • WIDELY ACCEPTED BEFORE DARWIN
  • UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY CHARLES DARWIN

Question 20

Question
SMALL EVOLUTIONARY CHANGES ACCUMULATE TO MAKE LARGE ONES
Answer
  • WIDELY ACCEPTED BEFORE DARWIN
  • UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY CHARLES DARWIN

Question 21

Question
VARIATION IS WHAT ALLOWS ORGANISMS TO CHANGE OVER TIME
Answer
  • WIDELY ACCEPTED BEFORE DARWIN
  • UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY CHARLES DARWIN

Question 22

Question
CHARLES DARWIN WAS THE FIRST PERSON TO UNDERSTAND HOW VARIATION IS MAINTAINED THROUGH GENETICS
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
What is the term that demographers use for the ability to produce offspring?
Answer
  • REPRODUCTION
  • FECUNDITY
  • FERTILIZATION

Question 24

Question
CHARLES DARWIN CAME UP WITH HIS POSTULATE DURING THE _____ CENTURY
Answer
  • 17
  • 18
  • 19
  • 16

Question 25

Question
Darwin believed that a _________ is a population of varied individuals that may or may not change through time.
Answer
  • FINCHES
  • SPECIES
  • ANIMALIA

Question 26

Question
What kind of beak depth will the offspring of parents with deep beak depth have?
Answer
  • an avg of 2 parents
  • deep
  • medium
  • shallow

Question 27

Question
What state does a population reach when the selective advantage of an adaptive trait no longer changes?
Answer
  • stabilizing
  • equilibrium
  • final state
  • medium state

Question 28

Question
In Darwin's day, most people believed that the characteristics of offspring are an average of their parent's characteristics. This concept is called __________ inheritance.
Answer
  • blending
  • shared
  • pass on
  • inherited

Question 29

Question
The ship that Darwin took his voyage on was called the HMS __________.
Answer
  • Begil
  • Beagle
  • Bouagle
  • Rocks

Question 30

Question
Spontaneous generation is an idea firstly developed by
Answer
  • Pluto
  • Aristotle
  • Archimedes
  • Io

Question 31

Question
Earth and humans are not the center of universe
Answer
  • Copernicus & Francesco Redi
  • Francesco Redi & Carolus Linnaeun
  • Aristotle & Copernicus

Question 32

Question
Who wrote systema naturae
Answer
  • Georges Louis-Leclerc
  • Jean Baptiste Lamarck
  • Carolus Linnaeus

Question 33

Question
Scientific revolution - Earth and humans are not the center of universe (Copernicus, Redi) - Hierarchical classification of species (Linnaeus) - Geography and climate affect species distributions (Buffon) - Sudden environmental changes lead to extinction (Cuvier)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
Darwin’s primary influences - Lyell: The Earth is ancient––old enough for significant changes to have taken place - Lamarck (and others): biological change over time - Malthus: overproduction and competition over limited resources - His own experiences as a naturalist
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Meaning of adaptations?
Answer
  • traits shaped by natural selection for a current function in the organism environment
  • traits that confer advantages in survival and reproduction are retained in the population, and the disadvantageous disappear
  • a trait or attribute of the phenotype of an organism

Question 36

Question
What is natural selection?
Answer
  • biological capacity to reproduce
  • organism size, shape and composition; form and structure of organism
  • traits that confer advantages in survival and reproduction are retained in the population, and the disadvantageous disappear

Question 37

Question
Morphology: phenotypic variation in which there is a continuum of types
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Trait; a characteristic of an organism...?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
When there is a steady state in which the composition of a population does not changes (not change in traits) ; it is said that the population is on?
Answer
  • Stabilizing selection
  • Equilibrium
  • Continuous variation

Question 40

Question
A trait or attribute of the phenotype of an organism is said to be its?
Answer
  • Characters
  • convergence
  • Phenotype

Question 41

Question
Selection pressures that favor average phenotypes reduces the amount of variation in the population, does not alter the mean value is said to be?
Answer
  • convergence
  • stabilizing selection
  • fecundity

Question 42

Question
The biological capacity to reproduce is known as?
Answer
  • Fecundity
  • Blending inheritance
  • Genotype

Question 43

Question
What is a species?
Answer
  • a group of organisms classified together at the lowest level of the taxonomic hierarchy
  • phenotypic variations in which there is a continuum of types
  • the observable characteristics of organisms

Question 44

Question
Convergence; evolution of similar adaptations in unrelated species ...?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
Placental mammals
Answer
  • mammal that gives birth to live young that developed for a period of time in the uterus, and were nourished by blood delivered to a placenta
  • mammal that gives birth to live young that continue their development in a pouch equipped with mammary glands

Question 46

Question
Marsupials
Answer
  • mammal that gives birth to live young that continue their development in a pouch equipped with mammary glands
  • position on a chromosome that is occupied by a particular gene
  • the observable characteristics of organisms
  • phenotypic variation in which there is a continuum of types

Question 47

Question
Continuous variation vs Discontinuous variation (more than one answer could be correct)
Answer
  • Continuous variation; phenotypic variation in which there is a continuum of types
  • Discontinuous variation;phenotypic variation in which there is a discrete number of phenotypes with no intermediate types
  • Discontinuous variation;phenotypic variation in which there is not a discrete number of phenotypes with intermediate types
  • Continuous variation; phenotypic variation in which there is not a continuum of types, and there are intermediate types

Question 48

Question
Genotype & Phenotype (more than answer could be correct)
Answer
  • a trait attribute of the form and structure of an organisms
  • position on a chromosome that is occupied by a particular gene
  • the observable characteristics of organisms
  • combination of alleles that characterizes an individual at some set of genetic loci

Question 49

Question
Locus (loci)? position in a chromosome that is occupied by a particular gene
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Archbishop James Ussher analyzed Genesis and estimated that the Earth began ______(day name),________(month)____(day date #) of 4_ _ _ B.C.
Answer
  • Monday
  • Friday
  • Saturday
  • Sunday
  • Sptember
  • October
  • 21st
  • 23rd
  • _008 B.C.
  • _004 B.C.

Question 51

Question
Genotypic frequency
Answer
  • taxonomic category below family and above species
  • fraction of individuals in a population that have a particular genotype
  • to attach a spear point, ax head, or similar implement to a handle

Question 52

Question
When no other forces (such as natural selection) are operating, genotypic frequencies reach stable proportions in just one generation. These proportions are called the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
After how many generations will the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium be reached if no other processes act to change the genotypic frequencies
Answer
  • 2 generations
  • 1 generation
  • 3 generations

Question 54

Question
Which two of the following can change the distribution of genotypes?
Answer
  • sexual reproduction
  • selected mating
  • random mating
  • abstinence

Question 55

Question
Which of the following can lead to evolution in the long run, or change in the frequency of alleles?
Answer
  • sexual reproduction
  • random mating
  • natural selection
  • all of the above
  • none of the above

Question 56

Question
THE UNIFYING THEORY FOR BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY IS:
Answer
  • NATURAL SELECTION
  • INHERITANCE OF ACQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS
  • SOCIAL DARWINISM
  • EVOLUTION

Question 57

Question
PROTEINS:
Answer
  • ARE COMPRISED OF DNA STRANDS
  • ARE COMPRISE OF AMINO ACIDS
  • ARE COMPRISE OF ENZYMES
  • ARE COMPRISE OF RNA STRANDS
  • ARE COMPRISE OF PHOTOSPHATES

Question 58

Question
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ALLELE COMBINATIONS INDICATES A RECESSIVE HOMOZYGOUS PEA PLANT WITH GREEN SEEDS?
Answer
  • AA
  • Aa
  • aa
  • AB
  • aA

Question 59

Question
IF AN "AA" INDIVIDUAL (GENOTYPE) CROSSES WITH A "aa" INDIVUAL, WHAT IS THE PROBABILITY THAT ANY PARTICULAR OFFSRPING WILL HAVE GENOTYPE Aa?
Answer
  • 0%
  • 50%
  • 75%
  • 100%
  • 25%

Question 60

Question
THE ENVIRONMENT RECENTLY CHANGED SO THAT MOST INDIVIDUALS IN A POPULATION ARE NOT WELL ADAPTED TO THE ENVIRONMENT. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF:
Answer
  • A LOCAL OPTIMUM
  • DISEQUILIBRIUM
  • ENVIRONMENTAL DRIFT
  • GENETIC DRIFT
  • DIRECTIONAL SELECTION

Question 61

Question
A SCIENTIST STUDYING FINCHES COLLECTS DEAD BIRDS AND FINDS THAT MOST WHO DIED HAD VERY LARGE OR VERY SMALL BEAKS. THIS IS MOST LIKELY AN EXAMPLE OF:
Answer
  • DIRECTIONAL SELECTION
  • STABILIZING SELECTION
  • DISRUPTIVE SELECTION
  • A AND C
  • NONE OF THE ABOVE

Question 62

Question
AN EXAMPLE OF MACROEVOLUTION IS:
Answer
  • THE FORMATION OF DIFFERENT SPECIES OF FINCHES ON DIFFERENT ISLANDS IN THE GALAPAGOS
  • A FINCH WITH A DEEP BEAK ALSO DEVELOPS A WIDE BEAK
  • CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF BEAK SIZE IN A FINCH POPULATION DURING A DROUGHT
  • A FINCH TURNING INTO A MOCKINGBIRD
  • ALL OF THE ABOVE

Question 63

Question
DERIVED TRAITS ARE CHARACTERS:
Answer
  • THAT ONLY EVOLED ONCE IN A TAXON
  • THAT CHARACTERIZE THE LAST COMMON ANCESTOR OF A PARTICULAR COLLECTION OF SPECIES
  • THAT ARE FOUND IN EVERY DESCENDANT OF AN ANCESTRAL SPECIES
  • THAT HAVE EVOVED AFTER THE LAST COMMON ANCESTOR OF A PARTICULAR COLLECTION OF SPECIES
  • THAT ARE MORE STRUCTURALLY COMPLEX THAN PRIMITIVE TRAITS

Question 64

Question
ACORDING TO THE BIOLOGICAL SPECIES CONCEPT, A SPECIES IS A GROUP OF ORGANISMS THAT:
Answer
  • LIVE IN THE SAME REGION
  • CAN INTERBREED AND PRODUCE VIABLE OFFSPRING
  • OCCUPY AN ADAPTIVE ZONE DIFFERENT FROM THAT OF ANY OF OTHER LINEAGE
  • DIFFER IN APPEARANCE FROM OTHER GROUPS OF ORGANISMS
  • NONE OF THE ABOVE

Question 65

Question
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CAN RESULT IN REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION?
Answer
  • DIFFERENT NUMBERS OF CHROMOSOMES
  • DIFFERENT COURTSHIP BEHAVIOR
  • DIFFERENT PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
  • GEOGRAPHIC SEPARATION
  • ALL OF THE ABOVE
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