Understanding Anatomy & Physiology

skyfiresinger
Quiz by skyfiresinger, updated more than 1 year ago
skyfiresinger
Created by skyfiresinger over 6 years ago
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Description

The Questions at the end of each Chapter; Used for study of the whole book

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The study of the structure of the body is
Answer
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Homeostasis

Question 2

Question
Specialized groups of cells with similar structure and function are:
Answer
  • Organs
  • Tissues
  • Organelles
  • Mitochondria

Question 3

Question
The term used to describe something toward the body's midline is:
Answer
  • Lateral
  • Superficial
  • Medial
  • Proximal

Question 4

Question
The plane that divides the body into right and left sides is the:
Answer
  • Transverse Plane
  • Sagittal Plane
  • Lateral Plane
  • Frontal Plane

Question 5

Question
Which organ system functions to destroy pathogens that enter the body?
Answer
  • Circulatory system
  • Nervous system
  • Immune system
  • Respiratory system

Question 6

Question
The term 'patellar' is used to identify which region of the body?
Answer
  • Foot
  • Palm
  • Knee
  • Armpit

Question 7

Question
what is the name of the major body cavity encompassing the front portion of the body?
Answer
  • Pelvic
  • Ventral
  • Dorsal
  • Thoracic

Question 8

Question
what is the term used to describe the abdominal region just under the breastbone?
Answer
  • Hypogastric
  • Hypochondriac
  • Epigastric
  • Lliac

Question 9

Question
what type of tissues covers/lines the body surface?
Answer
  • Muscular
  • Connective
  • Skeletal
  • Epithelial

Question 10

Question
The process of homeostatic regulation operates most often through a system of:
Answer
  • Positive feedback
  • Negative feedback
  • Situs inversus
  • Respiration

Question 11

Question
A chemical compound contains at least two:
Answer
  • Protons
  • Ionic bonds
  • Molecules
  • Elements

Question 12

Question
The atomic number of an element is determined by:
Answer
  • The number of neurons in the nucleus
  • The number of electrons is contains
  • Its atomic weight
  • The number of protons in the nucleus

Question 13

Question
Ionic bonds are formed when:
Answer
  • One atom transfers an electron from its outer shell to another atom
  • Two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
  • Two anions meet
  • Two elements are dissolved in water

Question 14

Question
Electrolytes are:
Answer
  • Elements tat contain an extra neutron
  • Compounds that dissociate in water
  • The building blocks of protein
  • Atoms joined together by covalent bonds

Question 15

Question
What is the name of the process used to break down complex compounds into simpler ones to release energy?
Answer
  • Catabolism
  • Anabolism
  • Metabolism
  • Ionization

Question 16

Question
Which is the most abundant inorganic compound in the body?
Answer
  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Water
  • Lipids

Question 17

Question
Which type of substance releases a hydrogen ion when dissolved in water?
Answer
  • Base
  • Salt
  • Electrolyte
  • acid

Question 18

Question
What is the body's main source of energy?
Answer
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Water

Question 19

Question
The body stores glucose in the form of:
Answer
  • Starch
  • Galactose
  • Cellulose
  • Glycogen

Question 20

Question
How do cells obtain the energy they need?
Answer
  • They receive energy directly from the catabolism of nutrients from food
  • They receive energy when ATP is ingested in the diet
  • They receive energy when the phosphate bonds of ATP are broken
  • Cells don't need an outside supply of energy

Question 21

Question
The nucleus of the cell is called the control center because it:
Answer
  • Controls the function of all the organelles in the cells
  • Contains all the genetic material for the cell
  • Regulates the flow of substances into and out of the cell
  • Resides at the center of the cell

Question 22

Question
The plasma Membrane is made up of:
Answer
  • A rigid layer of protein
  • A double layer of protein and cholesterol
  • A double layer of phospholipids with cholesterol and proteins embedded at various spots
  • A rigid layer of carbohydrates and protein

Question 23

Question
What is the chief purpose of the Golgi apparatus?
Answer
  • Prepare and package proteins in vesicles for export to other parts of the body
  • Synthesize proteins
  • Break down protein the cell doesn't need
  • Participate in cell division

Question 24

Question
What is the function of the mitochondria?
Answer
  • To destroy bacteria
  • To burn ATP for energy
  • To store ATP
  • To convert organic compounds into ATP

Question 25

Question
The hair-like processes on the surface of the cell that beat in waves to help propel materials across its surface are called:
Answer
  • Microvilli
  • Flagella
  • Cilia
  • Centrioles

Question 26

Question
Which of the following correctly describe diffusion?
Answer
  • It is a form of transport in which water moves from an area of higher to lower concentration
  • It is a form of active transport in which particles moves from an area of higher to lower concentration
  • It is a form of passive transport in which particles moves from an area of higher to lower concentration
  • It is a form of passive transport in which particles pass through channels on the cell membrane to move from an area of higher to lower concentration

Question 27

Question
Osmotic pressure is the:
Answer
  • force that drives osmosis
  • Force that drives solutes through capillary walls
  • Pressure that aids in venous return
  • Water pressure that develops as a result of osmosis

Question 28

Question
If red blood cells are immersed in a hypertonic solution, the cells will:
Answer
  • Remain normal in size and water content
  • Lose fluid and shrivel
  • Swell and possibly burst
  • Diffuse through capillary walls
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