Chapter 3 - part 2: Organization of the Nervous System

Vincent Voltaire
Quiz by Vincent Voltaire, updated more than 1 year ago
Vincent Voltaire
Created by Vincent Voltaire over 1 year ago
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Description

Psychology Quiz on Chapter 3 - part 2: Organization of the Nervous System, created by Vincent Voltaire on 02/07/2020.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are the two most basic divisions of the nervous system?
Answer
  • somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system
  • brain and spinal cord
  • sympathetic division and parasympathetic division
  • central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

Question 2

Question
In which part of the nervous system are the nerves in your hands and feet found?
Answer
  • peripheral
  • vascular
  • parasympathetic
  • skeletal

Question 3

Question
Which major division of the nervous system is comprised of the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system?
Answer
  • skeletal
  • central
  • afferent
  • peripheral

Question 4

Question
What system allows you both to notice a buzzing near your ear and to swat the mosquito away?
Answer
  • autonomic nervous system
  • somatic nervous system
  • limbic system
  • endocrine system

Question 5

Question
What is the distinction between afferent and efferent nerves?
Answer
  • Afferent nerves take information to the central nervous system, while efferent nerves take information out from the central nervous system.
  • Afferent nerves are motor neurons, while efferent nerves are sensory neurons.
  • Afferent nerves are in the peripheral nervous system, while efferent nerves are in the central nervous system.
  • Afferent nerves take information to the muscles, while efferent nerves take information to the central nervous system.

Question 6

Question
Which division of the nervous system is necessary if you need to intentionally stand up or scratch your nose?
Answer
  • autonomic
  • parasympathetic
  • sympathetic
  • somatic

Question 7

Question
Through which type of nerves does the brain send messages to the skeletal muscles in the legs when you are walking?
Answer
  • central
  • afferent
  • efferent
  • sensory

Question 8

Question
Which part of the nervous system controls digestion and the flow of blood?
Answer
  • somatic
  • motor
  • autonomic
  • central

Question 9

Question
Which part of the nervous system diverts energy and resources in your body so that you can deal with emergency situations?
Answer
  • central
  • sympathetic
  • parasympathetic
  • somatic

Question 10

Question
During what type of situations is the sympathetic nervous system in primary control?
Answer
  • stress
  • sexual
  • calm
  • fatigue

Question 11

Question
Zayed was walking down a dark street when he heard a car backfire. His heart started to race, and he began to perspire in response to this sudden, startling noise. Which division of the nervous system is responsible for his reactions?
Answer
  • sympathetic nervous system
  • parasympathetic nervous system
  • central nervous system
  • somatic nervous system

Question 12

Question
Karlette took some new medication for her hay fever. The medication made her heart race, and she became agitated and jittery. Which division of the nervous system has been activated by the medication?
Answer
  • peripheral
  • parasympathetic
  • somatic
  • sympathetic

Question 13

Question
Which division of your nervous system handles conservation of body resources, including blood pressure reduction and the promotion of digestion?
Answer
  • central
  • somatic
  • parasympathetic
  • sympathetic

Question 14

Question
Which division of the nervous system is most likely to be in control of bodily processes during periods of rest and recovery for the body?
Answer
  • parasympathetic
  • somatic
  • peripheral
  • sympathetic

Question 15

Question
Robyn has just eaten a full meal and is now relaxing. Which specific division of her nervous system is in primary control at this time?
Answer
  • sympathetic nervous system
  • parasympathetic nervous system
  • somatic nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system

Question 16

Question
Brenda was startled when a large shadow unexpectedly passed across her living room window. When she realized that it was just a cloud passing in front of the full moon, her racing heart began to slow, and her blood pressure started to return to normal. What division of the nervous system controlled the reactions as Brenda began to relax?
Answer
  • somatic nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system
  • sympathetic nervous system
  • parasympathetic nervous system

Question 17

Question
Johann took some medication for his flu symptoms. Later, Johann began to feel a little faint because the medication caused his heart to beat more slowly and his blood pressure to fall. What system was likely activated by the medication?
Answer
  • parasympathetic nervous system
  • sympathetic nervous system
  • somatic nervous system
  • central nervous system

Question 18

Question
What does the central nervous system consist of?
Answer
  • the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • the somatic and autonomic nervous systems
  • the body’s sensory and motor neurons
  • the brain and the spinal cord

Question 19

Question
What are the protective membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord?
Answer
  • meninges
  • myelin sheaths
  • ventricles
  • glia

Question 20

Question
Which of the following protects the brain as a whole by providing an internal cushion?
Answer
  • meninges
  • ventricles filled with CSF
  • myelin sheaths
  • synaptic vesicles

Question 21

Question
Which of the following is the most accurate representation of the relationship between the brain and spinal cord?
Answer
  • The spinal cord communicates with the brain, but is separated by the meninges.
  • The spinal cord receives commands from the brain through nerves and cerebrospinal fluid.
  • The spinal cord and brain contribute independently to the central nervous system.
  • The spinal cord is an extension of the brain.
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