PMU - 2nd Semester Anatomy - CNS (Skull)

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Sole C
Created by Sole C almost 5 years ago
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Sole C

Question 1

Question
At birth the human skull is composed of the same of bony structures as it has at adulthood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The main purpose of the skull is to provide a surface for attachment of facial muscles and to protect the brain.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The two halves of the mandible fuse during the first postnatal year.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Sphenopalatine foramen transmits n.nasalis posterior superior and the sphenopalatine vessels.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Foramen supraorbitalis and incisura frontalis are parts of os zygomaticum.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Cavitas tympanica is part of the sphenoid bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
The pyramid of the temporal bone has anterior, posterior and inferior surface
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Part of septum nasi is made of vomer
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The mandible in the newborn consists of two halves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Sphenopalatine foramen is between nasal cavity and pterygopalitine fossa
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Cheekbones are also called the left and right:
Answer
  • Lacrimal
  • Maxilla
  • Palatine
  • Zygomatic

Question 12

Question
Most bones of the skull are held right, the exception to this is the:
Answer
  • Mandible
  • Occipital
  • Parietal
  • Zygomatic

Question 13

Question
Which of the following is a reasonable capacity for an adult human skull?
Answer
  • 500 Cubic centimeters
  • 1000 Cubic Centimeters
  • 1500 Cubic Centimeters
  • 2000 Cubic Centimeters

Question 14

Question
Which of these bones in a skull, Not a facial bone?
Answer
  • Maxilla
  • Parietal
  • Lacrimal
  • Vomer

Question 15

Question
What is the name of the suture between the parietal and frontal bones
Answer
  • Sagittal suture
  • Lamdoidal suture
  • Coronal suture
  • Squamous suture

Question 16

Question
How many wings does the sphenoid bone have?
Answer
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3

Question 17

Question
Which bone is horseshoe shaped
Answer
  • Mandible
  • Hyoid
  • Nasal
  • Zygomatic

Question 18

Question
Which bone is responsible for deformed pallet
Answer
  • Zygomatic
  • Maxilla
  • Nasal
  • Occipital

Question 19

Question
All of the following are facial bones EXCEPT
Answer
  • Ethmoid bone
  • Nasal bone
  • Maxilla
  • Mandible

Question 20

Question
Which of the following is a neurocranial bone?
Answer
  • Vomer Bone
  • Lacrimal Bone
  • Zygomatic Bone
  • Sphenoid Bone

Question 21

Question
The bone that does not articulate with any other bone is the:
Answer
  • Vomer bone
  • Zygomatic Bone
  • Hyoid bone
  • Ethmoid bone

Question 22

Question
What is the part of the skull that protects the brain called?
Answer
  • Auditory ossicles
  • Hyoid
  • Neurocranium
  • Splanchnocranium

Question 23

Question
How many bones are in an adult human skull:
Answer
  • 12
  • 17
  • 22
  • 25

Question 24

Question
The suture between the two parietal bones is:
Answer
  • Coronal suture
  • Squamous suture
  • Sagittal suture
  • Lambdoid suture
  • None of the above

Question 25

Question
The articular surface of temporal bone consists of:
Answer
  • Occipital subercle
  • Condylar fossa
  • Zygomatic process
  • Mandibular fossa and articular tubercle
  • Mental protuberance

Question 26

Question
How do the sizes of different gender human skulls compare?
Answer
  • Male skulls are larger than female skulls
  • Male skulls are smaller than female skulls
  • Male skulls are the same general size as female skulls
  • There is no correlation between gender and size

Question 27

Question
What is the technique of measuring bones of the skull called?
Answer
  • Anthropology
  • Craniometry
  • Phrenology
  • Physiognomy

Question 28

Question
Which of the following bones IS NOT a facial bone?
Answer
  • Os Ethmoidale
  • Vomer
  • Os Lacrimale
  • Maxilla
  • Concha nasalis inferior

Question 29

Question
Which of the listed anatomical structures belong to pars orbitalis of the frontal bone?
Answer
  • Arcus superciliaris
  • Fossa glandulae lacrimalis
  • Glabella
  • Crista Frontalis
  • Sulcus sinus sagittalis superioir

Question 30

Question
How many of the skull bones are used for facial support (as opposed to brain protection)?
Answer
  • 8
  • 10
  • 12
  • 14

Question 31

Question
The "soft spots" on a infants skull are also called:
Answer
  • Ethmoids
  • Fontanelles
  • Sutures
  • None of the these

Question 32

Question
Regarding the skull foramina content
Answer
  • Foraman rotundum transmits maxillary nerve
  • Foramen spinosum transmits the middle meningeal artery and the menigeal br. of the manidibular division of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V)
  • The ophtalmic artery enters the orbit through the optic canal
  • Foramen ovale transmits the hypoglossal nerve
  • Jugular foramen transmits glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves

Question 33

Question
The lateral wall of nasal cavity includes:
Answer
  • Nasal Bones
  • Frontal process and the body of the maxilla
  • Ethmoid labyrinth
  • The perpendicular plate of the palatine
  • The body of sphenoid

Question 34

Question
The superior wall of the nasal cavity includes:
Answer
  • Nasal bones
  • Corpus ossis sphenoidalis
  • Lamina cribriformis of ethmoid bone
  • Perpendicular lamina of oss palatinus
  • Frontal process of maxilla

Question 35

Question
Which of the following statements are true:
Answer
  • Meatus acusticus internus is on the posterior wall of pars petrosa of os temporale
  • Foramen lacerum is surrounded by the temporal and sphenoid bone
  • Sutura coronalis connects parietal and occipital bones
  • Foramen ovale is on ala major of the sphenoid
  • Facial nerve exits the cranial cavity through foramen stylomasoideum

Question 36

Question
Paries superior of the orbit is made of:
Answer
  • Partes orbitales of os frontale
  • Lamina cribrosa of os ethmoidale
  • Ala minor of os sphenoidale
  • Processus orbitalis of os palatinum
  • Processus frontalis of maxilla

Question 37

Question
Regarding the bones of the skull
Answer
  • Fossa hypophysiali is part of os sphenoidale
  • Maxilla unpaired bone
  • Concha naslis inferior a seperate bone
  • Processus mastoideus is well developed in newborn
  • Septum nasi is made of 2 different bones

Question 38

Question
Regarding the paranasal sinuses
Answer
  • They are in maxilla, ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid bones
  • Sinus maxillaris opens in the meatus nasi medius
  • Sinus frontalis opens in meatus nasi medius
  • Sinus frontalis is entirely developed in the newborn
  • Sinus maxillaris is a common location for infection (sinusitis)

Question 39

Question
The following bones take part in the formation of the middle cranial fossa
Answer
  • Ethmoid
  • Greater wings and sella turcica of sphenoid
  • Anterior surface of petrous portion of temporal
  • Mastoid processus
  • Occipital

Question 40

Question
The following bones take part in the formation of the posterior cranial fossa:
Answer
  • Posterior surface of petrous portion of temporal
  • Greater wings of sphenoid
  • Orbital parts of frontal
  • Occipital
  • Cribriform plate (Lamina cribrosa) of ethmoid

Question 41

Question
Regarding the cranial nerves and the openings of the skull:
Answer
  • The cribriform plate (lamina cribrosa) of sphenoid bone transmits the olfactory nerves
  • N. opticus exits the skull through the superior orbital fissue.
  • Facial nerve passes through internal acustis meatus and stylomastoid foramen
  • Mandibular nerve passes through foramen ovale
  • CN IX, X pass through foramen lacerum

Question 42

Question
Regarding the cranial nerves and the openings of the skull:
Answer
  • The second division of trigeminal nerve (maxillary) passes through foramen rotundum
  • Foramen magnum transmits none of CN's
  • The facial nerve may be injured by infections of the middle ear
  • CN's III, IV, VI and V1(ophthalmic) pass through the same skull opening.
  • The three divisions of trigeminal nerve exit through separate openings of the skull.

Question 43

Question
The bones of the skull are joined at joints called:
Answer
  • Gomphoses
  • Sutures
  • Fissures
  • Symphyses
  • Synchondroses

Question 44

Question
The hard palate in the roof of the mouth is composed of the:
Answer
  • Palatine bones
  • Nasal conchae
  • Zygomatic bones
  • Maxilla
  • Vomer

Question 45

Question
Which of the following are considered facial bones?
Answer
  • Maxilla
  • Lacrimal
  • Vomer
  • Sphenoid
  • Ethmoid

Question 46

Question
In the skull of a newborn, there are not yet complete joints, as fibrous membranes connect cranial bones. What is the correct name for such a fibrous membrane?
Answer
  • Foramen
  • Fissue
  • Fontanel
  • Fossa
  • Facet

Question 47

Question
The foramen magnum is bounded by:
Answer
  • Partes laterals of occipital bone
  • Pars basilaris of occipital bone
  • Squama of occipital bone
  • Processus mastoideus of temporal bone
  • Posterior surface of pars petrosa of temporal bone

Question 48

Question
The bones in the cheek prominence are:
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Mandible
  • Temporal
  • Maxilla
  • Zygomatic

Question 49

Question
On the skull
Answer
  • Foramen Spinosum transmit a. meningea media
  • Foramen ovale connects middle cranial fossa will fossa infratemporalis
  • Fissura petrotympanica transmits chorda tympani
  • Septum nasi is formed only by vomer
  • Foramen supraorbitale is on the anterior surface of corpus maxillae

Question 50

Question
On ala major of the sphenoid bone is located:
Answer
  • Foramen supraorbitale
  • Foramen ovale
  • Foramen zygomaticofaciale
  • Foramen rotundum
  • Foramen spinosum

Question 51

Question
On the skull
Answer
  • Meatus acusticus internus is on the posterior surface of pars petrosa of the temporal bone
  • Foramen jugulare is surronded by the occipital and sphenoid bone
  • n.facialis exits the cranial cavity through foramen spinosum
  • Foramen ovale is on ala major of the sphenoid bone
  • Foramen jugulare transmits glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessorius nerve

Question 52

Question
In formation of the anterior cranial fossa takes part
Answer
  • Body of the sphenoid bone
  • Ala minor of the sphenoid bone
  • Ala major of the sphenoid bone
  • Lamina cribrosa of the ethmoid bone
  • Partes orbitales of the frontal bone

Question 53

Question
The occipital bone:
Answer
  • Is in four bony parts at birth
  • Is grooved by the transverse sinus
  • Is a single bone by the age of about 8 years
  • Forms part of the jugular foramen
  • Articulates with the parietal bone at the coronal suture

Question 54

Question
The occipital bone:
Answer
  • Ossifies entirely in membrane
  • Fuses with the sphenoid bone at the age of about 15 years
  • Has a foramen through which the hypoglossal nerve passes
  • Has the trapezius and sternocleidomastoideus muscles attached to it
  • Forms part of the roof of the nasopharynx

Question 55

Question
The frontal bone:
Answer
  • Ossifies in membrane
  • Forms the main part of the roof of the nose
  • Forms the main part of the roof of the orbit
  • Has sinuses each of which opens into the middle meatus of the nose
  • Is in two parts at birth.

Question 56

Question
The temporal bone
Answer
  • Ossifies wholly in cartilage
  • Contains the whole of the carotid canel
  • Forms the whole of the external auditory meatus
  • Forms part of the jugular foramen
  • has attached to it the levator veli palatini muscle

Question 57

Question
The temporal bone
Answer
  • Is grooved by the superior petrosal sinus
  • Has attached to it the falx cerebri
  • Transmits the auricular branch of the vagus nerve
  • Lies entirely in the middle cranial fossa
  • Forms parts of the foramen lacerum