Endocrine System

eleasa.k
Quiz by eleasa.k, updated more than 1 year ago
eleasa.k
Created by eleasa.k over 6 years ago
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Description

A brief quiz on the endocrine system

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are tropic hormones?
Answer
  • Hormones that act on other endocrine glands
  • Hormones that work on other endocrine glands and control hormone secretion
  • Hormones that act on effector organs
  • Hormones that act on effector organs and control hormone secretion

Question 2

Question
Protien hormones are classified as peptides.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
What happens when a peptide hormone acts on a cell? (Multiple correct answers)
Answer
  • The peptide slips through the bilipid
  • The peptide acts directly on the nucleus of the cell
  • The peptide bonds with a receptor outside of the cell
  • The receptor the peptide bonded to releases a second messenger

Question 4

Question
Amine hormones are derived from what two amino acids?
Answer
  • Tryptophan and Tyrosine
  • Lysine and Tryptophan
  • Threonine and Tyrosine
  • Threonine and Tryptophan

Question 5

Question
When there is hyposecretion of a hormone, it means
Answer
  • Too little hormone is secreted or hormone is breaking down too fast
  • Too much hormone is secreted
  • The hormone isn't functioning on the right type of cell
  • The hormone is causing the cell to die

Question 6

Question
Type I diabetes is a problem when
Answer
  • The pancreas is secreting too much insulin and the cells become resistent
  • The pancreas isn't secreting enough insulin

Question 7

Question
The hypothalamus controls the anterior pituitary which then controls the other endocrine glands
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
The posterior pituitary secretes what two hormones? (Multiple correct answers)
Answer
  • ADH
  • Oxytocin
  • Aldosterone
  • ACTH

Question 9

Question
ADH is a vasopressin, which means
Answer
  • It is anti-diuretic
  • It is diuretic
  • It decreases water retention in the kidneys and increases urine output

Question 10

Question
TSH or Thyroid-secreting hormone promotes what hormone secretion?
Answer
  • Aldosterone
  • Thyroid hormone (TH)
  • Prolactin
  • ACTH

Question 11

Question
Prolactin is a tropic hormone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Growth hormone (GH) triggers the liver to release Insulin Growth Factors (IGF). This stimulates protein synthesis and cell division, leading to the building of new muscle.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
In what stage of life does Growth hormone (GH) have NO effect on?
Answer
  • Prenatal
  • Postnatal
  • Pubertal growth spurt

Question 14

Question
What structure is highlighted in red?
Answer
  • The penal gland
  • The hypothalamus
  • The anterior pituitary
  • The posterior pituitary

Question 15

Question
(Multiple correct answers) The penal gland secretes melatonin, which
Answer
  • Influences sleep schedules
  • Influences antioxidant activity
  • Influences blood pressure
  • Influences spatial reasoning
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