Natural Moral Law A Level Edexcel

fstok
Quiz by fstok, updated more than 1 year ago
fstok
Created by fstok about 6 years ago
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Description

Revision quiz for the Natural Moral Law topic of Unit 3 Ethics (A2 Religious Studies Developments Edexcel)

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Tick the right answers that accurately describe the nature of NML.
Answer
  • NML is teleological
  • NML is absolutist and objective
  • NML is a branch of meta-ethics
  • NML is a branch of descriptive ethics
  • NML is a branch of normative ethics
  • NML is deontological

Question 2

Question
Who influenced Aquinas' NML?
Answer
  • Hume
  • Anselm
  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • the Stoics

Question 3

Question
How many types of law are there in NML?
Answer
  • 5
  • 3
  • 4
  • 6

Question 4

Question
What are the types of law called? (extra: try to tick them in the right order if you can)
Answer
  • external law
  • human law
  • martial law
  • sharia law
  • divine law
  • ordained law
  • natural law
  • moral law

Question 5

Question
According to Aquinas, what is our purpose?
Answer
  • eudaimonia
  • summum bonum
  • perfection, like God
  • This is a trick question, Aquinas didn't believe we had a purpose.

Question 6

Question
According to Aquinas, the ability to reason is common to everyone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
The Parable of the Talents explains that when God gives us something, whether mira (money), talent or the ability to reason, we must use it. Otherwise we are disobeying God and being selfish. (This applies to paragraphs about reason and how God has given us all the ability to reason).
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Tick the correct Five Primary Precepts (extra: try to tick them in order)
Answer
  • Self-preservation
  • Education
  • Ordered Society
  • Reproduction
  • Worship God

Question 9

Question
What are the secondary precepts for?
Answer
  • They help us achieve the Primary Precepts
  • They help us achieve the summum bonum
  • They are five core ideas that we have to observe

Question 10

Question
There are two subordinate aims that help us achieve and understand the secondary precepts. Tick the two correct subordinate aims.
Answer
  • Reason
  • Purpose
  • Reason and the Bible
  • the Bible alone
  • Prayer

Question 11

Question
The Fall (Genesis 2-3) demonstrates what happens when we disobey God, just like Adam and Eve. The Fall also explains why humans have original sin and thus why our reason is tainted by evil.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Apparent goods are when we reason correctly and veer towards God.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Real goods are when we reason correctly and veer towards God.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
What does Paul say about evil in Romans?
Answer
  • Humans are evil
  • Humans are not evil
  • Bird are evil

Question 15

Question
Tick four criticisms of NML.
Answer
  • Vardy says that NML "fails to consider the person as a psycho-physical unity" and is too simplistic to use for complex, individual moral dilemmas.
  • NML's objective set of rules has more clarity than Bentham's Act Utilitarianism.
  • Hume argues that there could be more than one God or perhaps an evil God.
  • Barth argues that "There is not enough consideration on the grace of God and Revelation in the Bible" and human nature is too corrupt to be trusted. Thus NML is not reliable or applicable since our reason is corrupt and tainted due to original sin.
  • Moore states that NML commits the naturalistic fallacy.
  • Scientists would state that there is no purpose in our world. For example, quantum physics highlights the randomness of our world and the lack of order and purpose. Even if there was purpose, it would not be as simple as the Primary Precepts.

Question 16

Question
Tick four strengths of NML.
Answer
  • Hoose's Proportionalism as a development of NML with more flexibility
  • Longford comments that since the secondary precepts are open to interpretation, "it is here that the flexibility of natural law occurs"
  • Society has now moved towards social contract theory
  • Barclay argues that society requires laws and rules in order to avoid chaotic anarchy. NML provides objective rules to follow.
  • NML's objectivity and absolutism provides cohesive clarity in moral decision-making, unlike Bentham's confusing hedonic calculus or Fletcher's subjective agape love.
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